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THE PILGRIM 



TQI« 17 JAMJARY, 1970 NO. 1 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshiy lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 



PRAYER FOR THE JEW YEAR 

What shall I ask for the coming year? 

What shall my watchword be? 
What would* st Thou do for me, dear Lord? 

What can I do for Thee? 

Lord, I would ask for a year of love, 

That I may love Thee best; 
Give me the love that faHeth not, 

Beneath the harvest test. 

Lord, I would ask for a year of prayer, 

Teach me to walk with Thee; 
Breathe in my heart Thy Spirit f s breath; 

Pray Thou Thy prayer in me. 

Lord, I would ask for the dying world j 
Stretch forth Thy mighty hand; 

Thy truth proclaim, Thy power display, 
In this and every land! 

— Selected 



THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent fre 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 
ADDRESS: THE PILGRIM, ROUTE 2, BOX 874, SONORA. CALIF. 9573Q 



THE HEAVENS DECLARE "THE GLORY OF GOD; AND THE 
FIRMAMENT SHEWETH HIS HAMDIWORK— Psalms 19:1 

Another year and another decade have passed , and we 
are reminded again of the swiftness of time. Time is so 
important to us, and yet it seems to be only a brief 
interlude in the eternity as God sees it. Time for us 
is measured by the rotation and the movement of our 
earth in relation to the sun, moon, and other heavenly 
bodies. Away from the 'earth and its shadow, time must 
have a different gauge or means of measurement, 

David in Psalms 8 writes, "When I consider thy heav- 
ens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, 
which thou hast ordained; What is man, that thou art 
mindful of him . . . ?" • For centuries men have peered 
into the universe and speculated and wondered what it 
could all mean. Only in recent years with the inven- 
tions of the telescopes, photography, and the study and 
analysis of light rays have men realized the vastness 
of this creation of God. Scientists have discovered 
ways of measuring with some accuracy the distances and 
sizes and even approximate weights or masses of these 
great heavenly bodies, compared to which our earth is 
only a speck, 

Halley's Bible Handbook reports: "Astronomers esti- 
mate that the Milky Way, the galaxy to which our earth 
and solar system belong, contains over 30,000,000,000 
suns, many of them immensely larger than our sun, which 
is a million and a half times larger than the earth. 
The Milky Way is shaped like a thin watch, its diameter 
from rim to rim being 200,000 light-years : a light- 
year is the distance that light travels in a year at 
the rate of 186,000 miles per second. And there are, 
at least, 100,000 galaxies like the Milky Way, some of 
them millions of light-years apart. And all this may 
be only a tiny speck in what is beyond in the infinite, 
endless stretch of space. 11 



THE PILGRIM 



Orbits and rotations are common in God f s universe. 
One star out of three is actually double or multiple 
with the stars rotating around each other in perfect 
balance. The stars in the Milky Way also are in a giant 
rotation with the sun moving in this rotation at about 
175 miles per second . And even at this tremendous 
speed, it would take the sun 200 million years to com- 
plete this circle. Besides this, some scientists be- 
lieve there is an overall "expanding" motion in the 
universe with the galaxies moving out away from each 
other at terrific speeds. 

We mention these great figures and movements to show 
the vastness of God's creation, .These are man's fig- 
ures and there could be many errors. But God's creation 
is wonderful and truly "the nations of the earth are as 
a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust 
of the balance.' 1 (Isaiah 40:15) God must take pleasure 
in the beauty and order of these heavenly bodies and in 
their obedience to His laws. 

Looking into the infinite detail of the tiniest part 
of the creation of God, scientists' tell us something of 
the "size" of an atom: "A small toy balloon filled with 
hydrogen contains 100 million million billion hydrogen 
atoms. 11 In another example, "If an atom were as big as 
the head of a pin, all the atoms in a grain of sand 
would make a cube one mile high, one mile wide, and one 
mile long." (Quotes from "World Book" Encyclopedia.) 

These things are too wonderful for us. But there are 
ever* greater mysteries in things that have life, how God 
creates bodies and plants that grow and reproduce. And 
then when we go to the realm of the Spirit, we find 
powers and mysteries far greater than the physical, A 
recent hymn says: 

It took a miracle to put the stars in place; 

It took a miracle to hang the world in space. 

But when He saved my soul, 

Cleansed and made me whole, 

It took a miracle of love, and grace. 
There is a place where God dwells, whether in the 
universe or beyond it, we cannot tell. But wherever it 



THE PILGRIM 



is > it does not take years for God to travel the dis- 
tance* (Jesus came down from God. Angels are heaven- 
ly messengers sent from God to earth.) There is also 
a place that Jesus went to prepare for us. And then 
there is the place of torment which Jesus describes and 
the place of eternal judgment. Certainly the terms 
n outer darkness" j bottomless pit" and n lake of fire' 1 
could apply to places in the universe as the scientists 
describe it. 

While we cannot explain the wonderful works of God, 
we can be sure of some things. Jesus says, n Heaven and 
earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass a- 
way. 11 (Luke 21s 33) When He says, "He that believe th on 
the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth 
not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God 
abideth on him," we can be sure it will be this way. 

So as the world whirls on toward judgment, and as 
its orbit is completed once again and a new decade be- 
gins, let us consider the eternal truths of God. Where 
will we spend eternity? Will this year, 1970, find us 
closer to the perfect will of God for us? Someday Jesus 
will return again, Jesus is the one about whom John 
wrote: "All things were made by Him, and without Him 
was not anything made that was made*" He has the se- 
crets of the universe just as He knows our individual 
needs. He knows what it takes to hang the stars in 
space, and Ke knows what it takes to save our souls. 



CUR AIM IN LIFE 

Christ in His coming to earth has brought meaning to 
life. He has told us that we come from God and again 
go to God, and that God cares for each of us and that 
every life has a divine purpose. 

At the changing of the years we reflect on the past 
and hope for the future. The days are going by one by 
one. The years are slipping away and one of these 
years shall find us before the Lord to give an account 
of our stewardship. 



THE PILGRIM 



Christ interprets life for us, shows us what it is 
and what it may become. At the end He was able to say, 
"Father, I have glorified Thee on the earth. I have 
finished the work Thou gavest me to do" — John 17:4. He 
was only thirty-three , but He had accomplished His 
life's work. It seems that sometimes life is measured 
by auality rather than by length. His work was to show 
us the Father. He glorified God by exemplifying God's 
love, His forgiveness and His reconciliation. 

In His work we must also see our work. We are here 
to glorify God — ". . . do all things to the glory of 
God n — 1 Corinthians !0r31« To glorify God is to mani- 
fest Him before others. With God there are no "extras, 
all are born with His permission and as many as are 
called and chosen are also assignees. It is therefore 
every Christian 1 s obligation to glorify God and do the 
work given to him. 

Life is not a game, yet it has a goal. As in a game, 
how can one piajf without knowing where the goal is? How 
can man live successfully without knowing what life is 
really for? Man's - striving must be to glorify God. God 
has a plan for everyone. It often Is th r t self-will 
that keeps us from knowing it and doing it. We cannot 
find it until we surrender everything to Him and be 
still before Him that He can give us guidance. Jesus 
said, "My meat is to do the will of Him that sent me." 
We may be very busy but that is not the point — are we 
doing the work God has given us to do? 

Paul says, "Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or 
whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God." To eat 
and drink to the glory of God would be to receive it 
with thanksgiving, acknowledging to God and men that it 
is He who provides for us, giving rain and sunshine and 
fruitful seasons, as well as knowledge and physical 
ability. We manifest Him by our faith and trust, by 
using our physical strength for His work. In America 
so many people do not glorify God with their substance. 
The communist world is struggling with agricultural 
projects that leaves many people hungry and destitute 
of homes and lands. They do not glorify God in the 



THE PILGRIM 



things they possess. They trust in their hand to bring 
them their needs. There seems to be so little that they 
glorify God in, making their lives without meaning. 

In our recreative periods, such as time out for rest 
and vacationing the Christian needs to remember that 
this too is to be to the glory of God. With this in 
mind the place of vacationing must be well chosen, and 
God needs to be manifested in our lives in our conduct, 
conversation, as well as in eating and drinking. Men 
about us must be reminded by our word or deed that there 
is a God who cares and iJho is to be feared. His good- 
ness to all men needs to be told, and the joys of having 
Him in our lives must be manifested. 

In our temporal life, buying, selling and operations, 
God needs to be glorified. This will demand temperance, 
and a Christ-like spirit in all our dealings. Too many 
people are concerned only as their dealings and opera- 
tions touch honesty and within the law, These are nec- 
essary points, but in itself will not glorify God. Men 
will give credit to ones self on such points, but to 
manifest God to our fellowmen demands more. The give- 
and-take, the live-and-let-Iive principles are good but 
it is still human, and in order to glorify God one must 
go beyond that and become Godly. 

Jesus came to finish the work the Father had assigned 
to Him. That part which pertained to His earth life He 
was able to accomplish in three years. His work, how- 
ever, continues from the right hand of God, 

We are all stewards, each has a particular place to 
fill, a work to do. Sometimes God commissions directly, 
as with Paul, and other times we receive our work sched- 
ule through the church, or church board. From whatever 
source it comes or wherever it places us, we should be 
of a mind to work faithfully and finish the work as- 
oigned to us, and do it to the glory of God — God working 
through us. 

The days ahead are to find each of us busy as unto 
the Lord, that He is uplifted in our whole life. We may 
not accomplish all we plan, but the final test of life 



THE PILGRIM 



will not be what we planned , but whether, we have done 
what God sent us into the world to do— '"'I have finished 
the work which Thou gavest me to do* 11 

— From the "Messenger of 
Truth" 



GOING OK TO PERFECTION 

Cur aim as Christians is to go on to perfection. 
Perfection is the standard of Christianity. There is 
no such thing as standing still in Christianity. We 
go either heavenward or wcrldward by observing the 
Bible ordinances , God's means of grace , the stepping, 
stones to greater spirituality. 

A Christian must work. We learn in Christ r s gospel 
that He is the "Author of eternal salvation unto all 
them that obey Him." Jesus is our highest Ideal. Pic- 
ture Him standing at the top of a mountain. Because of 
His exalted position He offers us just the thing we 
need. It is eternal salvation, 

We are either at the foot of the mountain or some- 
where on the mountain road, ascending or descending. 
We reach the top only by following Christy who has 
climbed that way and knows the road. He is acquainted 
with its dangers and struggles, as well as its bless- 
ings. 

Paul made an appeal for us to go on and reach the 
top. We should go on to perfection. We should not al- 
ways be laying a foundation but building on the found- 
ation. "For other foundation can no man lay than is 
laid, which is Jesus Christ," (1 Corinthians 3:11) 

Jesus Christ is our ideal. And since He is perfect, 
if we are His true followers, we must strive for per- 
fection. We cannot get to the top of the mountain un- 
less we get on the right and proper way. We find in 
Christ's gospel recorded by John the words of Jesus, 
"I am the way, the truth, and the life." We also find 



8 THE PILGRIM 



in the same gospel these words, "I am the door." Then 
His principles are fundamental; they are the foundation 
of all Christian building. 

If we obey self we cannot serve God because we can- 
not serve two masters* We must separate ourselves from 
the worldly master and cleave to Christ alone. We must 
follow Christ completely if we wish to succeed on this 
journey toward perfection. We must at all times be in 
close communication with Jesus. We need to pray daily 
for His guidance. He has left us the guide, the pre- 
cious word of God, to follow. Let us study it daily so 
we can stay on that close and narrow way. 

All the Bible ordinances are simply stepping stones 
on this narrow way. Let us be very careful that we do 
not confuse the ordinances Christ has instituted with 
those made by man. We must daily follow Christ, as 
this journey is a daily task. Vie must not slumber on 
the way but have our lamps burning bright, for the 
bridegroom may come at any time. Jesus tells us, "But 
of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels 
of heaven, but my father only," (Matthew 24; 36) We as 
His true followers should always be busy In the vine- 
yeard of the Lord, speaking to lost souls and doing all 
we can to help others en the way of Life. "Blessed is 
that servant^ whom his Lord conieth shall find so doing." 



M&d M. Alltus 

Modesto, California 



HE MB A HEAVENLY MANSION 

The cold wind of a December night bit at his face 
as he pulled his coat more tightly about him, Hendrik 
Eemkens and his wife,, Anna, were stumbling along a dark 
alley in an unfamiliar section of Utrecht. Hendrik was 
worried that someone from the night watch might still 
be prowling around. They kept a more careful guard in 
the rich man's part of the city than in his own, 

Hendrik had been baptized just that spring at a 
meeting on Homburger Street in the house of a penniless 



THE PILGRIM 



button maker. Mow he and his wife were on their way to 
a meeting at the stately patrician mansion of Cornells 
van Voordt, a mansion so important that it even had a 
name — the "Cranesteyn." He whispered the name over 
several times to his wife. It seemed quite impressive 
to the simple tailor. 

It was four o'clock in the morning. They had been 
told to come at that time. They must stay inside the 
big house the entire day. They would be able to leave 
not before nightfall when their departure would be un- 
noticed. In this way no one would know that an unusual 
group of people had gathered at the "Cranesteyn" that 
day. 

The door in the garden wall was unfastened, as 
Hendrik had been told. Through Van Voordt 's garden, up 
some steps they felt their way. Although there was not 
the faintest gleam of light, they tapped quietly at a 
door. A servant girl with a candle opened it. The in- 
side of the door window was hung with a heavy cloth. 

Hendrik entered the ballroom, where the meeting was 
to be held, with his hat in his hands. The candles in 
the crystal chandelier spread a sparkling light over the 
rich, gilt furnishings of the room. The windows were 
also hung with several layers of heavy black cloth. Old 
Cornells van Voordt, who was very friendly toward the 
brethren but not one of the church, himself offered 
Hendrik a little songbook. Hendrik refused, saying he 
could not read. 

Soon the meeting began. The man in charge was 
dressed in black. He was of average height with a gray 
beard and white hair. He was perhaps the most effective 
bishop the brethren had left since Fenno Simons had died 
in January of that year and Joost Varbeeck, who had bap- 
tized Hendrik, had been executed in June. Hendrik lis- 
tened carefully to the bishop's preaching. 

At this nocturnal meeting the wife of Cornells van 
Voordt and two of his sons were baptized along with 
Beatris, their servant girl. Then communion was served 
to about twenty members of the church, rich and poor 
alike. It was Hendrik' s second communion service. 



10 . THE PILGRIM 



After the service Hendrik enjoyed the hours in the 
big house, while they waited for nightfall and their 
departure from the meeting. He talked with the other 
brethren about the Scriptures and especially tried to 
hear everything the bishop said. Although Hendrik 
could not read; his keen interest in the Word of God 
caused him to learn quickly. He could even tell others 
in which chapter they would find this or that state- 
ment — in a book which he himself could not read I 

In the spring of the following year, 1562, Hendrik 
Eemkens and his wife were attending another meeting at 
van Voordt's mansion when the authorities broke in. 
Some of the worshippers escaped, but not Hendrik and 
his wife. A few of the persons captured avoided the 
death sentence by recanting. Cornells van Voordt (al- 
though he was not a brother in the church) and his wife 
were banished, and their riches were confiscated. 

Hendrik Eemkens, the poor tailor, had nothing much 
which could be taken from him but his life. He was 
sentenced. to die on June 10, 1562, at Utrecht. 

At his execution when Hendrik knelt on the scaffold 
to pray, the savage executioner jerked him up by his 
shirt so that he could not finish. Hendrik then had to 
stand en a little bench, and jet all the while he kept 
calling out and admonishing the assembled crowd to re- 
pent and turn to God. The executioner fastened him to 
the stake with a chain and hung a bag of gun powder 
around his neck. 

Since Hendrik spoke so boldly, the brutal man passed 
a rope around his neck and with several twists hushed 
his words. Fulling the bench from beneath Hendrik J s 
feet, he thrust a fork with a bundle of straw into a 
little pot of fire on the scaffold. When the straw was 
burning, he held it up to the bag of gunpowder hanging 
around Hendrik 1 s neck. It ignited with a flash, and 
soon Hendrik Eemken's earthly sufferings were over. 



— By James W. Lowrj^ 
In "The pearl of Great 
Price 1 ' 



THE PILGRIM 11 



CUT OF THIS LIFE 

Out of this life I shall never take 
Things of silver and gold I make. 
All that I cherish and hoard away 
After I leave, on this earth must stay. 

Tho T I have toiled for a painting rare 
To hang on the wall, I must leave it there. 
Though I call it mire, and boast its worth 
I must give it up when I leave this earth. 

All that I gather and all that I keep 
I must leave behind when I fall asleep. 
And I often wonder what I shall own 
In that other life, when I pass alone. 

What shall they find, and what shall they see, 
In the soul that answers the call for me? 
Shall the Great Judge learn when my task is 

through 
That my spirit has gained some riches, too? 

Or shall at last, it be mine to find 
That all I'd worked for I'd left behind? 

— Author unknown 

Selected by Mary Lavy 



BIRTHS 

SHIRK - A daughter, Rebecca Ann, born to Glen and Lois 
Shirk on December 31, 1969, at Stockton, California. 

MARTIN - A daughter, born to Kenneth and Lois Martin 
on January 10, 1970, at Nappanee, Indiana, 



12. THE PILGRIM 



FIFTEEN MIMJTES-IK BIBLE LANDS 
ON THE ROAD TO JERICHO 

The way that goes "down from Jerusalem to Jericho" is 
full of suggestions and abounds with historical associa- 
tions • It is the track by which Joshua and the Jews 
came up into the highland moors of the Promised Land. 
After David had made Jerusalem the center of national 
life and worship, the road ran much as now. This road 
has forever been immortalized by our Lord as the scene 
of the most vivid and touching of parables — the "Farable 
of the Good Samaritan." 

Gazing from the heights of Olivet toward the east, we 
see our way spread before us as if we are looking upon 
a map. The road goes down, down,, winding left-, winding 
right. Hairpin bend follows hairpin bend, down through 
the Wilderness of Judea. We can see the white road 
twisting and. turning into a sterile^ wilderness of 
parched rock, dropping ever downward into bleakness and 
solitude. Even the stones are wasted by age, relieved 
nowhere by a tree, or enhanced by a single blade of 
grass , Wild beasts would starve in it I The most indus- 
trious bird could not collect in its length and breadth 
enough soft material to make a nest. It exhausts the 
language of description. 

Winding up and around the .base of the Mount of Olives 
we soon reach Eethany and are in the open country. We 
then come to an eminence from which we have the last 
view of the Holy City, with its lofty Dome of the Rock, 
minarets, towers, and churches. 

The road now begins to descend and as we look back, 
Jerusalem disappers. Here the read continues through 
ravines and across hillsides. We do not see this; we 
only see the rough broken hills, the great dip of the 
Jordan Valley — and beyond this the magnificent Mountains 
of Moab. The descent is now steep. We are indeed going 
"down ... to Jericho," but not to fall "among thieves? 1 i 
Even if its existence had never been recorded in past 
ages, even if it had no sacred connection and hallowed 



TH E PILGRIM 13 



memories , it would take its place among the famous 
mountain passes of the world. Some of the hills are 
domed or cone-shaped, like young volcanoes, and others 
are aueerly twisted, tortured, and deformed, as if 
chewed up by fire like the clinkers that come out of 
a furnace. 

Continuing our journey through land that during the 
rainy season is covered with herbage and wild flowers, 
but which during a dry season is bare, the road winds 
among savage, brown hills — not a tree, not a sprig of 
green grass to relieve the desolate landscape. The 
sparse desert vegetation, spiny shrubs and bushes, can 
hardly be distinguished against the whitish gray back- 
ground . 

"A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, 
and fell among thieves.' 1 Certainly the road still re- 
tains the wild aspect of a scene of rapine and murder. 
Tourists have mistakenly pictured this road as running 
through dark woods that afford hiding places for rob- 
bers. Nevertheless, the hiding places are there in the 
bushes and caves in the rock between which the highway 
runs. It is never straight for very long. Kow admi- 
rably calculated for "robbers"! 

Hundreds of robbers might lurk unseen in the caves 
and dens on the broken, rugged slopes. At hundreds of 
points along the road are stretches lying between two 
acute corners and backed by towering cliffs and pro- 
jecting boulders, where a few armed men can hold up 
anything that comes along. The robbery once committed, 
nothing could be easier than an escape into the barren 
trackless wilderness, where hundreds of caves furnish 
secure hiding places, and where a searching party might 
wander for months without success! We are, however, in 
no danger at present, but the evil reputation of the 
neighborhood adds verisimilitude to the "Parable of the 
Good Samaritan." 

After twenty minutes r drive from Jerusalem we sud- 
denly come upon an agreeable surprise — a wayside inn — 
the "Inn of the Good Samaritan" amidst scenes still 
more desolate and extensive. It is said there has 



14 THE PILGRIM 



always been an inn on this spot* In fact, it is the 
only building on the roadi It is refreshing to think 
that this spot must also have been a resting place for 
our Saviour and His disciples in their journeyings to 
and from the Jordan Valley. I should think it must have 
been a very welcome place to tired pedestrians and lone- 
ly riders. 

Before the first World War a brisk business was done 
here. But then there were only ten cars in all Pales- 
tine; whereas today there are over ten thousand, and the 
numbers are increasing rapidly! There is now little 
need for a stopping place. 

The building is the usual primitive inn which long 
ago provided safety for men and beasts during the night. 
At present it is being used as a check-post by the 
Jordan authorities. 

But why is it called the n Inn of the Good Samaritan"? 
There is no doubt that this is the inn to which our Lord 
refers in the Parable of the Good Samaritan, for as the 
Saviour's discourses and teachings were largely based on 
incidents and scenes around Him, it is a story that had 
its foundation in fact. Here the poor man was enter- 
tained for "two cents." There is seldom a caretaker at 
caravansaries in desolate places in the East, but some 
offer this advantage as did the one in the parable, 
which had a host who could even be trusted with the care 
of the sick. A wizened donkey stands at the back door 
munching hay. It looked almost old enough to have been 
the beast upon which the wounded man was brought to this 
inn I 

The Good Samaritan, mounting his steed, passes out of 
our hearing, and out of our sight. Not quite out of our 
hearing, however, for heaven has caught his gentle, lov- 
ing words, and hidden them within this parable, that all 
' coming times may listen to their music; nor out of our 
sight either, for his "picture" was caught in the sun- 
light of the Master 1 s speech. As we turn over the pages 
of inspiration there is no picture more beautiful than 
that of the nameless Samaritan, whom all the world calls 
"the good," the man who knew so much better than his age 
what humanity and mercy meant. 



THE PILGRIM 15 



The parable is in itself so interesting and so easy 
to be understood that it is to be hoped that it is well 
'known" to every grown person and child among us. Per- 
haps there is no more sure and infallible sign of a 
true Christian than, according to the injunction which 
our Lord adds to the parable, to be doing likewise, to 
keep this parable, and do good not to friends only, but 
also to enemies; to; put oneself to inconvenience, to be 
giving up time, spending money, and taking trouble, in 
order to do so. - * * 

The Christian neighborliness is practiced when one 
shows mercy to another in his time of need, and gives 
help without any thought of repayment in any way. The 
deed is done merely out of the kindness' of the heart* 
Whether bread so cast upon the waters may return again 
does not enter the mind of a Christ/ian moVed by love 
and sympathy. The sufferer's need is reason enough to 
offer help. Like Jesus, the heavenly "Good Samaritan," 
let us hold out a helping hand /to. ^.11 in need. 

Selected-from 1955 "Gospel 
Herald*' 'I 



Although the past year may have brought, many heart- 
aches, errors and misunderstandings we. can rejoice that 
by the grace of God we need not dwell on-past sorrows. 

". . . old things are passed away,, 1? all .jbhings are 
become new." ■ ,• , • * - 

A simple illustration of man's aim' for the new year 
is a child which receives a new scribbler.' The old one 
is battered, marked and torn, but a cl£&n new one re- 
places it. The first pages show evidence of neater, 
better work but -so often by the time it T is used up it 
looks as battered as the former one. ; s 

If our lives have not been as fruitful as God would 
prefer can we hear Christ pleading as in the parable of 
the fig tree, "Lord, let it alone this year also till I 
shall dig about it and dung it ..." 

"... but this one thing I do, forgetting those 
things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those 
things which are before, I press toward the mark for 
the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus*" 

— From "The Church Correspondent" 



16 THE PILGRIM 



CHILDREN *S PAGE 

Matthew 19:16-22 

THE POOR RICH MAN Mark 10:17-22 



One time a certain ruler of the Jews came to Jesus, 
He was a very rich young man and was interested in the 
teaching of Jesus. He had always kept the Jewish Law 
and wanted Jesus to know what a good man he was, so he 
said, "Good Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal 
life? 1 * 

Jesus knew all about this man, just like He knows 
all about you and me, so He replied, "Why do you call 
me good? There is only one that is really good and 
that is God. You know the commandments." And Jesus 
repeated some of them like, "Do not kill, do not steal, 
honour your father and your mother." 

I suppose the rich young man thought, "Now I can 
really show Jesus how righteous I am," so he said, "All 
these commandments have I kept from my youth; what lack 
I yet? 11 — meaning^ "What more could I possibly do?" 

Jesus looked at the young man and loved him, just 
like He loves everyone — even you and me. Then He said 
to the young man, "If you would be perfect, go and sell 
what you have and give to the poor, and you shall have 
treasure in heaven: and come and follow me." 

When the rich young man heard what Jesus said, he 
wasn l t very happy about it, and he didn't think he was 
such a good man after all. He was very rich and had 
great possessions^ This was asking too much. He just 
couldn't give everything away. So he walked away from 
Jesus. 

What a mistake he made! Jesus could have given him 
eternal life and a home in heaven which would be much 
better than anything here in this life. Without a hope 
of heaven he was a very poor man indeed. 

--Rudolph Cover 



THE PILGRIM 



VOL. 17 FEBRUARY, 1970 NO. 2 



"Dearly beloved, 1 beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2j 1 1 



CHRISTIAN, WALK CAREFULLY 

Christian, walk carefully, danger is near; 
On in thy journey with trembling and fear. 
Snares from without and temptations within 
Seek to entice thee once more into sin. 
Christian, walk carefully, danger is near. 

Christian, walk cheerfully through the fierce storm: 
Dark though the sky with its threat of alarm. 
Soon will the clouds and the tempest be o T er, 
Then with thy Saviour thou 1 It rest evermore. 
Christian, walk cheerfully through the fierce storm. 

Christian, walk prayerfully, oft wilt thou fall 
If thou forget on thy Saviour to call; 
Safe thou shalt walk through each trial and care, 
If thou art clad in the armor' of prayer. 
Christian, walk prayerfully, fear lest thou fall. 

Christian walk hopefully, sorrow and pain 
Cease when the haven of rest thou shalt gain; 
Then from the lips of the Judge thy reward; 
"Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." 
Christian, walk hopefully, rest thou shalt gain. 

Selected from "Life Songs" 



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n the 


interests 


of the 


members of the Old Brethren Church. 


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. Sample copies sent free 


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ng Editor: Daniel F. 


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AM I ROBBING GOD? 

God has had many crimes committed against Him and has 
been robbed many, many times. Am I, in any way, guilty 
of robbing God? 

"How art thou fallen from heaven, Lucifer, son of 
the morning! Eou art thou cut down to the ground, which 
didst weaken the nations I For thou hast said in thine 
heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne 
above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount 
of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will 
ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like 
the most High, M. (Isaiah 14:12-1/0 When Satan, made this 
resolve he rebelled against God and all His righteous 
statutes. 

The definition of rebellion is "opposition to one in 
authority and open defiance of an established govern- 
ment, 11 "For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and 
stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry." (1 Samuel 
15:23) In rebelling, Satan had to take on a virtueless 
spirit. His very name is a Hebrew word signifying an 
adversary, an enemy, or an accuser. His spirit makes 
itself manifest through the works of the flesh, ". . . 
which are these; adultery ^ fornication, uncleanness, 
lasciviousneos, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, 
emulations, wrath, strife, seditions,, heresies, envy- 
ing s, murders, drunkenness, revel-lings, and such like 
, . ," (Galations 5:19-21). Of these grave and terrible 
sins, let our thoughts turn to idolatry. 

The first commandment under the Old Covenant was, 
"Thou shalt have no other gods before me," (Exodus 20:3) 
And under the New, "... thou shalt love the Lord thy 
God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with 
?11 thy mind, and with all thy strength* . ." (Mark 12: 
30). To not obey this commandment is giving over to 
idolatry, even though we are not guilty of falling down 
before an idol and worshipping it. Paul wrote that 



THE PILGRIM 



covetousness is idolatry, (Colossians 3:5) Thus we can 
conclude there is a form of idolatry which is an ex- 
pression of the heart and is not necessarily expressed 
by a physical act; 

Surely covetousness is the most dangerous form of 
idolatry. It is induced into the heart by the selfish 
desire for wealth, fame, prestige, -power, or authority. 
The Devil is very crafty in his ways to present these 
temptations in an appealing way to our carnal nature. 
When we yield to our carnal appetites, God is robbed of 
honor and glory. This pleases that old serpent, as this 
was his intention at the beginning. A pertinent scrip- 
ture is, "For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor 
unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, 
hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of 
God." (Ephesians 5:5) If this leaves us in despair 
there is another scripture given to us, "There hath no 
temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but 
God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted 
above that ye are able; but will with the temptation . 
also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear 
it. Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.' 1 
(1 Corinthians 10:13, 14) 

Another way Satan has devised to rob God is by .sub-. 
stitution. He makes substitutions that appeal to our 
carnal desires more than do God's laws. 

In the last years Satan has introduced a church in 
his name (Satanic Church), which is highly unorthodox 
in its practices. A more subtle approach to organising 
a church is the ecumenical movement which, under the 
name of Christianity, has made considerable progress in 
the last few years. It is advocated that the command- 
ments of God are obsolete for this day and that a new 
code of laws and morals be standardized. Many other 
moves can be seen, also. "For there are certain men 
crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to 
this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our 
God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, 
and our Lord Jesus Christ." (Jude 4) 

Man has gained wonderfully in the knowledge of scien- 
tific fields here on earth and in smce, which is almost 



4 THE PILGRIM 



beyond human comprehension. But Satan, who came from 
Heaven, knows the way from earth to Heaven and may 
think that with the aid of man he can build a "tower 
of Babel' 1 and return into the heavens. 

Man's efforts are to learn God's secrets; how to 
create life, to retain youth, and to preserve life 
eternally. The Devil has already induced a false sense 
of peace, love, security, and contentment into the 
world, which man is desirous to have. God has promised 
all this and more to all. who obey Him, As man is striv- 
ing to achieve these ends we can see "the end justifies 
the means' 1 attitude is taken. As a result, all around 
us is social unrest, protests against the establishment, 
racial strife, immoral conduct, and "just and unjust 11 
wars. This is not confined to one country, but n . . . 
the whole world lieth in wickedness. 11 (1 John 5:19) 
Man's desires are not governed by love, but by his 
selfishness, which disregards the welfare of others. 
Satan Is using man's selfish desire to exalt himself 
as an opportunity to deceive by substitution, thus 
robbing. God, "And even as they did not like to retain 
God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a repro- 
bate mind, to do those things which are not convenient 
..." (Reruns 1.-2C). 

Any Chris Lian would say that the Bible is his stand- 
ard in life. This Is well and good, but he shouldn't 
let his standard be swayed by worldly traditions, 
Jesus said to those who reproved His disciples for 
transgressing the traditions of the elders, which they 
highly regarded, "Why do ye also transgress the com- 
mandment of God by your tradition? Thus have ye made 
the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. 
Ye hypocrir.es, well did Ifeaias prophesy of you, saying, 
This, people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and 
honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far 
from me. But in vain they do worship me, teaching for 
doctrines the commandments of men." (Matthew 15:3, 6^9) 

It is recorded four times (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and 
1 Corinthians) in Jesus' words how we are to commem- 
orate His death and resurrection. It is fitting and 



THE PILGRIM 



"ARE YOU" an active member 
The kind that would be missed, 
Or are you just contented 
That your name is on the list? 

Do you attend the meetings, 
And mingle with the, flock, . 
Or do you stay at home 
And criticize and knock? 

Do you take an active part 
And help the work along > 
Or are you satisfied 
To only just belong? 

Think it over, member — 
You know right from wrong; 
Are you an active member 

Or do you just belong? 

Let's all work together 

And each one do his part 

For Jesus understands 

And knows what's in each heart. 

— Selected by a reader 



proper to commemorate Him, who died for our sanctifi- 
cation and rose from the dead that we migjit have eternal 
life. 

Easter, recorded once in the King James version (Acts 
12r4), has reference to the Passover, Feast and in other 
versions the original word was translated into Passover. 
Easter is named after a pagan goddess of spring, who was 
honored by a festival in April. The old gods were put 
aside and the festival was celebrated in honor of the 
resurrection of Christ. Also adopted were such customs 
as the egg, which symbolised young life about to be 
born, and the rabbit, which symbolized abundant life. 



THE PILGRIM" 



Do we need such symbols? As stated, Jesus tells us how 
to observe this occasion and Paul instructs us (1 Cor- 
inthians 11) how to conduct ourselves. It can readily 
be seen that the true observance is through Christ's 
Church and not the world. The world has proved this by 
observing Satan's substitutes. 

There is another season observed by the world and 
Christians that is full of all the Devil's substitutions 
and worldly customs that man can be deceived into fol- 
lowing and* observing. Some may think this is a time 
when the world's hearts are softened and swayed to 
Christian principles. This may be true to a point , as 
it seems there is more kindness at this season than any 
other , but we must remember where this festival has its 
origin and that this is the world's observation. 

There are no supporting scriptures in God's word, 
nor does Jesus instruct us to commemorate His birth.- 
"A good name is better than precious ointment; and the 
day of death than the day of one's birth." (Ecclesiastes 
7:1) We know that the advent of Jesus into the world 
was truly a most wonderful miracle, but His mission was 
fulfilled by His ministry, death, and resurrection, 
which fulfilled this proverb, also. Through these we 
have the forgiveness of sins, the hope of eternal life, 
and the examples by which we are to live. 

Another source is profane history. In the"Britannica 
Jr., the following is found:- "Children and grown-ups 
all over the world, even those for whom it' has no re- 
ligious significance, join in the Christmas spirit of, 
happiness and good will. General observance of Christ- 
mas dates only from the fourth century, when Constan- 
tine became' the protector of the church many of the 
pagan festivals were taken over and changed to Christian 
feasts. Many popular Christmas customs originated long 
; be fore the time of Christianity. This was adopted by. 
the church as the greatest feast of -the year, in honor 
of the birth of Christ, the Light of the World." His- 
tory references clearly show that this tradition is not 
from God, as it was instituted into the world long be- 
fore the Church and not accepted by a church until about 
280 years after Pentecost. 



THE PILGRIM 



There are three scriptures (John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11) 
where Christ speaks of Satan as "the prince of this 
world* 1 . What has the world, unregene rated, to offer 
the Christian, but evil? "I have seen all the works 
that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity 
and vexation of spirit, 11 (Ecclesiastes 1:14) 

Even today this festival is celebrated as the great- 
est feast of the year. But was this His greatest ac- 
complishment? Have we forgotten His mission? A new- 
born baby is loved by almost all mankind, but Christ 
does not condemn man in His birth, nor does He if kept 
in the manger. 

Surely an abomination to God is the substituting of 
Santa Claus for Christ. Tradition has Santa as immor- 
tal, but it is really the tradition that is immortal * 
Santas come from Thanksgiving to Christmas by various 
means, but never in the manner of tradition. It may 
seem foolish to go over this, but it is extremely fool- 
ish that all ages of man believe these untruths to the 
point their eyes are blinded to the truth. To mention 
all the many falsehoods of this idol worship would take 
more space than warranted. 

"Thus saith the Lord, Learn not the way of the hea- 
then, and be not dismayed at them. For the customs of 
the people are Vain: for one cutteth a tree out of the 
forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the 
axe. They deck it with silver and with gold; they fas- 
ten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not. 
They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they 
must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not 
afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also 
is it in them to do good." (Jeremiah 10:2-5) This, 
written about 600 B.C., would be changed very little 
if written today. "The first Christmas tree is associ- 
ated with St. Boniface, who named the fir as the holy 
tree of Christ after he had cut down an oak tree, an 
object of pagan worship." (American Peoples Encyclo- 
pedia) How much more idolatrous could it -be, than to 
condemn one shape or form of idol and turn to worship 
another? 



8 THE PILGRIM 



If commemorating Jesus' birth in any combination of 
these traditions and customs is as important as some 
hold, would not Christ have given an ordinance to be 
done in a Church capacity? Let's not try to put Christ 
into Christmas as some do, but let's keep Him, who said, 
"I am not of this world. 1 ' (John 17:16), separate from 
the things of this world, 

Christmas, Easter, or any worldly tradition or custom 
is not Christian and was adopted by an apostate church 
as a means to satisfy and entice the pagans. 

These seasons present a great problem with children. 
Even though gift giving is an old pagan custom, it is 
not wrong to give our children gifts. But if we neglect 
to give all truth and encourage participation in these 
profane traditions and customs, we may cause distrust 
when they are older and see it is all a lie. Too many 
children worship this Santa image and far too many par- 
ents are close behind, "Train up a child in the way he 
should gor and when he is old, he will not depart from 
it. n (Proverbs 22:6) 1l And, ye fathers, provoke not your 
children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and 
admonition of the Lord* 11 (Ephesians 6:4) Does this mean 
to give them part truth and part lie? Satan has had a 
lot of experience in mixing untruth with truth to be 
appealing since he first deceived Adam and Eve, If we 
participate in untruth in any way, how can our children 
be assured of solid footing? Only by the full manifes- 
tation of the Holy Spirit can we teach them in the way 
of truth, 

Cur giving should be at all times of the year and be 
governed by the needs of others, not showing respect of 
persons or of seasons, 

We : . who have been blest with Christian training at 
home^ have a responsibility to be examples to those who 
have not enjoyed this blessed privilege. Jesus does not 
want us to be lukewarm (Revelations 3:15> 16), but to 
be. faithful, encouraging one another. If we are trying 
to serve God with anything short of all our heart, soul, 
mind, and strength, we are robbing God of honor and 
glory that is due His holy name. 



THE PILGRIM 9 



Am I robbing God? It need not be answered; God 
knows . 

May we fervently pray for the faults of one another. 
James says, "The effectual fervent prayer of a right- 
eous man availeth much." (James 5:16) 

"Now unto the King eternal, immortal > invisible, the 
only wise God, be honour and glory forever and ever. 
Amen." (1 Timothy 1:17) 

Written with a love for the Church, 
Fred Miller, Sonora, California 



HE HAS MADE EVERYTHING BEAUTIFUL IN HIS TIMS 
(Ecclesiastes 3:11) 

One is impressed with the truthfulness of these 
words of the preacher in the changing of the seasons. 
Wherever we turn we see the lavishness of the hand of 
our Creator, 

When the season of spring approaches and "the time 
of the singing of the birds has come" the spirit feels 
a special lift. Recently we had the opportunity of 
hearing a recording of more than 500 bird songs and 
calls. One marvels at the varied musical notes from 
our feathered songsters; that God would take the time 
and the artistry tc equip each one with its own special 
sound and expression. 

A certain writer, in his observations of the English 
skylark , wondered how the Creator could "put a voice of 
such volume into so small a living thing", and went on 
to sayr "It is a marvel — almost a miracle." Yes, one 
wonders at these diversified performances which run the 
gamut from the hoarse croak of the raven to the high- 
pitched and very fine notes of the golden crowned king- 
let. 

It has been told that the grandfather of the pub- 
lisher of "The Pilgrim" would stop to listen to the 
song of a wild bird and of his joyful reaction to such 
an experience. (Ralph Waldo Emerson says, "The chance 



10 THE PILGRIM 



for appreciation is much increased by being the child 
of an appreciator. M ) This quality, we are sure, was 
passed on to the enrichment of his family, adding some- 
thing to their joy in the things of the Lord and of His 
works. Isaiah proclaims: "Lift up your eyes on high, 
and behold who has created all these things." 

Although a study of the revelation of God in nature 
is enriching and inexhaustible, that still is not enough* 
Many live amidst its wonders but are in heathen dark- 
ness. Africa is a country replete with beauty, and its 
Victoria Falls, it is said, surpasses that of the falls 
of the Niagara. Rare orchids are lush. There are many 
birds of rare and varied species, yet the crude beat of 
the tom-tom and wails of the jungle are heard. The 
American Indian has been a student of nature, and some 
of his findings are used in the drugs of today. 

"Nature has perfection, in order to show that she is 
the image of God; and defects to show she is only His 
image," observes Pascal, the French writer and mathema- 
tician. Another has said that in nature we see the hand 
of God, but in redemption we see the heart of God* The 
following paragraph gives us a colorful description of 
the beautiful things in their season: 

"Omnipotence is in every blade of grass; the 
wooings of His love in every robin's call; divine 
purity in every lily; God's almighty cleansing 
power in every wave of the sea; a triumphal 
arch in every tree branch. I see Eternal 
Majesty, God, Omnipotence, Creator, mighty and 
magnificent, riding in a chariot of stars across 
every sky; and yet I see all heaven contained 
in a dewdrop." 

Yes, each season has its own delights; but we who 
have the joy of believing find our summation in the 
prayer expressed by the writer of the hymn: 

Great God, with wonder and with praise 

On all thy works I look; 
But still thy wisdom, power and grace 

Shine brightest in thy book. 



THE PILGRIM Zlg 



Here are my choicest treasures hid; 

Here my best comfort lies; 
Here my desires are satisfied; 

And here my hopes arise. 

Lord, make me understand thy law;. 

Show what my faults' have been; 
And from thy gospel let me draw. 

The pardon of my sin. 

— Llriam E. Hanson- 
Dayton, Ohio 



WHEN I HAVE GONE 
Philippians 1:21-23 

When I am gone, remember I T m with Jesus, 
Then do not grieve because I've paseed away. 
Life holds so many griefs and disappointments 
And will you weep because I did not stay? 

! Tis only for a spell we must be parting, - 

Not many years on earth to us are given, 

And when my Saviour tells me you are coming '.- : 

1*11 go with^Jiim and welcome you to Heaven. 

' Grieve not because the eyes that looked onyou^ 
Shall never see your mortal face on earth again-,; 
Rejoice because they look upon the Saviour,. 5 - ~ 
Who gave His life, to ransom men, t 

Weep not because I walk no longer with you. 
Remember, I am walking streets of gold. . 
Weep for yourselves that you awhile must tarry, 
Before the blessed Lord you may behold. •-.. 

Selected by Alma Garber- 



12 THE PILGRIM 



HISTORICAL 

THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY 
THROUGH THE ROMAN EMPIRE 

Although the initial missionary effort* of Christian- 
it y was to the Jews, it soon turned toward the Gentiles 
as well. There were several logical reasons for this. 
The first was the lack of acceptance by the Jewish peo- 
ple in Palestine, the very place where Jesus' ministry 
took place. It is a fact that only a minority of Jews 
were persuaded that Jesus was the Messiah. Most of 
them could not accept the idea that the Messiah had 
come to earth to die and were unwilling to believe the 
account of the resurrection. For too long the promise 
of a Messiah had been linked In the minds of the Jews 
with a national saviour, a king who would throw off the 
yoke of foreign bondage and restore Israel to its 
rightful place as first among nations in the eyes of 
God. 

A second reason for turning to the Gentiles was the 
need of these people for a religion which was soul 
satisfying, The Gentile religions of the day had 
proved to be ineffective. Man was unwilling to believe 
in myths and Idols, yet he did not have satisfying* an- 
swers to the purpose of life. Christianity provided a 
definite morality as well as universalism in the act of 
Christ dying for every man. This concept, along with 
its inherent mysticism as to how such a thing could be, 
was satisfying, especially to many of the Greeks who 
were traditionally philosophically minded, . 

The city of Antioch was the setting for the first 
mixing of Jews and Gentiles in one congregation on a 
large scale. This city had been subject to Greek 
influence, having been founded by Alexander the Great. 
Certainly here, more than in Palestine, the Jewish com- 
munity was subject to Greek influence and thus more 
readily tolerated the admission of Gentile converts. 
It was from Antioch that Paul and other Apostolic mis- 
sionaries went to Asia Minor and Greece. In Antioch 



THE PILGRIM 13 



the precedent was set for a mixture of Jews and Gentiles 
forming one congregation, the members of which were then 
known as Christians. 

As Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire 
it gradually began to take on a distinctive appearance — 
apart' from Judaism. This was true because of its uni- 
versalism. All mankind now had equal opportunity be- 
fore God. Mo longer could one family claim to be the 
chosen people of the Lord. However, the early Chris- 
tians did not completely turn away from their Jewish 
heritage. First of all, the Old Testament Scriptures 
were accepted as being the authentic word of God. Sec- 
ondly, the early Christians looked on the Gospel as the 
fulfillment of the Old Testament Scriptures, and as such 
they felt that they as Christians were the spiritual 
heirs of national Israel. This seems to be clear from 
several passages of scripture — Romans 9:6-8; Galatians 
3:7; and Philippians 3:3« This doctrine naturally 
alienated the more conservative of the Jews who were 
unconverted and along with the refusal of the early 
brethren to follow all the tenets of the Old Law caused 
sharp controversy to erupt between the Jews and Chris- 
tians. Indeed, by 100 A.D. the vast majority of Chris- 
tians were converted Gentiles. 

Considering the .antagonism which early Christians 
faced, it is a tribute to the faith of these early mem- 
bers that by the end of the second century the Gospel 
had found its way into all the provinces of the Roman 
Empire. To be sure, there were still certain areas 
which were definite strongholds of the faith. Of prime 
importance among these areas were Syria, Asia Minor 
(present day Turkey), and Greece. As we have seen, it 
was in Syria that Christianity was first accepted on a 
large scale. The other areas mentioned, of course, are 
those where Paul labored. 

Another area which was especially strong in the faith 
was Northern Africa around present day Tunisia and 
Algeria. This may seem surprising, considering that 
today the great majority of the population of this area 
is Moslem. However, at this time Mohammed had not yet 



IV " THE PILGRIM 



been born. Just how the Gospel spread to this area is 
not known. Tradition according to Eusebius holds that 
Mark went to this area \ however , we have no definite 
proof of this. 

In spite of our lack of knowledge we do know that 
the church in this part of the world had a profound 
effect on the remainder of the Church. In Acts 18:24-26 
we read of Apollos, a Jew from Alexandria, who had to be 
instructed in the faith as he seemed to have an imper- 
fect understanding. Perhaps he had not received his in- 
struction in Egypt; however, other doctrines were to 
spring from this area which were considered by a major- 
ity of the Church to be heretical. One of these is 
still held today by the Copts, The word Copt is derived 
from an Arabic word meaning Egyptian and is used in ref- 
erence to the Egyptian Christians. This sect is still 
present today and is distinct from the Greek Orthodox 
faith in that its members hold to the doctrine of mono- 
physitism. This doctrine caused dissent ion in the early 
Church as it held that the nature of Christ was a single 
being rather than being both true God and true man as a 
majority held. 

Even though other areas had more adherents, the 
Church. of Rome was destined to play an important role in 
history. . Once again we do not know exactly how the gos- 
pel was brought to this area. pa.ul T s epistle to the 
Romans speaks as though Christians were present prior to 
his arrival. Eventually Paul journeyed to that great 
city and was undoubtedly a striking force in the- growth 
of the Church there. Tradition also states that Peter 
went to Rome where he was martyred. As the imperial 
capital of the Roman Empire, the city of Rome became the 
logical headcuarters for the Church., especially later 
when Christianity became the state religion a 

Spain has a special place in the early spread of the 
gospel. In Romans 15:24 we read that Paul intended to 
journey to Spain. Some scholars feel that he may have 
made this journey. Tradition states that the Apostle 
James brought the gospel, to Spain, but there is no con- 
vincing proof of this. At first Christianity was slow 



THE PILGRIM _ 15 



to take root in Spanish soil; however , it later became 
strong enough to hold out against the Moslem invasion, 
a feat which the North African Church was unable to 
duplicate. 

It is difficult to trace the beginnings of Christian- 
ity throughout Britain, France , Germany, Switzerland, 
and Belgium. These areas are thought to have received 
the Gospel from converted Jewish, Syrian, and Greek mer- 
chants and travellers, completing the spread of Chris- 
tianity throughout the Roman Empire. 



—Glen Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California 



PRATER 

I know not by what methods rare, 
But this I know: God answers prayer, 
I know not when He sends the word 
That tells us fervent prayer is heard. 
I know it cometh soon or late 5 
Therefore we need to pray and wait, 
I know not if the blessing sought 
Will come in just the guise I thought. 
I leave my prayers with Him alone, 
Whose will is wiser than my own. 



Selected by Mary Lavy 



COMMJNION NOTICE 

The Salida Congregation have agreed, the Lord 
willing, to hold our spring Love Feast on April 4th 
and 5th of this year. A hearty invitation and welcome 
is extended to all the brethren and sisters and friends 
to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 



16 THE PILGRIM 



CHILDBEDS PAGE 

UP TO HEAVEN ACTS 1:1-12 

IDKE 24:50-53 

Would you like to fly like the birds? I .think 
everyone at some time has thought how wonderful it 
would he if they could fly. Why should we think about 
flying? Yfe don't have wings like birds.. How could we 
ever fly anyway? But one time there was someone who 
went up into the air, and He just kept going up and up 
until He couldn't be seen anymore. And who do you think 
it was? I'm sure you know that it was Jesus. Jesus , 
when He was here, did so many things that are impossible 
for us to do. 

After Jesus became alive again when He had risen 
from the dead, He was with His apostles for forty days. 
It was during this time that He taught them all about 
the Kingdom of God and what they were to do after He 
was gone. 

On the last day He was with them, He led them out 
as far as Bethany where Mary., Martha and Lazarus lived. 
This little town is on the side of a mountain which is 
called the Mount of Olives because there were many olive 
trees there. Here Jesus lifted up His hands and blessed 
His disciples and told them that they were to be His 
witnesses to the whole world. Then a wonderful thing 
happened 1 Jesus started to leave the ground, and He 
vrent up into the sky until a cloud received Him out of 
their sight. The apostles were spellbound and just kept 
looking up — even when they couldn't see Jesus any more. 
They didn't even notice e.n angel standing by them until 
he said^ "Men of Galilee, why do you keep looking into 
heaven. This same Jesus which is taken up from you into 
heaven, shall so come in like manner as you have seen 
Him goi" Sometime Jesus is coming again. Everybody 
will see Him then. . . 

QUESTIONS: 

1. What did Jesus do x^hen He went to heaven? (Mark 16:19) 

2. Do you think it will be possible for us to ever fly 
without wings like Jesus did? (I Thes, 4: 16-17) — R«C. 



THE PILGRIM 



VOL. 17 MARCH, 1970 . MO. 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 



IN TENDERNESS HE SOUGHT ME 

In tenderness He sought me. 

Weary and sick with sin, 
And on His shoulders brought me 

Back to His fold again* 
While angels in His presence sang 

Until the courts of heaven rang. 

He washed the bleeding sin-wounds, 

And poured in oil and wine; 
He whispered to assure me, 

"I^ve found thee, thou art Mine," 
I never heard a sweeter voice; 

It made my aching heart rejoice I 

He pointed to the nailprints, ' 

For me His blood was shed, 
A mocking crown so thorny, 

Was placed upon His head; 
I wondered what He saw in me, 

To suffer, such deep agony, 

I f m sitting in His presence, 

The sunshine of His face,. 
While with adoring wonder 

His blessings I retrace. 
It seems as if eternal days 

Are far too short to sound His praise. 

W. Spencer Walton 
Selected 



r . TJJf" F 7 >IL - GR,M is 8 religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publish.ng Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor Daniel F Wolf 
•ADDRESS: THE PILGRIM. ROUTE 2. BOX 874. SONORA. CALiF. 95730 

OPEN FACE 

"But we all with open face, beholding as in a glass 
the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image 
from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lard," 
(2 Corinthians 3? 18) 

V T e regard this as one of the sublime verses of the 
New Testament and one well worthy of deep study, which 
we will try to do as gem following gem is outlined in 
this wonderful revelation* 

"We all with open face" is inclusive of all true be- 
lievers from the beginning of the Gospel dispensation 
until our Lord ; s return to claim His own. They go 
through this sublime, purifying and perfecting process 
outlined in the verse under consideration, Open face I 
What a picture of expression so full of meaning to us| 

Moses, in being upon the mount 40 days, receiving the 
new tables of stone in place of the broken ones and 
being permitted to see the personage of God in backward 
view, had his face illanruvated with glory to a degree 
of brightness that the children of Israel could not 
look upon him. And perhaps because of sin "their minds 
were blinded: for until this day rp-maineth the same 
vail untaken away in reading of the Old Testament; 
Wiich vail is done away in Christy 1 (2 Corinthians 
3? 14) The vail remains upon all those people who do 
not accept Christ. (2 Corinthians 3*14) 

The open face is free of the vail of obscurity as 
verse 18 outlines. To all true Christians is given the 
Holy Spirit, the divine Interpret sr of the Holy Word of 
God* The open face enlightened by faith y hope, and 
charity is keenly aw^re of conditions that are in oppo- 
sition to God. The open face is for the pure in heart 
who come under the blessings of God. 

Jesus, the light of the world, came to us on earth 
with His glory subdued but shining through by His man- 
ifestations of mighty power. the blessings of the 



THE PILGRIM. 



open face I For God has. arranged to temper the glory we 
may behold, being made free from the bondage of sin. 
(Galatians 4:3, 4, 5) 

Our outlook of the open face: our understanding 
opened (Luke 24:45); our vision cleared t>y the hearing 
of faith (Galatians 3:2); the eyes of our understanding 
being opened .(Ephesians 1:18); all this is contained in 
the open face conditioned for beholding. 

Blessed are those of open face. 

To understand the works of grace , 
To comprehend the breadth and length 

And depth and height of God our strength. 

That draws us closer unto Him; 

The love of God that will not dim, 
And points unto the narrow way 

Of God our help and guide and stay. 

Open to see the shining light 
And things revealed beyond our sight, 

Enraptured with all promise true, 
Descending as the morning dew. 

Open to help in kindest ways, 
To those with gloomy cheerless days; 

To bear the burdens of the weak, 
Give cheer to those whose lives are bleak. 

The open, honest, kindly face, 

Content to be in lowly place, 
Reflecting subdued beams of light, 

And standing ever for the right. 

The open face beholding clear, 

Cf duty's way and will not fear 
To walk in dark and stormy way 

To joys ahead in perfect day. 



THE PILGRIM 



Then let us be of open face, 
The chosen of God's holy race] 

Let others see .the -witness true 5 
Prepare for home beyond the blue. 

•For time .will close and witness done, 
Then home beyond the setting sun; 

The open face of God on high, 
May welcome. us beyond the sky. 

— J, I; Cover 

Sonera, California 

(This is the first in a series of articles on this 
theme . Next : , :! BEHOLDING*' ") ' 



AND HE SAW, AND BELIEVED 



This is the record the Apostle John wrote of' his own 
convictions when, he sai¥ the empty tomb of Jesws* John, 
as much as any, had been -a witness of the treacherous 
arrest, trial and crucifixion of his fester. Though he 
forsook the Lord at His- arrest, the record says that he 
and Peter followed and gained admittance to. the very 
palace of the high priest whc:?e Jesus was vv.von, and he 
wist have heard His trials --John was one who ^oood at 
the cross and saw the intense suffering and adggjiish of 
Christ when the Father forsook Hiia and Ho said i! Ib is 
finished 15 and bowed His head and gave up the ghost, 
John was certain of Jesus 1 death, 

Thomas may also have been a witness of this awful 
scene-, He is not mentioned as one of those at the 
cross j. but he evidently at lead had seen the open 
wounds—in His hands, holes -the size of fingers, and 
in His side , a spear wound into which one could thrust 
a whole band. 

To see someone die] especially to die a violent 
death, makes a vivid impression on anyone, We do not 
easily forget such a aight. And Thomas was one who 



THE PILGRIM 



remembered the positive , awful death of this wonderful 
Jesus. Thomas loved his Lord. He is the one who spoke 
out when Jesus decided to return to Judea where His life 
had been threatened. He told the other disciples, "Let 
us also go, that we may die' with- him." There they saw 
Jesus raise Lazarus from the dead. Thomas knew of His 
miracles. But this was different* Kow Jesus Himself 
was dead. And when the other disciples told him they 
had seen the Lord alive , he replied, "Except I shall see 
in his hands the print of the nails , and put my finger 
into the print of the nails , and thrust my hand into his 
side, I will not believe." He wanted positive proof. 

When Jesus appeared to His disciples the next time, 
Thomas was there. Jesus gave him the opportunity to 
examine His wounds > and Thomas answered Him, "My Lord 
and my God." Jesus 1 words to him contain a blessing for 
us. "Thomas J because ..thou hast- seen me, thou hast be- 
lieved: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet 
have believed." 

Belief and doubt are opposite s. Respecting the truth 
and God's witness, belief is a characteristic of Chris- 
tians, and doubt of those who will not accept Christ. 
Some people are harder to convince and some are hindered 
by pre-conceived ideas. Some of us are familiar with 
the story of the well-meaning old brother discussing a 
point of church history with another brother. When 
- shown the actual record that proved his statements were 
mistaken, he replied, "Well, now it's just a question!" 
Even when he was shown and proven in error he still 
* clung to his own idea. Sometimes we are like this, but 
it is not good. We must be ready to accept evidence and 
believe. Jesus told Thomas, ". . .be not faithless, 
but believing." 

We have a completed record of the life, death, and 
resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. We have no ex- 
cuse to doubt. We have testimony from the very ones 
who saw Him. The Apostle John who saw and believed has 
much to say concerning the truth, the fulfilling of the 
scriptures, and the genuine signs that Jesus is the Son 
of God. He closes chapter 20 with this convincing 



THE PILGRIM 



statement: "And many- other signs truly did Jesus in the 
presence of his disciples, which are not written in this 
book: But these are written, that ye might believe that 
Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing 
ye might, have life through his name." — L.C. 



THE MEANING OF THE CROSS 



John Wesley, the founder of the Methodist Church, was 
walking one day with a man who was frustrated. Just 
then Wesley saw a cow looking over a stone wall. He 
asked, "Do you know why that cow is looking over the 
wall?" "No," said the worried man, Wesley said, "The 
cow is looking over the wall because she can't see 
through it .. " 

God ! s plan of salvation is a paradox to an unbeliever. 
Human reasoning alone can't see through it. How a holy 
and just God can forgive and save evil men can only be 
understood by locking tiv&b the wall' of logic to a loving 
and merciful heaven^ Father, The Bible says, "Bit the 
natural nan recaiveth not the things of the Spirit of 
God: tor they are foolishness unto him: neither can he 
know them, because they are spiritually discerned. But 
he that is spiritual judgeth all things, y&t he himself 
Is judged, of no man," (1 Corinthians 2fl4~lf*) 

To understand how one is sa\;ed, you must see the pur- 
pose of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christy The 
\postle Peter says, "Christ . , , once suffered for sins^ 
Lhe just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God." 
(it Peter 3:13) 

There could be no salvation were it not for Calvary's 
cross The Bible declares. ''Forasmuch as ;ye know that 
ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver 
and gold, from your vain conve:\iciion received by tradi- 
tion from your fathers; but with the precious blood of 
Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot." 
(1 Peter 1:18-19) 

When a person studies the plan of salvation, he en- 
counters the term "justification." What does it mean to 



THE PILGRIM 



be justified? Vindicated, by faith in Christ. When' we 
trust in Mm, .we. are released from the guilt of sin. 

The term "justify" is a figure taken from the law ■ 
court and used by. the". Bible to explain God's plan to ■ 
redeem us. A man stands in God's court of justice'. He 
is guilty; he has broken the divine law. God is his 
Judge . 

In any court, the function of the judge is to pro- 
nounce the accused either innocent or guilty in accord- 
ance with the evidence presented , using the law as 
standard. The judge doesn't make k man either innocent 
or guilty; all he can do is declare him thus in accord- 
ance with his findings. 

Now we know that when we are judged by God's perfect 
standard of righteousness, we are all found guilty. 
The Bible says, "All have sinned and come short of the 
glory of God." (Romans 3r23) 

So technically, God the Judge should condemn us all* 
But here is the paradox. God justifies the ungodly if ; 
they have faith. "His faith is counted for righteous- 
ness." (Romans 4:5) 

The Lord, by a gracious act, declares every believer 
in Christ to have a perfect standing in His kingdom. 
This is the grace of God. It is made possible by the 
death and resurrection of Christ for us. 

John Ruskin was once shown a very costly handker- 
chief on which was a blot of ink. The owner said,' 
"Nothing can be done with it now, It is absolutely 
worthless," 

Without saying anything, Ruskin took the handker- 
chief with him. Sometime later he sent it back. To 
the owner* s great surprise, Ruskin had made an artistic 
design with India ink, using the ugly blot as the cen- 
ter. He made the worthless handkerchief valuable. 

In the same way, God takes a blotted life that is 
yielded to Him, and redeems and uses it. The blood of 
Christ cleanseth from all sin. By God's grace the sin- 
ner is vindicated — made right with God.. 

More than nineteen hundred years ago, men gazed on 
the grimmest tragedy ever set on the stage of human 



•8 THE PILGRIM 



history* A, stark cross was lifted up against an eastern 
j skj with a man dying on it. The innocent /Son of God' 
,hung there in torture and agony. On either side of Him 
a thief was dying a similar death. Surrounding Christ 
was a mocking., jeering mob* To the faithful few -who had 
followed Jesus, , failure and defeat never seemed more v 
complete,, ... ..*•:-. 

But the death of Christ was not tragedy^, it was" not 
failure , -but success. The Bible says, "Now once in the 
end of .the -world hath he (Jesus) appeared to put "away 
sin by the sacrifice of himself J 1 (Hebrews 9:26) "The 
Son , of man-, came .., . . to give his life a ransom for 
many. K (Mark 10:45) " ; ' '. '*' ;V 

Lionel',. Fletcher, the Australian .evangelist, related 
an incident cf his boyhood, which illustrates why Je^us 
dled : . , "Hearing a great commotion in the farmyard, he 
ran there and found a hen being savagely attacked by a 
hawk.. He was too late to save her, for she soon suc- 
cumbed to her wounds, why h*d she not fled to the safe- 
ty .cf the barn with the oth^-r hens? This was apparent 
when from under her wings there emerged a number of 
little, chicks- -and lol en each was blood, the -blood of 
the mother-love that sacrificed itself for their sal- 
vation," 

This illustrates why Jesus died. He gave Mis life in 
our stead. .The Bible says, "Who his own self bare our 
sins in his own body on the tree/ that ve, being dead to 
sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes 
ye were healed," (1 Peter 2t2k) 

While Christ died for the sins of the whole world, so 
; .hat potentially all can bo saved, yet the redemptive 
v-ork of Christ only becomes effective to those who ac- 
cept .Him, 'There is a condition to be met-, We are jus~ 
tified by faith. God by grace g:-.ves; we by faith accept* 

"In 3.C29 George Wilson, in Pennsylvania, was sen- 
tenced to be hanged by a United States court for robbing 
the mails and for murder, President Andrew Jackson 
»rote a pardon for him but Wilson refused it and in- 
sisted that it was not pardon unless he accepted it. 
That was a point of law never before raised, and the 
president called the Supreme Court to decide. 



THE PILGRIM 



"Chief Justice John Marshall gave the following de- 
cision: \A pardon is a. pa per, the value of which de- 
pends upon its acceptance by the person implicated. It 
is hardly to be supposed that one under .sentence of 
death would refuse to accept a pardon, but if it is re- 
fused, it is no pardon. George Wilson must be hanged. 1 
And he was hanged," 

The Bible -says, "The gift of God is eternal life 
through Jesus Christ our Lord." (Romans 6:23) But the 
offering of a gift doesn't make it yours until you, ac- 
cept it. Jesus Christ is a Savior, but you must accept 
Him- before He becomes your Savior, 

Jesus died for your sins. He paid for them in full. 
He said, "Him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast 
out." (John 6:37) Now He beckons you to open your heart 
in faith and repentance and appropriate His gift of 
eternal life. Won ! t you do it now? 



By B. Charles Hostetter 
in the "Gospel Herald" 



FEET" WASHING 

In John 13 the Apostle states the time, place, and 
purpose of feet washing. Vto.-se one says the time of the 
service was "before" the feast of the Passover. And the 
feet washing service occurred before the Supper. Verse 
two says the supper was ended (that is, the preparation 
was ended) , for m verse 26 we find that Jesus was eat- 
ing with His disciples (end this was after He had washed 
their feet). The purpose for the feet washing was un- 
doubtedly to add new dimensions to the disciples' Chris- 
tian life. 

Critics contend that feet washing was an ancient cus- 
tom. When we read Genesis 18:4, we find that Abraham 
commanded that water be brought, and that his guests 
wash their own feet. Genesis 19 tells how Lot enter- . 
tained the two angels and gave them water to wash their 
feet. Likewise when Joseph's brothers were brought into 



10- i ..THE. PILGRIM 



his presence (Genesis 43:24)* they were given water to 
wash their feet. These Scriptures portray to us the 
ancient custom. Jesus (being Lord and Master) went be- 
yond custom _, and took upon Himself the function .of a 
slave (1 Samuel 25:41) and poured water into a bason and 
began to wash the disciples' feet. When He came to 
Peter^ "Peter opposed Him^ feeling that he was unworthy 
to" have his Lord stoop to wash his feet. Jesus however 
convinced Peter of the necessity of this service 9 for 
without it Jesus said_, "You can have no part with me. 1 ' 
Peter -then went to the other extreme and requested that 
also his hands and his head be washed, Jesus replied by 
■stating that those who are washed (baptised) need only 
to have their feet \\rashed, And thus we see that this 
was an altogether new experience for Christ's disciples. 

To bow dov;n and wash another's feet is humiliating., 
and this was exactly what the disciples of our Lord 
needed. We need to do the same thing today > for we as 
they 5 are more inclined to be above others than to be 
below them., The disciples had just shortly before this 
disputed which one of them should be the greatest (Mark 
9:34; Luke 22:34). Therefore there was need for a ser- 
vice that would bring them, all on one level. And just 
so ; there is still a need that we consider ourselves as 
brethren on one common level. The feet washing service 
helps, us. to do just this,., and thus prepares us to par- 
take; of the Supper and the Communion which follow. 



■by Graybill Hershey 
in "Bible Helps 11 



THE LOVE FEAST 

It is the solemn twilight hourj 

And on the evening air 
Each drowsy bird and wildwood flower 

Is -whispering a prayer, 



THE PILGRIM 11 



We gather in from vale and hill 

Around the festal board^ 
And in the holy quiet we xill 

The tables of the Lord 

The soft lamplight upon us falls; 

Our voice in song we raise; 
In throbbing surges, from these walls 

Rolls up our hymn of praise. 

We pause a moment while each head 

Is bowed before the Lord, 
And then we hear a story read 

From out His holy Word. 

Each time 'tis read, it seems more sweet; 

Its meaning deeper felt; 
How, as He washed His followers feet, 

The Teacher 'mid them knelt. 

No humbler service could we do; 

No simpler homage pay. 
As. with a heart and purpose true, 

His bidding we obey. 

With us are men whose hair is white; 

Life's storms have o'er them beat; 
Yet, calm, serene, they stoop tonight 

To wash their brothers 1 feet. 

A simple meal before us spread 

Our supper now srall be; 
Upon such humble tar^ He red 

In ancient. Galilee, 

Our duties., 'neath tomorrow's sun, 

In various planes shall fall; 
But as we eat tonight, each one 

The brother is of all. 

Each to. each others heart is knit 

For the dear Savior's sake; 
Oh I may, as we together sit, 

The circle never break. 

Many we love have gone to wait 

Far. far beyond the stars, 
Tonight we almost see the gate 

That hides their land from ours. 

Continued on page 15 



12 -" THE PILGRIM' - 



HISTORICAL- 
CHRISTIANITY OUTSIDE THE ROMAN EMPIRE 
(TO 500 AH) 

While there are fairly good accounts of the spread 
of Christianity through the Roman Empire beginning with 
that recorded in the Acts, of '■ the Apostles, little is 
known about the early beginnings, of the Church in the 
rest of the world* Outside of the small amount' that 
the Bible has recorded, it is not even known with cer- 
tainty where the Apostles preached. 

According to tradition handed down through' the cen- 
turies, Andrew went to Scythia— -the borderland between 
Asia and Europe in what. is now Russia, He is also sup- 
posed to have preached in Greece and Asia Minor (Turkey), 
Thomas is thought to have gone to India and Matthew to 
Ethiopia. Bartholomew supposedly concentrated his 
missionary efforts in Arabia, but some think. he may 
have gone to Armenia and parts of India as well, 
Matthias > the man elected to fill the place 'of Judas, 
may have gone to Ethiopia. 

Just as Aiitioeh served as a starting point for the 
spread of the gospel throughout the Roman Empire, it 
likewise sent missionaries eastward outside' the con- 
fines of the Roman Empire ♦ Edessa, which was to become 
important during, the Crusades^, was the, first major city 
to receive the gospel as it spread eastward* From 
there it flowed into Mesopotamia where (as in the Roman 
Empire) most of the old religions were disintegrating. 
Initially the expansion in. this area was rapid, How- 
ever, it soon began to meet stiff opposition from the 
adherents of Zoroastrianism, a religion which had its 
beginnings in Central Asia. Consequently, many con- 
gregations were small* Even so, Christianity managed 
to exist in this area until Ccnstantine espoused 
Christianity in Rome. In doing this he aligned the 
Roman Empire on the side of Christianity, giving it 
political overtones as well as the religious doctrines. 

The cause of Christianity in Persia was dealt a 
severe blow when Constantine sent a letter to the 



.THE PILGRIM 13, 



Persian king vowing to protect all Christians. While 
pressures against Christians in Persia had been severe, 
they now became almost intolerable. The kings of- ::'f. 
Persia felt that Constant ine would use protection of 
the Christians as an excuse to conquer Persia, The 
fact that Christianity was able to survive in Persia 
at all was due to complete disavowal by its members of 
any connection with Rome. 

The ties of Persian Christianity with that of Rome 
were effectively severed when the Persian Christians 
accepted the doctrines of Nesterianism. These were 
promoted by a bishop of Constantinople who held that 
the nature of Christ as man and God were inseparable 
and as such it was proper to call Mary the Mother of 
Christ— but not the Mother of God. This was bordering 
on blasphemy according to the Roman Church (by the 
fifth century when it became popular). However, be- 
cause it separated Persian from Roman Christians , it 
allowed the spark of Christianity to survive in Central 
Asia, 

Another area which received Christianity early was 
Armenia c Tradition states that Bartholomew and Andrew 
labored in this area. While this is uncertain, it Is 
known that "Armenia was thk first country to adopt 
Christianity as its state religion. Credit for con- 
version of this country is usually given to Gregory the 
Illuminator, who with the support of King Trodt was 
able to win most of the people to Christianity. 

This conversion was primarily a transformation from 
the old religion of the country. The people continued 
to worship in the same churches, using the same priests 
and honoring the same shrines, The main difference was 
that the things which had been attributed to the old 
gods were now attributed to Christ, 

From Armenia the gospel spread naturally Into neigh- 
boring Georgia, Thus it was that Christianity first 
established a firm foothold in what is now the Union of 
Soviet Socialist Republics 9 However, as was the case 
with the Persian Church, the Armenian Church broke with 
the Roman Church early in the fifth century. 



— 



14 ; ' •- -■ THE PILGRIM 



The other areas in which the gospel was first 
preached outside the Roman Empire were Arabia and- India. 
There is a great deal* of confusion about these two areas 
as the Southern Arabian Peninsula" was often deferred to 
as India during this time. Fhile tradition indicates 
that' Bartholomew labored in India and Arabia, it may- 
have been referring to the same place, namely the 
Arabian peninsula as a whole. Certainly it is known 
that a minority of the inhabitants of Arabia had been 
converted by the third century, 

Concerning India, it is felt that the gospel must 
have come over land via the trade routes with the mer- 
chants' and travellers. It may be that the gospel was 
first" brought to this area by Thomas, as tradition and 
many Indian Christians maintain. However, there is no 
proof of this, 

thus, after the first 500 years Christianity had made 
great strides in its spread over the world. In addition 
Lo becoming the official religion of the Reman Empire, 
it had become the state religion of Armenia and was be- 
ginning its s oread northward. It also had managed to 
survive intense persecution in Persia and Central Asia. 
Certainly it had reached Arabia and India, although its 
adherents remained in the minority in these regions. 

While this is the spread of Christianity as recorded 
by history 3 Paul writes.'-.' to the Colossians of " i . „ the 
gospel, which fe have heard* and 'which was preached to 
every creature which is under heaven . . ." (Colossians 
1:23), Certainly he must have felt that there .was ample 
opportunity for mankind to accept the gospel even at 
that early ; period of Church history. 

—Glen Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California 



COMMUNION NOTICE 
The Sail da Congregation have agreed, the Lord willing, 
to. hold our spring Love Feast on April 4th and 5th of 
this year. A hearty invitation and welcome is extended 

to all- —Daniel F. Wolf 



THE PILGRIM 15 



CUR GETHSEMANE 

To each of us there comes a time 

L^lcR f bSlSlnI9 a lart like the Saviour will say 
Father, take this cup from me. 

Although our friends may not leave us then 

Like Peter. James and John 

In Gethsemane they seem far away 

And we must travel alone. 

Alone with our burden! no, not alone 
God ! s Angels are hovering near 
And as they upheld the suffering Lord 
The cross they 1 11 help us to bear. 

And although the last bitter drop we must drink 
With a heart all wounded and sore 
He will be our help, our hope and our strength 
Until peace comes to our hearts once more, 

— Annie Baker 



Continued from page 11 

The story once again is told 

Of how He bled and died 
To bring us ? straying from His fold, 

Back to the Father's side. 

Then, with our thoughts on Calvary 
As He was suffering there, 

In reverent, loving memory 
The bread and cup we share. 

And, sitting in this heavenly place, 
We think beyond the years 

When we shall see our Father 1 s face, 
And He shall dry our tears. 

Reluctant from this house to go, 

We linger yet in prayer 
While nature 1 s vespers, soft and low. 

Come on the cool night air. 

— by David W. Lehigh 
in "Bible Helps" 



16 . . ■ - . - "THE PILGRIM 



CHILDREN'S PAGE 
Wsim AND COMPORT FROM GOD , 

Do you like to know what is true and right? Some 
people do not know, but there is a way that anyone can 
know the truth. Before He died on the cross Jesus said 
to His disciples, "If you love me, keep my commandments* 
And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another 
Comforter, that He may abide with you forever; even the 
Spirit of Truth." . 

After* He had risen and was alive again, Jesus told 
His disciples to wait. in. Jerusalem until they were given 
power from on high. So when Jesus had gone back to 
heaven the disciples waited in Jerusalem as Jesus had 
commanded theiru 

On a certain day called Pentecost the disciples were 
all together in one place. There were about an hundred 
and twenty. All at once there was a sound like they had 
never heard before. The Bible says it came from heaven 
like a rushing, mighty wind. It filled the house where 
they were gathered together, and there appeared flames 
of fire that rested on each of them, The disciples were 
all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in 
other languages. At this time there wore people from 
many foreign countries at Jerusalem, and they spoke many 
different, languages- But a strange thing happened™ 
every man heard the disciples speak in his own native 
tongue the wonderful works of God: All about Jesus and 
how He was the Son of God and died so that everyone 
could go to heaven and be happy always — if 'they would 
only do whet Jesu6 said* 

If you want* to have peace end comfort in your heart 
and know what is good and true and ri^ht, Svudy the 
Bible and learn to love Jesus and keep His commandments* 
Then you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. We 
cannot see the Holy Spirit, but we can feel His power. 
Jesus said, "He will guide you into all truth." 

—Rudolph Cover 



THE PILGRIM 



VOL. 17 APRIL, 1970 NO. 4 



"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 



HE'LL UNDERSTAND AND SAY "WELL DONE" 

If when you give the best of your service,, 
Telling the world that the Saviour is come; 
Be not dismayed when men don't believe you, 
He understands; He* 11 say, "Well done." 

Misunderstood, the Saviour of sinners. 
Hung on the cross; He was God's only Son; 
Ohl hear Him call His Father in heaven 
"Let not my will, but Thine be done*" 

If when this life of labor is ended, 
.And the reward of the race you have run; 
Ohl take the sweet rest prepared for the faithful, 
Will be His blest, and final, "Well done." 

But if you try and fail in your trying, 
Hands sore and scarred from the work you've begun; 
Take up your crosB, run quickly to meet Kim, 
He f ll understand, He 1 11 say, "Well done." 

Oh, when I come to the end of my journey, 
Weary of life and the battle is won; 
Carrying the staff and the cross of redemption, 
He'll understand and say "Well done." 

— Lucy E. Campbell 

From "New Songs of Inspiration" 



THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request- Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F, Wolf. 
ADDRESS: THE PILGRIM, ROUTE 2, BOX 874. SONORA, CALIF. 95730 



PART II: BEHOLDING 

"But we all, with open face ^holding as in a glass 
the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image 
from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the 
Lord J 1 (2 Corinthians 3: IS) 

How wonderful is the precious gift of beholding! We 
see on every hand the wonders of creation, and to know 
all we see is made after the divine pattern, the blue- 
print of glory, by the Divine Architect, Builder, and 
Maker . 

We see in. the field of print and by reading behold 
the visions therein revealed, which faith transforms 
into reality of proportion and design. 

Also we hear words, that although natural sight may 
be blighted, yet vision of the. soul need not be im- 
paired so that, with the handicap of natural sight be- 
ing gone, can still function, and the eyes of our un- 
derstanding animated by i'ai.th can still be the gateway 
for the km&h bo enter and stimulate the work of grace 
in the heai t. 

■ -A disease that can affect the eyes of our under- 
standing ifj possible as we read: "But if our gospel 
be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the 
god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which 
believe no.t, lest the light of the glorious gospel of 
Christ, \:ho is the image of God, should shine unto 
them," (2 Corinthians ks$j k) "But he that lacketh 
these things is blind, and cannot _see_ £^<*rj>ff > anc * 
hath forgotten' that he was purged from his old sins." 
(2 Peter 1:9) 

"Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with 
goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that 
thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, 
and naked: ,1 counsel" thee to buy of me gold tried in 
the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, 



THE PILGRIM 



that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy 
nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with 
eye salve , that thou mayest see." (Revelations 3:17, 18) 

This condition of impaired vision can affect be- 
lievers and unbelievers , but it is wonderful that- there 
is a remedy. 

It takes Jesus to open the understanding and cause 
those blinded eyes to see (Luke 24:45), and seeing is 
part of the "open face" time Christians have that en- 
ables them to behold as in a glass the glory of the 
Lord. 

We need not then allow anything to dim our vision of 
beholding ^ for God has amply provided that we may clean- 
ly see as we readr "For the invisible things of Him 
from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being 
understood by the things that are made, even His eter- 
nal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: 
because that, when they knew God, they glorified Him 
not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in 
their imaginations, and their foolish heart was dark- 
ened." (Romans 1:20, 21) 

"The things that are made" in creation, by us be- 
holding and believing in the eternal power and Godhead 
of our Creator, increases our faith and trust in Him. 
And we can clearly see and understand that as there are 
so many things manifest to our eyes and that by so many 
things not seen by the natural eyes, yet by aid of a 
microscope the invisible world is partly opened up. So 
we also behold many things by faith in our Creator that 
are not revealed by sight. "For we walk by faith, not 
by sight." (2 Corinthians 5:?) "The commandment of God 
is pure enlightening the eyes." (Psalm 19:8) 

One of the results of obedience is to know, as "If 
any man will do His will he shall know of the doctrine, 
whether it be of God or whether I speak of myself." 
(John 7:17) What a wonderful aid to our understanding! 
How it enlightens our eyes I To know God's word is true 
and from God quickens our intellect, for here is infor- 
mation we can depend on — directions that are a safe 
guide to life eternal. And we discover that with every 



4 THE PILGRIM 



commandment is also a "promise that we' can verify. 
"Godliness, is profitable unto all things, having, pro- 
mise of "the life that now is, and of that which is to 
come." (1 Timothy 4:8) 

So believing in the almighty power of God, He has 
provided a wonderful Instrument to aid in beholding, 

A vision clear that in beholding 

We have no fear, His ways unfolding; 
The power to see, and understanding, 

The way to be for happy landing* 

wondrous power that He has given, 

In happy hour see way to heaven; 
Increasing hope our going lighter, 

No need to grope ^ our 'pathway brighter. 

G happy scene for travel going, 

The vail between, but surely knowing 
God T s hand will guide ^ and showers of blessing, 

Close by His side and kind caressing. 

The way to see, His track be knowing, 
To be made free, the prospect glowing, 

Of going home to be forever , 

No more to roam across the river. 

Through stormy way of cloud and thunder, • 
To perfect day, and land of wonder; ■ - 

This prospect grand, this overcoming, 
Faithful to stand till we be homing. 

Kay God be praised for this grand viewing, 

' Our spirits raised by gladly doing; 
His footsteps view, His way of travel, 
Till all made new, life's skein unravel. 

Then walk by faith the way appearing, 
For life—not death — we may be nearing 

The open gate across the river; 

The glorious fate, to live forever. 

— J. I. Cover, Sonora, California 



THE PILGRIM 



EDITORIAL ... 

Our country has recently taken., the 1970 census. 
This counting will reveal many interesting fa'cts such- 
as population increase, average ages, and' military po- 
tential. We think of the numbering of the Israelites 
when they came out of Egypt and at various times later 
as " they became a world power. It seems that the pri- 
mary purpose for taking the census in Israel was to de- 
termine military potential. In fact, the numbering was 
only of those who could bear arms: "from twenty years 
old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in 
Israel." 

From this numbering in ancient times, the leaders 
would know how many men they could put on the battle 
field to meet their enemy forces. They depended on 
their numbers to a large extent. But this was not al- 
ways pleasing to God. Once when David sent Joab to 
number the nation, it was actually at the suggestion 
of Satan* (1 Chronicles 21:1) David had to repent of 
it, and it cost the lives of 70,000 men in Israel. 

The scriptures abound in examples of God's displeas- 
ure at man's trusting In his own strength. Isaiah 31:1 
says, "Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and 
stay en horses, and trust in chariots, because they are 
many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; 
but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither 
seek the LordI" Jeremiah 17:5 says, "Thus saith the 
Lord; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and 
maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from 
the Lord." To ."make flesh his arm" is to trust in man 
and horses for an "arm 11 of deliverance. 

One good example of the way God can work if men 
trust Him and not themselves is the case of Gideon 
against the Midianites. These people had overrun Is- 
rael, conauered them and spoiled them of food and pos- 
sessions. The Lord called on Gideon to step out as a 
leader against the invaders and promised to give him 
victory. Gideon raised an army of 32,000 men, and it 
still seemed too few against the host of the enemy* 



THE PILGRIM 



But God told Gideon there were too many " lest Israel 
vaunt themselves against me, saying , Line -own hand hath 



saved me, 



"First Gideon was to invite all the fearful to go 
back. This army must have been disheartened with for- 
mer defeats and the seeming hopelessness of victory, for 
22,000 men went home. But the 10,000 that were unafraid 
were still too many. The Lord gave Gideon a simple test 
of the way the men drank water to select out 300 for the 
"coming battle . Perhaps any of the 10,000 who were un- 
afraid would have been qualified for the Lord to use. 
Some believe that the way the men drank showed the ones 
who- were most alert and watchful, Whatever the reason 
for this test, the coming victory was not going to de- 
pend on the strength of men but on God and His might 
and upon the absolute trust and obedience of the 300 
chosen 'men. That night God delivered that host of 
Midianites into the hands- of the 300 armed with trum- 
pets and lanterns. The Midianites even slew each other 
in their haste to escape from what they thought was a 
mighty host, 

God has not changed -today. Sometimes we think that 
the followers of Jesus are "few and far between" and 
■perhaps this -is true. A census taken of the true chil- 
dren 'of -God rrrgb.t show an insignificant number compared 
to- the ho'st of unbelievers. But it is only when we 
trust in our own strength that we are weak and incapable 
of progress. If we really trust the Lord's power and 
rely on Him for every battle with the adversary, we 
will be victorious. As one brother put it, we should 
let God go before and we unite behind Him and see what 
happens. Vie will make progress even if it be -only pro- 
gress in our own lives to bring us nearer to the Cross 
of Calvary, 

The apostle Paul says in a seeming paradox: "When 
I am weak, then am I strong.". In the words of Jesus to 
Paul:, "My' strength is made perfect in weakness." His 
strength is perfect in our weakness. — L.C. 



THE PILGRIM 



"Come now, and let us reason together, saith the 
Lord: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as 
white as snow; though they be red like crimson/ they 
shall be as wool." (Isaiah 1:18) 

In the wee hours of the morning I had wakened from 
sleep and was lying there wishing for sleep to come 
again. The cares of the past days kept trying to creep 
into my mind and were only making me more wakeful. 

The snow from the past several days still lay on the 
ground and had been getting dirty and full of foot 
prints where children had played. As I lay* there -try- 
ing to relax I pulled back the shade and looked out. 
The air was full of large snowf lakes falling gently to 
the ground. I looked, and here all the foot prints and- 
dirt was blotted out by the snow. Not one foot print f 
marred the beautiful white blanket which covered all 
the ground. 

Then the thought struck me with great force, "That's 
how the blood of Jesus can take sin-cursed man and blot 
out his sins and make a new creature of him. He can 
blot them out completely and remember them against him 
no more." 

Just as surely as those foot prints were blotted out 
by the snow, so our sins can be blotted out by the 
blood Jesus shed. l T hat a wonderful plan of Salvation 
God has planned for mankind! Can't we accept it? Then 
we can truly sing, "Now wash me and I shall be whiter 
than snow." 

— Elma Moss 

Greenville, Ohio 



BIRTHS 

MARTIN— A daughter, Laurel Joan, born to David and 
Mary Ann Martin of Dalton, Ohio on April 5th. 

COVER— A son, Peter Daniel, born to Leslie and Martha 
Cover of Sonora, California on April 10th. 



THE PILGRIM 



THROUGH THE EYE OF A NEEDLE ; 

"G^ntlemen^ gentlemen:" Cornells van Veer was ad- . 
dressing a group of men sitting around a. table in the: 
meeting chamber of the cloth merchant's hall. The men 
were well dressedy with coats richly trimmed in fur. 
They wore stiff ] white ruffled collars, 

"You probably wonder why I have called this special, 
meeting*," he continued. "Lenaert Plovier has refused to 
be cloth appraiser for us." 

"What I Why?" A murmur of surprise went around the 
table. 

"I* talked to Lenaert yesterday/' Comelis explained. 
"I told him we had re-elected him to be appraiser of 
woolen cloths, He said he couldn't , because of some- 
thing about 'knowledge of the truth, V When I pressed 
him for a clearer answer, he said that he would not take 
the oath of office to be appraiser again. He said it 
was against Jesus' teachings to swear any kind of oath. 
Sounds like Anabaptisrr^ doesn't it?" 

"Yes, it does/ 1 said an old man with heavy gold rings 
on his fingers, "But who else can we get for appraiser?' 

"That's just it. There isn't anyone else whom all 
the cloth merchants will trusty" said Cornells. 

"Well. I have known Lenaert since he was a boy," 
mused the old merchant. "Let's see. He must be about 
thirty-one now, That's certainly past the rashest stage 
of youth P We know his parents here in.Meenen, His 
father-in-law is a prominent man. Lenaert has .a pros- ■ 
parous woolen business. With his position of respect 
m the community and his family of four children, 
Lenaert has much to lose for the sake of this sect. 
Perhaps we can persuade him otherwise - " 

"I know Lenaert is honest > " remarked another merchant* 
"I don : t care whether he takes the oath of office or 
not, I can trust him. Let's ask him to stay on without 
being sworn in," 

That is what they finally persuaded Lenaert to do. 
But when the merchants went to the city hall to register 
Lenaert without swearing an oath, the bailiff became 



THE PILGRIM 



suspicious, He refused such a registration, and, of 
course, the authorities were informed. 

Because of the influence of Lenaert ! s family in 
Meenen, the inquisition made no drastic move against 
him. A man would merely stand outside his place of '_ * 
business, writing down the names of those who went in 
and out. Naturally, this had an adverse effect on 
trade. After awhile rival merchants found it trouble- 
some to have an Anabaptist among them, and the way was 
opened for the authorities to act, Lenaert had to 
leave Me en en in Flanders and go into hiding.' 

Later Lenaert started a cloth business in Antwerp. 
His wife> who still did not believe, and his children 
lived with him there about one year. Deciding that 
Antwerp was not really safe enough, he sent his family 
on to Friesland in the north. He planned to go there 
later when he had wound up his business in Antwerp. 

Since at that time Antwerp was a city with many Ana- 
baptists j there were many Anabaptist catchers there , 
too. Before Lenaert left for Friesland, he met such a 
band of Anabaptist catchers led by the margrave. When 
they asked Lenaert if he had a New Testament with him, 
he honestly replied, "Yes." So they knew they had 
caught an Anabaptist. They imprisoned him in the cas- 
tle in Antwerp known as "The Stone." 

Lenaert' s rich parents and father-in-law, who were 
still unconverted , hurried from Keenen to Antwerp when 
they got the news that he was imprisoned. His mother 
even spent several nights in the prison with him. The 
father-in-law tried to bribe the margrave to say that 
Lenaert was not under his jurisdiction because he had 
lived in Antwerp only a year. 

But the margrave was just as dishonest as the father- 
in-law. With pretended sympathy he sent the relatives 
home, saying that Lenaert would soon be released and 
follow them. 

Once they were gone, the questioning process was 
treacherously rushed up. But Lenaert continued in his 
determination to be true to God, So shortly after his 
parents left, he was furtively executed along with two 



10 . ■ ■ THE PILGRIM 



faithful young women, Janneken Eghels and Maeyken da 
Hont. It was in the dead of the night on April 4, 1560. 
They were put into bags and drowned in wine barrels full 
of water. Some brethren, who listened secretly outside 
the castle gate, testified that these three, -passed 
faithfully through the wine barrels into eternal life. 

How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the 
kingdom of Godi 

The full story and two excellent letters are found on 
pages 640-643 of the Martyrs/ M^ror* 

By James W. Lowry 
Selected from "The Pearl of 
Great Price" 



MY PROMISE 

Hear the promise, I am with you, 
AiuayS; e~ v en to the end. 
Thrr-v.gh the changes that befall you 
I will be your constant Friend, 
1 will hold your h&ed Hi trial, 
I will ksep you nxght and day] 
For My presence is abiding, 
I ? ll be with you all the way. 

I'll be with you, is the promise 
From the lips of Gcd-s. ovm Son. 
Ita jo'o.t wonderful Redeemer; 
I your victory have won. 
For Vy power. is sufficient 
To sustain the church below; .. 
I 1 11 be with you with My presence, 
Even all the way you go. 

—John D* Sauder 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 



THE PILGRIM 11 



READ THE BIBLE THROUGH 

I supposed I knew the Bible 

Reading piece-meal, hit or miss; 

Now a bit of John or Matthew, 
Now a snatch of Genesis* 

Certain chapters of Isaiah, 

Certain Psalms — the twenty-third! 

Twelfth of Romans, first of Proverbs, 
Yes, I thought I knew the Word 

But I found that thorough reading 

Was a different thing to do, 
And the way was unfamiliar 

Till I read the Bible through. 

You who like to play at Bible, 

Dip and dabble, here and there 
Just before you kneel aweary, 

And yawn through a hurried prayer. 

You who treat the crown of writings 

As you treat no other book — 
Just a paragraph disjointed, 

Just a crude, impatient look. 

Try a worthier procedure, 

Try a broad and steady view; 
You will kneel in very rapture 

When you read the Bible through. 

— Amos R. Wells 
Selected by Mary price 

A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly; 
and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a 
brother. Proverbs 18:24 



12 THE PILGRIM 



HISTORICAL 
SPAIN AND. PORTUGAL 

As we have, seen previously, Spain and Portugal re- 
ceived the Gospel early in the .history: -of- the Church, 
It is known that Paul intended to journey to Spain, al- 
though there is no proof that he accomplished this. 
Tradition also states that James carried' the Gospel to 
Spain; however, this is very debatable. 

Although the conversion of the Spanish countryside 
was somewhat slow, it was rather thorough. By the sixth 
century very little paganism remained. Even so, it was 
considered a dangerous force not to ; be reckoned with 
lightly. In 589 the Synod of Toledo warned that idola- 
try was growing. At that time the chief challenge to 
Christianity was from the Teutonic invaders "from the 
north—the Visigoths, However, the Visigoths gradually 
became assimilated and embraced the Catnolxc form of 
Christianity, 

In 73.1 a great new challenge faced the inhabitants of 
Spanish soil as Moslem invaders quickly overran the land 
in their attempt to spread the religion of Mohai-imed by 
the sword. All the land was taken except a small strip 
of mountainous country along the northwest coast: The 
Moslem conquest' dealt a severe "blow to Christianity in 
Spain, Many Christians were killed or placed in bondage* 
In addition, many accepted the religions which the Arab 
conquerors had brought. In spite of the loss of many 
men, few were martyrs for the faith but rather lost 
their lives and freedom defending their homeland. 

Actually, by the time the Islam religion was brought 
to Spam, the Church in that area was weak. This was no 
doubt due in part to .amalgamation of the Teutons. There 
are examples. of, priests and bishops converting to Islam* 
Positions in the church were filled at the pleasure of 
the Moslem rulers. Marriages of Christian women to 
Moslem men became commonplace, and the descendants of 
these marriages were known as Muwallahs. Arabic soon^ 
became commonly spoken among the people, to the -chagrin 



THE PILGRIM 13 



of the conservative Catholics who were seeing a gradual 
dying of Latin as a language. Perhaps the most atro- 
cious was the attempt to form a new religion based on 
the tenets of both Christianity and Islam. 

In spite of this dark outlook for Christianity in 
Spain and Portugal > it is to be noted that there were 
those who kept the faith. The recapture of the Iberian 
Peninsula for Christianity was a long struggle spanning 
centuries. What is remarkable about it is that it was 
done by the Spanish and -Portuguese themselves largely 
without the aid of other European or Christian forces. 
Not long after their initial conquest, the Moslems be- 
gan to be divided. This allowed pockets of native re- 
sistance to spring up and eventually lead to the for- 
mation of the kingdoms of Leon, Castile, Novarri, and 
Aragon in the tenth century. In the Spanish struggle 
there were many heroes, the most well known being 
Rodrigo (Ruy) Diaz de Bivar of Castile, popularly known 
as el Cid, who- was able to capture Valencia in 1094* 
From that time on, the Moslem influence continued to 
decline until 1232 when they retreated to Granada in 
the south of Spain, where they were able to remain for 
two more centuries. 

The country which we know today as Portugal was 
originally a part of Spain under the Roman empire. 
However, during the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula,, 
Portugal was formed along with the other Spanish king- 
doms. Its independence from the rest of Spain was 
guaranteed by the treaty of Zowora in 1143. From that 
time on Christianity had firm control over the country 
as we know it today. 

Islam continued to be a problem to the Spanish king- 
doms after the founding of the Portuguese nation. 
Throughout the period of reconquest the kingdoms had 
gradually found it imperative to cooperate with one 
another; however, the unification of Spain was not 
complete until the marriage of Ferdinand II, King of 
Aragon, and Isabella I, Queen of Castile, in 1469. 
This marriage effectively united these kingdoms, and 
the rulers were known as the Catholic sovereigns. 



14 • - - - THE PILGRIM 



The completion of Spanish unification came on Jan- 
uary 2, 1492 with the capture of Granada — the last 
Moslem stronghold in Europe. Once again the Iberian 
Peninsula was counted as Christian domain. It is in- 
teresting that this conquest was not complete until 
1492 j the year in which Columbus , sailing under the 
Spanish flag, discovered the new world — an event which 
was to have far-reaching consequences in the history of 
Christianity as well as the world » 



— Glen Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California 



THE PILGRIM'S WANTS 

I xtfant a sweet sense of the pardoning love, 
That my manifold sins are forgiven; 
That Christ as my Advocate pleadeth above, 
That my name is recorded in Heaven. 

I want every moment to feel 

That Thy Spirit resides in my heart — 

That His Fowor is present to cleanse and to heal, 

And nearness of life to impart. 

I want — Oh I I want to attain 

Some likeness, my Saviour, to Thee! 

That longed-for resemblance once more to regain, 

Thy comeliness put upon me. 

I want to be marked for Thine own — 

Thy seal in my forehead to wear; 

To receive that new name on the mystic white 

stone 
Which none but Thyself can declare. 

I want so in Thee to abide, 

As to bring forth some fruit to Thy praise; 

The branch which Thou prune st, though feeble 

and dried, 
v; T?- ^.^ jct .;-! -*- "H~ + rev** 1 " HAf*»v*3 # 



THE PILGRIM 15 









I want Thine own Hand to unbind 

Each tie to terrestrial things , 

Too tenderly cherished, too closely entwined 

Where my heart so tenaciousl" clings. 

I want by my aspect serene > 

My actions and words to declare — 

That my treasure is placed in a country unseen, 

That my heart's best affections are there. 

I want as a traveler to haste 

Straight onward, nor pause on my way; 

Nor forethought in anxious contrivance to waste 

On the tent only pitched for a dayl 

I want — and this sums up my prayer 

To glorify Thee 'till I die; 

Then calmly to yield up my soul to Thy call, 

And breathe out in faith my last sigh, 

■ — Anonymous 

Selected by Susan EL Coning 



men that have buried your husband will carry you out 
also/' 

Then Saphira fell down and died; and the young men 
did carry her out and buried her by her husband. 

God knows everything: He hears what we say, sees 
what we do, and even knows what we think. 

— Rudolph Cover 



ANNUAL MEETING- NOTICE 
We, the members of the Old Brethren in Canada, Ohio,, 
and Indiana expect to hold our Annual Meeting at the 
Wakarusa meeting house, the Lord willing, on May 15th, 
l6th and 17th, and extend an invitation to all who can 
to come and be with us at that time. 

— Elmer Brovant 



16- THE PILGRIM 



•CHILDREN'S PAGE/ 
THE "KAN AlvD HIS WIFE T HO LIED .Acts 5:1-11 

After the Holy Spirit had come, the Apostles were 
given great power to perform miracles and to convince 
the people that Jesus had come to life again after He 
had died on the cross, hany people believed the 
Apostles , and they were filled with the Holy Spirit. 
Because of this the people all loved one another so 
much that they became very unselfish and sold their 
lands and houses and gave the money to the Apostles to 
buy food and clothing for them as they had need. And 
the church had all things in common — no one was rich 
and no one poor. 

Now there was a man named Ananias and his wife 
Saphira who sold some property and kept back some of 
the money and gave the rest to the Apostles. I suppose 
they received more money for their land than some of 
the others and agreed together, "We're giving as much 
as anyone; why should we give everything away? We'll 
just keep back part of it and see what happens »" 

VJhen Ananias brought part of the money to the 
Apostles, he didn't say that he had kept back some but 
acted like he had given all, He wanted others to think 
he was as generous 'as the rest. Of course God knew 
what he had done, just as He knows what you and I do, 
and it was revealed to Peter by the Holy Spirit. So 
Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan caused you to lie 
to the Holy Ghost and keep back part of the price — you 
haven't lied to men but unto God." 

When Ananias heard this he just fell down and died. 
And some young men took his body out and buried It, 

About three hours after Ananias died, Saphira, his 
wife, came in to the. Apostles and Peter asked her, 
"Tell me, did you sell the land for so much?" 

Saphira answered, "Yes, that's right, that was the 
price we received. 11 

Then Peter said, "How is it that you have agreed 
together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? The youn^ 

Nv-rvHrmpd on page 15, 



THE PILGRIM 



VOL, 17 MAY & JUNE, 1970 NOS. 5 & 6 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 



HOLY SPIRIT, FAITHFUL GUIDE 

Holy Spirit, faithful Guide, 

Ever near the Christian's side, 
Gently lead us hy the hand, 

Pilgrims in a desert land. 
Weary souls fore'er rejoice, 

While they hear that sweetest voice, 
-Whispering softly, "Wanderer, come, 

Follow me, I 1 11 guide thee home." 

Ever present, truest Friend, 

Ever near Thine aid to lend, 
Leave us not to doubt and fear, 

Groping on in darkness drear. 
When the storms are raging sore, 

Hearts grow faint, and hopes give o'er. 
Whisper softly, "Wanderer, come, 

Follow me, I 1 11 guide thee home." 

When our days of toil shall cease, 

Waiting still for sweet release, 
Nothing left but heaven and prayer, 

Wondering if our names are there; 
Wading deep the. dismal flood, 

Pleading naught but Jesus' blood; 
Whisper softly, "Wanderer, come, 

Follow me,. I'll guide thee home." 
Selected 





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jblished 


in the 


interests 


of the 


members of the Old B 


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Subscription rate: $2.00 


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. Sample copies sent free 


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Publishing 


Editor: Leslie C 


over; Consulting Editor: Daniel F 


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AS IN A GLASS 

M But we all j with open face beholding as in a g lass 
the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image 
from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord." 
(2 Corinthians 3*18} 

11 For now we see through a glass darkly; but then face 
to face." (I.Corinthians 13:12) 

The gift of beholding aided by a glass— though a 
darkened one — enables us to see into the revelations of 
the Lord, with understanding, without being overwhelmed* 
The divine builder of these darkened eyeglasses, by 
revelation, of His Heavenly Father combined with His ex- 
perience of. living upon earth, knew how to build and 
arrange this instrument of insight into the divine na- 
ture and revelation of God,, that we can be enlightened 
to the extent of our ability and have peace and joy in 
a continued attainment, all so divinely tempered that 
we can also attain and hold this treasure in earthen 
vessels, as we read; "But we have this treasure in 
earthen vessels ^ that the excellency of the power may 
be of God; and not of us," (2 Corinthians 4:7) 

God wants us to have the treasures of His Word: "But 
lay up for yourselves treasures in Heaven, where neither 
moth nor rust can corrupt, and where thieves do not 
break through nor steal." (Matthew 6:20) What we see 
through the darkened eyeglasses are the treasures of 
His Word which are. invaluable to us, and we can store 
them up for our use and profit. The darkened eyeglasses 
do not dim our vision but aid us to clearly see (Romans 
1:20) the treasures of His Word that we need to know to 
show us the way we should walk through life upon the 
straight and narrow way. 

The darkened eyeglasses are built into His Word, the 
manner of His message to us as mortals striving to gain 
"life "and immortality to light through the gospel" (2 



THE PILGRIM 



Timothy 1:10) and to enlighten the eyes of our under- 
standing. (Ephesians 1:18) 

• God who made- us knows full well our limitations of 
understanding and ability to perceive; "For He knoweth 
our frame; He remembereth that we are dust*" (Psalm 
103:14) So He gave to us in the New Testament , not the 
awesome sound of His voice and His fearful presence, 
surrounded by the mighty convulsions of nature, but now 
He speaks to us by "His Son, whom He hath appointed 
heir of all things, by whom also He made the worlds." 
(Hebrews 1:2) In a manner this tempered Word of God 
is so fitted to our understandings and so veils the 
glory that we can "with open face see as in a glass." 

Our Heavenly Father, in bringing "His first begotten 
into the World' 1 '( Jesus), brought Him to view to be seen 
as any other little baby, to behold with love and won- 
der, and to come down to us and dwell among us, and to 
be naturally and spiritually related to us when we come 
to Him by His directive way. So we can read: "For 
both He that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified 
are all of one: for which cause He is not a sham ed to 
call them brethren I" (Hebrews 2:11) Gh, the loving 
grace of our Lord I to be so common, lowly and under- 
standing that we almost forget, in His meekness and 
lowly ways , His greatne ss! So as He speaks to us His 
love shines through, and, notwithstanding His divine — 
His high and holy person — we are drawn nearer and near- 
er to Him, Yet if we beheld Him in His divine glory 
we would fall flat before Him, as John did upon the 
Isle of Patmos. (Revelations 1:1?) 

Thanks be to God for the darkened gla sses that bring 
us to His presence with ease and praise I 

When we hear His Word as spoken by His ministers and 
when we read in His divine Book, it brings joy to our 
hearts, not awe at His presence. And it often wells in 
our hearts the desir e to see His face and dwell in His 
presence, even as Moses said, "I beseech Thee, show me 
Thy glory." (Exodus 33:18) But the comforting desire 
of attainment comes to us: "Herein is our love made 
perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of 



THE PILGRIM 



judgment: b ecause as He is, so are we in this world ," 
(1 John 4:17T~ 

So this journey through this, life can be a loving 
walk with Jesus, who also so bravely walked upon earth 
to show and 'assure us the safe way to our home. And now 
we can see through the darkened glasses into His Holy 
Word. 

The darkened glasses He has made, 
A shield from glory — pleasant shade, 

That we behold with open face 
The living wonders of His grace. 

So tempered to our earthly frame, 
To know the wonders of His name, 
To" read" His V;ord of love and peace, 
■ • Partake of joys that never cease. 

He knows our frame, He knows our ways, 

And He- has numbered all our days; 
Outlined the way that we should go 

And of His promises to know. 

Then look my soul with open face, 

From lovly vale to higher place; 
Look up to God, with patience run, 

For day will close at setting sun. 

And see while on our journey here 
The shining footprints fair and clear 

Show where our Saviour firmly trod 
That leads to home and to our God. 

And feel the force of loving care 
Guiding our footsteps journey fare; 

He walks with us, we walk with Him 
Along the way to Heaven's rim. 

— J. I. Cover 
• Sonora, California 
Next: "THE GLORY OF THE LORD". 



THE PILGRIM 



CHERRY BLOOM 

Cherries ripe and fresh from the tree are a delight 
to see and to eat; but a cherry tree in full bloom al- 
most takes on personality as it holds up its chaste 
white blossoms for our inspection and delight. In an 
orchard of them, they seem to compete with each other 
with their dainty offerings: all the same in color and 
yet no two trees alike in arrangement and spacing. 

On a clear spring day, one would have to be obtuse 
indeed not to thrill to this gorgeous display of heav- 
enly white. Hidden beneath the protective bark they 
have awaited their call. In proper time the hidden 
life within began to stir and to function. How faith- 
ful each to his kind! What master artist fashioned 
each one into just the right size, and from what chem- 
ical laboratory was this perfect white compounded and 
spread so evenl;y thru each tiny petal? And from where 
the potent arrangement of stamen and pistil? 

Truly they are God's thoughts to us as we behold the 
beauties and wonders of His handiwork. These newborn 
symbols of purity bear a message of truth to mankind. 

Its white speaks of a place without sin or darkness 
where the £lory of God shines in an unclouded day* 
Bright shining ones surround the throne of God to 
praise and joyfully serve His Divine and Holy Will. 
White is the judgment throne of God and white are the 
garments of the armies of heaven, and white their 
steeds. 

But their leader Is clothed In a "vesture dipped in 
blood" and "in righteousness he doth judge and make 
war. H His name, "the Word of God," denotes this to be 
Jesus. (Revelations 19:13) 

Grand and marvelous are the heavenly scenes. Our 
hearts turn in joyful anticipation to the wedding feast 
in heaven for something new is to be added to heaven. 

From out of this sinful race of men has come a holy 
people, now sinless and pure. This is the bride of 
Christ. 



6. THE PILGRIM 



"And to her was granted that she should be arrayed 
in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is 
the righteousness of saints." (Revelations 19:8) 

"And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which 
are' called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And 
he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God." 
(Revelations 19:9) 

Precious little white blossom! Your own new and 
clean white linen bears eloquent testimony to the Word 
of God. Within' our .heart-s, is a longing to be with that 
shining throng clothed in white. 

— James D. Cover 

Modesto, California 



EDITORIAL.,. 

The young man was very earnest although simple, 
almost retarded 3 He told me, "I read the Bible three 
times a clay. My mother says she can tell when I am 
not reading enough. I get mean and hard to get along 
with, So I try to read my Bible three times a day." 

Though he is a, simple person, this young man has 
found a secret all of us should know. That is the 
power of the Word of God on the lives of those who 
will give thems^]. re? to it. 

The Bible has nob always been so available as it is 
now in our country* During the dark ages, the false 
church in control made it a crime to own or read the 
Word, Why was this? Because the devil knows that the 
Word is true and when men have the Word and read and 
treasure it P they are released from his bondage. It 
makes a difference in their lives. When men have the 
truth, the truth makes them free, and they cannot ever 
be bound in spirit though they may be in slavery, per- 
secution, or prison. 

We should develop good, regular habits of reading 
the Bible. It is food for our souls like the food for 
our bodies. So often we starve when we could feast on 



THE PILGRIM 



this precious ^ nourishing Word of life. There is no 
health food or health program that can compare in im- 
portance with a regular diet of the spiritual, health 
food of the Word of God. 

A popular idea in the world today is that all re- 
ligions are the product or result of man's inclination 
to worship something. Therefore all religions are 
eoually valid and we should recognize them. This idea 
is gaining in popularity as unbelief in God's Word 
increases. Men point to the similarities in- religions: 
moral codes, teaching* regarding life after death, 
belief in a supreme god, etc. But the world's reli- 
gions cannot be compared to the belief of God's people. 
Faith in Christ is not the product of man's need, 
though it does answer the need. The faith of Jesus 
Christ (Christian religion, if we must call it that) 
came about because God knew our needs, spoke to us 
by His Word, and gave us His Son (His Word made flesh) 
to be the Redeemer and Atoner for our sins, 

God ha s spoken to us. If this does not make the 
Bible important to us, then we fail to understand our 
own needs. We can lose all our possessions or even 
all our friends with less consequence ttian to lose 
His Word, Let us read and study and let God's Spirit 
guide our minds , and Ks will make us His people and 
fill every need. 

"...From a child thou hast known the holy scrip- 
tures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation 
through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All scrip- 
ture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable 
for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruc- 
tion in. righteousness: That the man of God may be 
perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works." 
(II Timothy 3:15-17) 

"Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto 
my path." (Fsalm 119:105) 

"For ever, Lord, thy word is settled in heaven." 
(Psalm 119:89) — L.C. 



THE" PILGRIM 



A STORM ON THE OCEAN 

When Peter Becker and others , some families twenty, 
Embarked in a ship from the Dragon to flee, 
They entered a' vessel just sailing from Flanders, 
To cross the dark waters, the deep rolling sea; 

For great was the distance and long was the journey, 
These people- religious intended to go. 
Besides, they were poor and almost without money, 
So that they were packed in the vessel below. 

But they were contented to dwell there together 
In patience, endurance, privation and want; ' 
Until they would land on- the shores of this country 
If God His protection and blessing would grant. 

Among the despised and abused of all nations 
Where bigoted priests could not fetter their chains, 
Nor tyrants blood-thirsty usurp the dominion 
To raise persecution with penance and pains. 

Below in the ship they were seated together 
And speaking u2 things appertaining to God; 
As thus t^iey were sailing out over the ocean, 
A storm came up, spreading his pinions abroad, 

The wind in his fury blew over the vessel; - 
The tempest was howling, the heavens were dark;" 
The billows were foaming and rolling like mountains; 
The Brethren were seated below in the dark. 

Commending themselves unto God in His mercy 
They put their , dependence and trust in the Lord 
For His preservation and care of His- people, 
Those people. who trust and believe in His y/ord. 

Submitting themselves to the billows' commotion, 
Alarmed were the sailors, the captain afraid, 
Until he went downward below in 'his vessel 
And saw the composure the Brethren displayed. 



THE PILGRIM 



He felt in -his heart that God was among them; 
That these were a people beloved of the Lord; 
That He could preserve them from tempest and danger 
As saves He the righteous from peril and sword. 

The captain took courage, went back to his sailors 
Who hopelessly feared that the vessel would wreck. 
And told them what people, composed in the tempest , 
Below in the ship would yet walk on the deck. 

And afterward waiting a little while longer, 

The storm disappeared in the rear. 

Those billows .like: mountains went back to their caverns; 

The ocean grew calm and the sky became clear. 

And so they continued to sail o'er the ocean 
With patience and hope in the fear of the Lord 
To come to an end of their wearisome journey, 
When two or three months they had waited on board. 

T'was not in those days as it is in the present, 
That steamships the ocean so swiftly did plow, 
And lightning recorded the news of the nations 
In language intelligent, as they do now. 

The day of improvements and swift locomotion 
So early as then yet but scarcely did dawn; 
The ages of error and ignorance awful 
And dark superstition were hardly withdrawn. 

At last they were landed in Philadelphia 

And soon they were scattered wide o T er the land. 

The year 1958 marked the 250th anniversary of the 
landing of our Brethren in America! 

By James T. Heckler 1883 
Selected by Orpha Barton 



10 THE- PILGRIM 



Life changes all our thoughts of heaven; 

At first we think of streets of gold; 

Of gates of pearl and dazzling light; 

Of shining wings and robes of white; 

And things all strange to mortal sight. 

But in the after years 

It is a more fc.mil iar place, 

A home "unhurt by sighs or tears 

Where waiteth many a well-known face; 

With passing months it comes more 'near, 

It grows more real day by day, . . ; . • 

Not strange or cold, but very dear — 

The glad Homeland, not far away, 

Where none are sick or poor or lone, 

The place where we shall find our own. 

And as we think of all we knew * . 

Who there have met to part no more, 

Our longing hearts desire Home, too, 

With all the strife and longing o'er. 

Selected from "The Messenger of Truth 11 



I would not ask Thee that my days 

Should flow quite smoothly on and on: 

Lest I should learn to love the world 
Too well,, ere all my time is done. 

I would not ask Thee that my work 
Should never bring me pain nor fear: 

Lest I should learn to work alone, 
And never wish Thy Presence near, 

I would not ask Thee that my friends 
Should always kind and constant be: 

Lest I should learn to lay my faith 
In them alone, and not in Thee. 

By Alfred Norris 
Selected 



THE PILGRIM 11 



OBITUARY 

CLAY ELVATON WAGNER, son of Daniel Webster and Mary 
P. (Wolf) Wagner; faithful husband of Orpha Eliza and 
beloved father of Daniel Solomon and Eugene Bradford , 
both of Ohio, Joseph Ernest and Alvin Clay, both of 
Modesto; brother of S\isie Wagner, Elizabeth Cover 
and Ernest P. Wagner, all of Modesto, 

Clay was born September 8, 1899 near Quinter, 
Kansas,, and departed this life on June 12, 1970 at 
the family home near Modesto, California at the age 
of 70 years, 9 months and 4 days. 

His family moved from Kansas to near Sheridan Lake, 
Colorado in 1901 where he spent 12 years of his child- 
hood. In 1913 the family moved to Reedley, California, 
then settled near Modesto in 1916. 

He was united in marriage to Orpha Eliza Price on 
November 16, 1925 to which -union was born four sons. 

He yielded his life to the Lord Jesus Christ by 
baptism into the church on December 14, 1919* Called 
to the office of deacon in 1934> he faithfully served 
his Lord and church in this capacity until death. 

He was preceded in death by his parents and an 
infant grandson, alfc ; one brother, David, at the. age 
of 3 years, a half brother, John, also two half 
brothers and two half sisters in infancy, 

He is survived by His wife, four sons, and seven 
grandchildren „ 

His life shall ever be a reflective inspiration 
to all who have Imewn and loved him, 

Services were held at the Old Brethren Meeting • 
House at Salida by Elder Joseph I. Cover assisted by 
Brother Joseph E* Cover, Text was from St. John 14. 
Family selected hymns were 403, 45S, and 69. Burial 
was at the Wood Colony Cemetery. Hymns used at the 
cemetery were 3&4, ^ 2 5> and 433. 

The Family 



12 THE PILGRIM 



HISTORICAL 

THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY 

IRELAND 

As we have previously seen, Ireland was outside the 
influence of the Roman Empire but received the gospel 
message relatively early, Credit for the conversion of 
the Irish is usually given to St, Patrick, who was sup- 
posed to have arrived as a missionary in 432 A.D. The 
spread of Christianity throughout the island was rapid, 
aided in part by the respect for individual liberty 
which allowed each individual considerable freedom. 
Even though the role of St. Patrick has been questioned 
with respect to the conversion of Ireland, there is no 
doubt but that a strong church evolved outside the con- 
fines of the Roman Empire where it was officially sanc- 
tioned as the state religion. Some have begun to doubt 
the existence of St, Patrick as so much legend surrounds 
this figure that it is impossible to separate fact from 
fiction* 

There was an early trend toward monasticism in the 
Irish Church which was probably due in part to the 
strong tribal character of the Irish people. It was 
easy for a tribe under the direction of its chief to 
enter into the Christian faith, centering its religious 
and tribal life around the monastery. Thus, monasteries 
became the center for scholarship and study and even- 
tually gave the Impetus to a widespread missionary ef- 
fort. 

Though the Irish Church differed slightly from the 
continental church in organization, it was nevertheless 
bound closely to the Church of Rome. Another character- 
istic 01 the early Irish Church was its zeal for mis- 
sionary effort. This movement had its origins in the 
monasteries of Ireland where scholarship and Bible study 
were highly valued. The missionary effort of the Irish 
was unparalleled in the Christian Church of that day, 
and by the seventh century it could be said that Ireland 
was the center of the Christian missionary movement ♦ 



THE PILGRIM 13 



This movement had a telling effect in Europe, reaching 
Scotland, Germany, France, Switzerland, Austria, and - 
Italy where the Ghurch still lacked the organization 
of that in Ireland, In addition, missionaries were 
found in the Fame and Orkney Islands and possibly 
Iceland. 

The Irish missionaries or peregrini, as they were 
known, were the nonconformists of their day. Develop- 
ing as it did outside the confines of the Roman Empire, 
the Irish Church had a more independent character than 
that of Rome. Often the missionaries were criticized 
for encouraging independence in those to whom they 
preached. They did not feel that the rigid ecclesias- 
tical organization which was already a feature of the 
Roman Church was as necessary as knowledge of the 
Scriptures. 

Not only were the peregrini interested in spreading 
the gospel but also in -strengthening the faith in those 
places where it was already found. Often these men ■ 
would travel in groups of thirteen in imitation of 
Christ and the apostles. These missionaries were es- 
pecially important as. upholders of the faith in the 
Frankish Kingdoms, or France , as the people there were 
Christians in name bat had really not understood or 
practiced Christianity, 

The best' known- of the Irish missionaries was Columba. 
He led twelve others. to France where he founded many 
monasteries. Eventually he was forced to, leave this 
area because of his plain preaching against the sins of 
the royalty of that area. He had constantly spoken a- 
gainst the taking of concubines by the nobility. , In 
addition, he -became entangled in a controversy with the 
Frankish bishops over the date of Easter. Leaving ; 
France, he continued his wandering throughout Europe — 
especially in Northern Italy where he died, probably 
around 615 A.D. 

The. missionary effort to England and Scotland was 
initiated by Ninian early in the fifth century. How- 
ever, it seems to have. been given renewed vigor by 
Columba (of the Irish royal line), who established a 



14 ~— == - THE PILGRIM 



base for missionary activity on an island off the 
Scottish coast known as Iona. From there missionary 
campaigns were sent to the Celtic people of Scotland . 
Long after his death the mission remained influential 
in the spread of the gospel. 

While the rise of Christianity in Ireland had been 
spectacular, dark days were ahead. In the ninth and 
tenth century the Vikings or Norsemen from Scandinavia 
came in their longboats bent on invasion and conquest. 
Throughout Ireland the monasteries which had been al- 
lowed to exist in peace were raided and left in ruins. 
These invasions struck at the very roots of Irish faith. 
The faith of the Irish was quite strong, however, and 
here and there small groups of believers remained faith- 
ful. A second blow to the Irish came with the English 
conquests of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The 
aim of these invasions was to gain English dominance 
over the islands. In the fourteenth century, the Gaelic 
Irish did manage to regain a temporary independence. 
Then under the Tudors English control was extended over 
Ireland once more, Henry VIII had himself declared the 
head of the Church of Ireland and ordered all monaster- 
ies disban/'ad. 

The Irish were loath to accept English rule and with 
it Pro&estant Christianity. Thus the Roman Catholic 
faith became a unifying force among the Irish and a 
strong symbol of Irish nationalism. An English attempt 
oc breathe hold of Catholicism over Ireland was made 
under James I. Immigrants were sent to Ulster, the 
northern province. These were English (Anglicans) and 
Scottish (Presbyterians). This was soon followed by an 
Irish rebellion" in Ulster in 1641. This rebellion was 
put down by English forces under Cromwell , who overran 
the entire island. 

The English attempt at control of Ireland through 
colonization was partially successful in that the Pro- 
testant colonists became firmly established on the 
islandc However, this more than ever made Roman Cath- 
olicism a symbol of nationalism. The island was now 
polarized between the Catholic nationalists and the 



THE PILGRIM 15 



Protestant colonists. The struggle was to continue as 
one that involved more than issues of faith. 

In 1921 the majority of the island withdrew from the 
British Empire and was given a "dominion" status. Fi- 
nal ties with the United Kingdom were severed in 1948- 
J+9> leaving the Republic of Ireland independent with 
Northern Ireland (corresponding closely to the province 
of Ulster) remaining as part of the British Empire. 
Even this division did not resolve the strong Catholic- 
Protestant rift. Today such feelings are still present 
as evidenced bv the recent strife in that country. 



— Glen W. Shirk j M.D. 
Stockton , California 



FOOTPRINTS 

I walked upon a sandy shore. 
The tide was rolling in. 
The breakers dashed upon the rocks 
With turbulence and din. 

I watched the gulls and screeching tern. 
I watched the restless sea, 
I walked along a .sandy shore 
...When someone followed mui 

For I had left some footprints there, 
And someone saw, and stepped 
Where I had confidently walked... 
I paused, and almost wept, 

For I had walked too near the surf I 
The tide was rolling in... 
And those who walked where I had walked 
Might die, where I had been! 

I hurried up to higher ground 

Far from the surging tide, 

And prayed they'd quickly trace my steps 

Lest, lingering, they died. 

Footprints on the shores of Time I 
God, grant me grace to be 
Watchful where my footprints fall 
Lest someone follow me. 

By Margaret Penner Toews 



16 THE PILGRIM 



• CHILDREN'S PAGE 

THE MAN WHO DIDN'T VALK TILL HE WAS GROWN 

Acts 3:1-11 

Can you remember when you first learned to walk? I 
don't suppose you -can because nearly all of us learn to 
walk when we are very young. One time there was a man 
who was born a cripple , a lame man who had to be car- 
ried around by others. He had never known what it was 
like to walk and run and jump like other boys and girls. 
When he became a man his .friends took him to the temple 
gate 'that was called " Beautiful" . Here he would sit or 
lie down to beg .money or ask alms of the people who 
would pass by. This particular gate of the temple 
called "Beautiful" was the most ..expensive and magnifi- 
cent of all the temple gates. It was made of solid 
brass and was 75 feet high. The doors of the gate were 
60 feet high and inlaid with plates of silver and gold. 
It was indeed truly beautiful. 

The Jews had three times in the day when they would 
pray to God — at 6 o. ! clock in the morning,, at 12 o'clock 
noon and at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. At 3 o'clock 
Peter and John were on their way into the temple when 
they heard this poor beggar that was a cripple asking 
them for money. Now Peter .and John were poor people 
and they didn't have any money, but they did have some- 
thing; and what do you think it was? 

Peter said to the lame man, "Silver and gold have I 
none; but such as I have give I unto thee: In the name 
of Jesus Christ of Nazareth rise up and walk J " And 
Peter took him by the hand and lifted him up, and imme- 
diately his feet and ankle bones received strength. 

Then the lame man that was healed went with Peter 
and John into the Temple. But he couldn't keep still. 
The Bible says he walked and leaped and praised God. 

— Rudolph Cover 



THE PILGRIM 



VOL. 1 7 JULY ■■& AUGUST, 1970 NOS. 7 & 8 

n [>early beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
I from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 



THE STORY OF THE CROSS " 

Above the sweetest songs' of earth. 
Through' all' the strife of gain and loss, 
Above the sounds of grief and mirth, 
"I" hear the story of the cross. 
That story is a tale of love • ■ 
That wipes away the sinner'*s tears; 
It makes him heir of heaven above 
And gives him ioy through endless years. 

C : norie but Jesus bore such scorn, 
No stricken "lamb so meek as He*; 
No other brew so bruised by thorn, 

■No other heart so bled for me. 
No other feet the winepress trod, 

■No' other 'hand so freely gave, 
No Savior like the Son -of God I 
No love like His to reach and save I 

0" blessed cross of sacrifice, 
Where Jesus died for me, for me I 
The cross ' : of my ; Redeemer, Christ, 
Who makes the guilty captive free! 
That -shihing 'cross shall-. ever stand 
Fo r all ' o f : love ' that" man 'can know; i 
Yet 'none' ■ Ma^ fully -understand 
The love 'that God 1 alone can show. 

■""•'•'■-' t ~— Cairrie E. Breck 





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of the 


members of the Old B 


ethren Church. 


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9573Q 



HAVE FAITH IN GOD 

Jesus says , "Have faith in God." By pure reasoning 
man can know that there is a God. All creation testi- 
fies that there is a Creator* Only the fool hath said 
in his heart, There is no god, "For the invisible 
things of him from the creation of the world are clear- 
ly seen, being understood, by the things that are made > 
even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are 
without excuse . * ." "The heavens declare the glory 
of God.; and the firmament sheweth his handiwork. Day 
unto day uttereth speech and night unto night sheweth 
knowledge . . ." . 

The awesome wonders of nature can teach us that 
there is a God., but this is as far as reason can go. 
And If God did not reveal Himself to man through In- 
telligent cqmnranlcat ion, we would have to remain like 
the Greeks at Athens: To us He would be an "unknown 
God." But God has not left us In such ignorance about 
Himself, He has spoken to man and given to us His holy 
Word which tells us that in the beginning God created 
the heaven and the earth and all that in them is. And 
that Me made man in His own image— capable of communi- 
cating with Him* .Thus we "are told that God "walked" In 
the garden of Eden and talked with Adam. - 

Up to this point science may well agree with the 
Biblical account of creation; but at this point there 
is a radical departure, and faith must supplant reason .. 
However it is not a blind faith but is founded in the 
testimonies of faithful men of old to whom God showed 
Himself in various ways at different times and spoke to 
them. For in the first chapter of Hebrews it is said, 
"God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake 
in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, hath In 
these last days spoken unto us by- his Son, whom he hath 
appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the 
worlds . . ." 



THE PILGRIM 



God spoke to Abel in some manner and made him under- 
stand that he had offered an acceptable sacrifice and 
that he was righteous, and this testimony still speaks 
to us. Enoch "walked" with God and was- told of ' the im- 
pending judgments that are coming upon the ungodly. 
Noah found "glrace" in the sight of God and was warned' 
of the great deluge that was coming on the earth, and 
he "built an ark to the saving of his house and became 
heir of the righteousness which is by "faith. God made 
His "glory", to pass before Moses,- and Moses saw His form 
and heard the proclamation of His goodness and holiness. 
When the seventy elders of Israel were in Mount Sina,i, 
"They saw the God of Israel: and there was under his 
feet as it were a paved work of' a sapphire stone, and 
as it were the body of heaven in its clearness. And ■ 
upon the nobles; of the children of Israel he laid not 
.his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink." 
(Exodus 24:10, 11)' 

The prophet Isaiah "saw the Lord sitting upon a - 
throne"/ high and lifted upj and his train filled the 
temple. Above it stood the seraphlms: each one had six 
wings; with twain he -covered his face, and with twain 
he covered his' feet, and with twain he did fly. And 
one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is 
the Lord of hosts: the whole earth is full of his gToryi 1 
(Isaiah 6:1-3) Ezekiel saw a similar vision of the 
glory of God. (E^ekiel l?4-£8) When Jesus was here He 
said, "He that hath seen me hath seen the Father." 

Thus we are told In the eleventh chapter of Hebrews 
of a great cloud of witnesses who walked in faith with 
God and were accounted righteous. "For without faith 
it is impossible to please him, for he that cometh to 
God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder 
of them that diligently seek him." 

"The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are 
the everlasting arms." 



—Daniel F. Wolf 
Modesto, California 



4 TH E PILGRIM 



THE GLORY OF THE LORD 

"But- -we all; with open face beholding as in a glass 

the glory of the Lord , are changed into the same image 
from. glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord," 
(2 Corinthians 3:18) 

The darkened glass, which is the loving manner of 
God to kindly show us the glory and truth of His Holy 
Word through Jesus Christ our Lord, allows us to behold 
the glory of the Lord so plainly revealed in a way that 
we desire to be drawn closer to God c 

The dawning rays of glory that precede the arising 
of "the Sun of Righteousness" (Malachi 42) come to us 
in the angel Gabriel 1 s message to Zacharias of the com- 
ing forerunner j John the Baptist, their promised son. 
What a stirring time indeed it was in the renewing of 
Zacharias T faith and speech and his divine prophesy of 
the mission of his son! (Luke 1:68-80) 

People beg^ii to awaken from their dark and hopeless 
sleep to the dawning of a brighter day and were brought 
to repentance and baptism awaiting in. the dawning light, 
the glorious sunrising of our Lord, "The people that 
walked in darkness have seen a great light." (Isaiah 
9:2, 60.?) 

And so the glory of the Lord burst upon the people, 
especially those who were watching and waiting for the 
fulfilling of prophecy, 

There was glory in. the angel Gabriel's visit to Mary, 
the lovely innocent maiden, and upon glory enter ing her 
she began to say, "I-iy soul doth magnify the Lord!" 
(Luke 1:46-55) 

Since that time millions of followers of the Lord 
have had joy enter iifito their hearts in like, feeling of 
glory revealed at first hearing and grasping of these 
wonders of glory: Jesus the light of the world re- 
vealed in His birth and increasing in wisdom and stat- 
ure and in favor with God and man. Simeon, one of the 
last saints of the Old Testament, holding the baby 
Jesus in his arms and saying: "Lord, now lettest thy 
servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have seen thy 



THE PILGRIM 



salvation" shows how fully united the- prophets of old 
were with the "new and living way" Jesus has brought* 
This glory entered the hearts of those who were alive 
to witness this glorious transfusion, 

John the Baptist , observing the light and glory > was 
made to exclaim/ "Behold the Lamb of God, that taketh . 
away the sin of the world." Jesus requested to be bap- 
tized, saying, n Suffer it to be so now: for thus it 
becometh us to fulfill all righteousness." (Katthew 
3:15) Glory was revealed to those who beheld this sa- 
cred scene of Jesus praying and coming. up out of the 
wa t e r : " Lo ^ the h eavens were opened unto Him, and he 
saw the Spi rit of God descendi ng li ke a dove, and 
lighting upo n K imr an d lo a voice f roM heav en , saying 3 
Thi s i s my beloved Son, i n whom I a m well pleased , " 
(Matthew 3:16, 17} Our heavenly Father in opening the 
heavens to Jesus surely let out to ma n a lot o f gl ory . 

We cannot at this time mention all the scenes of 
glory found in the New Testament, but it is your priv- 
ilege, dear reader, to open up its pages, in every one 
of which glory is revealed. It is not a blirding light 
but presents scenes of glory that we can behold with 
love, joy, and wo 3 ping, outlining and shewing to us the 
noblest and perfect presence of the Sen of man which is 
the Son of God, 

What joy He brought to so many distressed and af- 
flicted with the maladies of soul and body, healing 
their diseases, raising the dead to life, and forgiving 
sins, cleansing the heart and giving hope to poor lost 
sinners! He is our dear friend, showing to us His 
heavenly Father r s will and following that will through 
life — Gethsemane to Calvary. There is glory in His 
suffering, crucifixion, and death because this dark and 
fearsome background of sorrow, pain, and death is all 
made glorious: clearly . portrayed upon the canvas of 
eternity so brightly and illuminating His glorious vic- 
tory over Satan, sin, and death* Thus was demonstrated 
the power of the e ternal livi ng God to retrieve and 
change His earthly body to the heavenly glory of His 
own majestic personality, investing and blending the 



THE:- PILGRIM 



earthly and heavenly conditions. To see Him as He is 
is to be with Him, to be like Him and follow Him and be 
"joint heirs" with Him in glory. Thus the heavenly and 
earthly glory blends together in Jesus Christ our Lord 
and King. 

This glory revealed by reading is more deeply en- 
graven upon the hearts of those who fully and wholly 
accept Him. 

The glory of the Lord, found in His written Word, 
The way of God unsealed, His love to man revealed, 

As coming to this earth, reveals His shining worth, 
Showing the narrow way, leading to brightest day. 

On earth Hie pathway trod, the very Son of God, 
Because that life and light, and standing for the 
right, 

Brings peace unto each heart: .who never will depart 
From God so very near, we triumph over fear. 

who will walk with Hirn until earth T s lights grow dim, 
Supported irom above, whose way with us is love, 

And with His tender care, is with us everywhere 
Upon the Ginning way as we still watch and pray. 

What joy to thus be found treading the glory round, 
With loving ones to go, made whiter than the snow, 

As sin recedes away ; and virtues with us stay 
To help along the road and lift the heavy load. 

joy and peace and rest, sun setting in the west; 

Though tired afi'd travel worn, looks up until the morn 
Breaks over golden hills, and glory over fills 

The ransomed sons of bliss soon be where Jesus is. 

Then follow glory 1 s trail; we cannot fall or fail, 
For Jesus leads us on until the night is gone; 

Sun sinking in the sea of vast eternity, 
We land on heaven's shore, and time shall be no more. 

Next: "ARE CHANGED" "krira^cthfor^^ 



THE PILGRIM 



THE FAITH OF THE CHRISTIAN 

The faith of the Christian is simple and sweet, 
Yet it's precious^ more "precious than gold. 
It Is faith in the Saviour that makes us complete, 
And that opens the door to the fold. 

The faith of the Christian is steadfast and sure, 
And it holds against tempest and shock. 
Its sturdy foundation will ever endure, 
For it's built upon Jesus, the Rock. 

The faith of the Christian is vibrant and warm; 

It's a virtual fountain of youth. 

It constantly bubbles in excellent form, 

For its source is the wellspring of truth. 

The faith of the Christian is throbbing and strong; 
It's the current that flows through the lire. 
Though unseen by others, It wafts him along, 
And empowers for service divine. 

The faith of the Christian is humble and low'; 
It is happy in mansion or shack. 
You'll find it abicing wherever you go, 
For it dwells on both sides of the track. 

The faith of the Christian is lofty and high, 
Like a towering column of cloud. 

Though dwelling on earth, it has roots in the sky; 
And it ! s never defeated nor bowed. 

The faith of the Christian is tender and kind; 
IVs as gentle and soft as a dove. 
It's home to the homeless, and sight to the blind; 
It's a marvel of infinite love. 

"The faith of the Christian is tempered and tough, 
Like a bulwark of steel or of stone. 
Repelling all onslaughts, no matter how rough, 
It withstands, though abiding alone. 



THE PILGRIM 



The faith of the Christian is tested and proved; 
It quite often is tried till it hurts. 
But, after the battle, it still is unmoved. 
Oh it's wonderful, Friend, and it works. 

The faith of the Christian is patient and mild; 
It is never repulsive nor rude. 

It waits with the old and forgives with the child; 
And its fruit is delicious and good. 

The faith of "the Christian is reckless, but right; 

It will venture where brains fear to tread. 

It easily overcomes chasm or height, 

For it springs from the heart, not the head. 

The faith of the Christian is hard to explain; 
It's not smelled, tasted, felt, seen, or heard. 
Enduring through ages, it so shall remain. 
It's eternal, It's built on the Word! 

— Alvy E. Ford 



Sinful pleasure can ruin your appetite for the 
things of God, 

Paul had a jouiig co-laborer in the gospel by the 
name of Dems,s* Because his appetite for the pleasures 
of the world kss greater ifa&Q his thirst for God, we 
hear very little of young Demas, Paul wrote his en- 
tire history in nine words- "Demas hath forsaken me, 
having loved this preaent world. 11 

Many of us have no appetite for spiritual things 
because we 3ve ebsorbed in the sinful pleasures of 
this worlds We have been eating too many of the 
devil* s delicacies. 

I once heard the story of a man walking down the 
road, Behind him followed a pig. A friend called to 
him and asked him how he got the pig to follow him. 
He said, "It's very simple. Every step I take, I drop 
a bean, and the pig likes beans.' 1 Satan goes along the 
road of life dropping his beans, and we are following 



THE PILGRIM 



THE HEAVENLY VISION 

Not many, if any, have experienced such a heavenly 
vision as did the Apostle Paul; but are we obedient to 
what we have been shown by the Lord? The apostle said, 
"I was not disobedient unto the heavenlv vision." (Acts 
26:19) 

When the Lord appeared to Saul (Paul) on the road to 
Damascus, Paul fell to the earth; then trembling and 
astonished said, "Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" 
They have not yet fallen to the earth before the Lord; 
they do not yet know what it is to tremble and be as- 
tonished before Him. They have not been obedient to 
what they already know the Lord wants them to do. 

Sometimes the Lord allows everything we prize and 
highly value to be wiped avay from us, in order to 
bring us to the place of obedience. When we have 
things or persons we love, we sometimes cling to them 
and forget God. When the last of the possessions or 
friendships we too highly value is beyond our finger- 
tips, we have nothing or no one but the Lord. That is 
just the place in which God wants us. 

God is sovereign; in all things He must have pre- 
eminence. What right do we worms of the dust have to 
demand our rights or w>y? Icrrsorantly and stubbornly we 
will trv it in about every circumstance that comes into 
our lives, but patiently and lovingly God deals with us 
as with children \ kindly shielding us from the dangers 
of the self life. 

God is tender, merciful, of great compassion, and 
loving. He loves us so much that He will not be satis- 
fied with partial surrender or obedience. He must have 
all of us. 

Because of Paul's heavenly vision he was able to say^ 
"Yea doubtless, and I count ail things but loss for the 
excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: 
for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do 
count them but dung, that 1 may win Christ. 11 (philip- 
pians 3:8) Andrew Murray said, "Get this matter set- 
tled at once. Remember God's rule, all for all. Give 
Him all. He will give you all. Consecration avails 



10 THE PILGRIM 



nothing, unless it means, presenting yourself as a living 
sacrifice to do nothing but the will of God* M 

— Beryl Musselman 

From the ■" Evangel Herald 1 ' 



HYKN STUDI 
THERE IS A FOUNTAIN FILLED WITH BLOOD 

William Cowper was born,., in Berkhampstead, England 
on November 26, 1731... He was a sickly child. But he' 
had a sweet and godly, mother who helped him physically 
and mentally, giving him the emotional security his' 
little heart craved. 

Then came tragedy. When he was only six years of 
age, his mother died, His father, a stem man who did 
not appreciate the artistic spirit of his son, sent 
little William off to boarding school. 

It was a miserable place. The older children 
kicked and flogged Willie Cowper. The school masters 
were equally cruel. All of this scarred his mind. 
And finally, at the age of nineteen, he attempted 
suicide. 

But miraculously, his life was spared, and kind 
.friends sent him to St* Albans — a place for the men- 
tally iJ.l, The superintendent, a Dr. Cotton, took a. 
deep interest in his patient s > visiting and praying 
with them each evening, and telling them of the heal- 
ing power of the Great Physician. 

Although William Cowper appreciated Dr. Cotton's 
■concern, his mind could not absorb the forgiveness of 
God for his iniquities. He would put his head under 
the covers and moan, ."0 my sin! ky sins! Would God' 
there were a fountain where I could cleanse. them!" 

The Lord heard the prayer of the penitent and 
visited him with a season of spiritual refreshing. 
Let me quote Cowper ? s own words regarding this divine 
visitation. He says: 



THE PILGRIM 11 



"The happy period which was to shake off my fetters 
and afford me a clear opening of the free mercy of God 
in Christ Jesus had now arrived, I flung myself into 
a chair near the window and seeing a Bible there , ven- 
tured once more to apply to it for comfort and instruc- 
tion. The verses I saw were in the third chapter of 
Romans: f Being justified freely by His grace through 
the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God hath 
set forth to be a propitiation through faith in His 
blood, to manifest His righteousness, 1 Immediately I 
received strength to believe, and the full beams of the 
Sun of Righteousness shone upon me. I saw the suf- 
ficiency of the Atonement which He had made, my par- 
don in His blood, and the fulness and completeness of 
His justification. In a moment I believed and received 
the Gospel." 

In the light of Cowper's testimony, we can see the 
experience that lies behind the immortal lines: 

"There is a fountain filled with blood 

Dravm from Immanuel ! s veins; 
And sinners plunged beneath that flood, 
Lose all their guilty stains. 

The dying thief rejoiced to see 

That fountain in his day, 
And there may I thov^h vile as he 

Wash ail my sins aw-iy," 

You may be interested to know that the Bible does 
mention such a fountain, In Zechariah 13:1 are these 
words: "In that dhj there shall be a fountain opened 
to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jeru- 
salem for sin and uncleanness." 

Thank God for "the fountain filled with blood" I 
There is cleansing for every stain — there is forgive- 
ness for every transgressionl 

On April 25 > 1S00, William Cowper passed from this 
earthly scene, a smile of victory on his face! 

We too rejoice to see that fountain in our day for 
"the blood of Jesus Christ, God f s Son, cleanses us • 
from all sin." 

R^T^tflld from the "Lop of the Good Shin Grace" 



12 *■" ' THE PILGRIM. 



HISTORICAL. ,- 

• THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY 
GREAT BRITAIN 

Christianity was introduced into England in the sixth 
century from two different sources. Although there is 
evidence that the Gospel had made its ivay to the island, 
it had not yet been firmly established by this time. 
At this time Augustine, a pap?l emissary from Rome, was., 
able to convert King Etheibert in 597* Columba,. the 
famous Irish missionary, had founded his colony on Iona, 
an island off the Scottish coast, Thus, the influence 
of the Celtic' missionaries was to extend southward from 
Scotland while that of the Roman missionaries was ex- 
tending northward 

Columba reportedly made many missionary journeys to 
Scotland where he is credited with converting the Fiats, 
He is said to have had a great zeal for the Lord. Many 
times he faced the pagan Druid priests and showed the 
power of the Lord through miracles. One of his achieve- 
ments was the conversion of Brude, King of the PIcts, 
which no doubt vastly aided his efforts in the conver- 
sion of this peoples 

In addition to Columba, other Irish missionaries had 
an active part in bringing the Gospel to Scotland. 
Earlier. Niniah had labored among the Southern Picts. 
Kentagian. a contemporary of Columba, Is said to have 
founded the Church at Glasgow, Of course, numerous 
missionaries from Ireland were to follow the path to • 
Scotland, not only for gaining new converts but also 
for strengthening the existing church. 

While the Celtic missionaries were laboring In the 
north, the work of Augustine continued in the south. 
Augustine had been commissioned by Pope Gregory to bring 
the Church in England closer to the Roman fold. When 
he arrived, he found a rather weak church. Geographi- 
cally he confined his labors to southern England where, 
as mentioned above, he was able to convert King Ethel- 
be rt. By shrewd administration he was able to greatly 



THE PILGRIM 13 



strengthen the church. Some of his methods included 
- putting pagan shrines to Christian use, such as the one 
at Canterbury, and substituting Christian festivals for 
pagan ones at the same time of the year. 

Roman Christianity suffered a severe blow t^ith the 
death of King Ethelbert in 6l6. He had been preceded 
in death by, Augustine in 604. His successor, Eadbald, 
had not been converted and clung to the pagan beliefs 
of the land. This caused a great pagan return with many 
" Roman priests forced to flee to Gaul. The tide was 
turned, however, by the conversion of Eadbald, Unlike 
Ethelbert, Eadbald became quite active in his attempts 
to eliminate paganism from the land. He set about de- 
stroying the idols of the pagan religions. His devotion 
spread through his family, and it is said that one of 
his daughters became a nun. 

The first active spread of Roman Christianity from 
southern England came with the marriage of Edwin, the 
King of Northumberland, to the sister of Eadbald* Al- 
though Eadbald was initially reluctant to allow his sis- 
ter to marry a pagan, he finally consented with the pro- 
mise that her religion would not be interfered with. 
Indeed^ she was accompanied by one Paulinus, whose pur- 
pose it x^as to convert these people, 

Eventually Edvrin and many of his subjects were bap- 
tized. Now an active prograr* of conversion was begun, 
Edwin's father had been a Christian in name but had con- 
tinued to- worship the pagan gods with little understand- 
ing of Christianity. The work went on in this area un- 
til Edwin's death in a battle. With this Northumbria 
became very unstable, and Paulinus and Edwin's queen 
were forced. to return to the south. 

While the influence of the Celtic Church was great 
and it had been largely Irish missionaries who had 
brought the Gospel to England and Scotland, the Irish 
Church did not have the organization that the Roman 
Church had. With the labors of Aidan in Northumbria 
about 635 > the two churches came in closer contact. 
With the Synod of Whitby in 664 A.D. the whole of Eng- 
land was made to conform with Roman practise. However, 



Ik THE PILGRIM 



Celtic thought continued to influence Christianity in 
Britain for a long time thereafter.-' 

' * J The differences between Roman and : Celtic Christian- 
ity were a source of difficulty for the early church* 
in Britain . While both held the pope to be supreme in 
ecclesiastical matters, the Irish favored a looser or- 
ganization -with more emphasis on the monastic life. In 
addition/ there was a conflict over the date of Easter. 
Eventually the Roman date was adopted* 

the Church of England and Scotland was to take over 
the missionary role- of the Irish. Just as the Irish 
had, these people became zealous enough to withstand 
the invasions of "the Norsemen which were to come. This 
ijear was no doubt the : source- of inspiration for Anglo- 
Saxon missionaries to Gaul, the Low Countries, Germany, 
and Scandinavian - ' 

:■■■'' "-■ —Glen W. Shirk, K.D. ■ 

■ - Stockton, California 



THE BEAUTIFUL" GARDEN CF PRAYER 

There's a garden where Jesus is waiting, 
There *s a place that is wondrously fair; 
For it girtus with the light of His presence, . 
1 Tis tne beautdiu.l garden of prayer. 

There 1 s a garden where Jesus is waiting, 
And I go with my burden and care, 
Just to learn from His lips words of comfort 
In the beautiful garden of prayer. 

There's a garden where Jesus is waiting, 
And He bids you to come meet Him there; 
Just to bow, and receive a new blessing, 
In the beautiful garden of prayer. 

the beautiful garden, the garden of prayer, 
the beautiful garden of prayer; 
There my Savior awaits, and He opens the gates 
To the beautiful garden of prayer. 

— Eleanor Schroll 



THE PILGRIM 15 



BIBLE WORD STUDY 

Atonement , the expiation of man's sins by Christ — 
Oxford. 

Under the old law much effort was spent to pay the 
penalty and make amends for sins and that man might be 
qualified for life eternal. Praise the Lord for His 
gift through His Son "by whom we have now received the 
atonement." (Romans 5:11) 

Save , to rescue, preserve, deliver from danger, misfor- 
tune, harm; bring about spiritual salvation of, preserve 
from damnation — Oxford. 

Our Bible frequently uses this word and we can under- 
stand its worth to us, that Jesus saves. "God, who hath 
saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not ac- 
cording to our works > but according to his own purpose 
and grace." (II Timothy 1:9) 

We have a high calling; our Master is not only just, 
He is also merciful and wants us tc have peace with Him, 
to love Him and praise Him and depend up~>n Him. Our 
lives' pass too quickly to spend any tiire other than in 
His will and service . 

— Martha Cover 



CCMMJNIGN NOTICES ' 

The Fall Lovefepst of the Salida Old Brethren Church 
will be held, the Lord willing, on October 17th and 
18th at the Salida meeting house , Salida, California. 
A hearty invitation and welcome is extended to all the 
brethren and sisters and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 

The. Fall Communion Meeting for the Canadian members 
will be held on September 27th-, the Lord willing, at 
the Amos Baker residence near Maple, Ontario, "Members 
and friends are cordially invited. - 

— Elmer Brovant 



16-- - - ■ — -— -fH E-PILSRl M = - - = s - . . 

CHILDREN >S PAGE 
A LIGHT FROM HEAVEN ' - : Acts 9:"I=&" r 

.Have, you ever heard of .a man called Saul? Saul' was 
his Hebrew name and Paul was' his Roman name.' ' As a ydufrg 
man his life had been devoted "to the study of the Law. 
His teacher was Gamaliel, the' most famous teacher of "the 
law at that time, Paul had studied so hard, I suppose;, 
he didn ! t have time to see Jesus, although they both 
lived at -the same time* What' he knew of Jesus he pro-- 
bably hedrd from "the Jewish teachers and lawyers. -This 
so-called educated class of people thought Jesus was a 
fake. . They supposed the redeemer of Israel was to be a 
king — -that He. would destroy their enemies, the Romans, • 
who ruled over them, • ' ■ 

After Jesus died on the cross for the sins of the 
world,, the people who bolievod-' in Him. we re called-' 
"Christians," At this time the Christians had been per- 
secuted in Jerusalem and some had escaped and f led" to 
'the "city of Damascus. Saul was given authority from the 
high priest to pursue the Christians to Damascus and 
arrest' and bring them back to Jerusalem. 

As Saul and his company (people of importance never 
traveled alone) came near Damascus , suddenly there 
shined a brilliant light about Saul and a -voice from 
heaven said, B -Satil, Saul, why do you persecute me?' 1 

And Saul falling down to the ground asked, "Who are 
jqujj Lord?" 

And the. voice from heaven replied, "I am Jesus/ whom 
you persecute," 

Then Saul was astonished and afraid and said/ ""What- 
will you have me to do?" 

And Jesus said/ "Arise, and go into the city,, and "it 

shall be told you -what you must do." 

• : When Saul got up from the ground; he was blind,, and 

someone, had to lead him by the hand. And they brought 

him to Damascus. 

Note: In the next Pilgrim we will learn what hap-.. 
pened to m Paul .in Damascus. 

Qu b r t ion t D I d ' th e m op who im)^9 w r\ wj t h Rsi i3 h ft a y 



ma 



THE PILGRIM 



VOL. 17 SEPTEMBER, 1970 NO. 9 

""Dearly beloved, I beseech you as Strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the souL" 1 Peter 2:11 



THE CLEFT OF THE ROCK.. 

There's a cleft in the Rock of Ages., , 
Where my soul may safely. hide. 

While the storms of life are raging 
And the billows roll. o'er the tide. 

-There is peace for the. soul that hideth 
In the Rock that is higher than I, 

For the soul that only confideth 
And the cleft of the Rock will try. 

Oh, soul, thou who now art- weary, 

To the Rock do come for rest, 
Come to Him who only can cheer thee, 
. To the dear loving Saviour's breast. 

Oh, the cleft of- the Rock . 
-Where my soul may hide,- .. 
While' the. storms of ..life" are: raging,.. 
And the bill ws : roll o'er the tide. 

"-r-S. E, Good, 1905 



THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rater $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent fre 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Woif. 
ADDRESS: THE PILGRIM, ROUTE 2. BOX 874. SONORA, CALIF. 95730 



YE BELIEVE IN GOD, BELIEVE ALSO IN ME 

In a former article we have shown that man can 
understand by the wonderful works of creation that 
there is a God. And because of this evidence, there 
may be many who profess to believe in God, Yet this 
confession may mean only a belief that there is a 
God. It may not include a belief in the Word of God 
that He created man in the way the Genesis account 
says He did, and that He made woman from man. There 
may be many who say they believe in God and at the 
same time contend that man evolved from a singular 
minute form of life over an extended period of time 
to eventually become a man. ■ 

On. the other hand there may be those who, like 
God*s ancient people Israel, believe in the true God 
and Creator but do not believe i n Jesus Christ that 
Be is the Son of God. So we find Jesus, in the four- 
teenth chapter cf St. John, encouraging and streng- 
thening His chosen disciples. and saying to them, n Ye 
believe in God, believe also in me. u 

In the light of New Testament revelation, it is 
evident that on£ cannot truly believe in God and at 
the same- time not believe in Jesus Christ that He is 
the. Son of God, For, "Whosoever confess eth that Jesus 
is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him and he in God. 11 
(I John 4:14,15) And, "He that believeth not God hath 
made him a liar; because he believeth not the record 
that God gave of his son." (I John 5:11) 

One cannot truly believe in God even as creator 
and not believe in Jesus Christ. For, "In the begin- 
ning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the 
Word was God. . . All things were made by him and 
without him was not anything made that was made. .. . 
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, and 
we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten 



THE PILGRIM 



of the Father, full .of .grace and truth." (St. John 1; 
1*3,14) Again in the first chapter of Hebrews it is 
said that God hath spoken to us in these last days 
by His Son who is the express image and glory of God, 
11 by whom also he made the worlds." 

Perhaps because of the severe chastisement which 
the Jews suffered for worshipping other Gods, and be- 
cause the. first commandment had said, "Hear, Israel: 
The Lord our God is one Lord:" and not. giving proper 
heed to the Genesis account of creation, nor yet what 
was written in their prophets and the Psalms about 
their coming Messiah, they could not accept Jesus as 
the Son of God and equal with God. In the creation 
God had said, "Let us make man in our image, after our 
likeness. . ." showing that there is a plurality in 
the Godhead* 

The prophet Micah had said, "But thou Bethlehem" ' 
Ephrata, though thou be little among the thousands of 
Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me 
that is tobe ruler in Israel; whose goings forth 
have been from of. old, from everlasting*" (Licah 5:2) 
Isaiah- also prophesied of a "Wonderful Child" that 
was to be born to Israel on whose shoulder the govern- 
ment should rest: "And his name shall be called 
Wonderful, Counsellor,, The mighty God, The everlasting 
Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the. Increase of his 
government and peace there .snail be no end, upon the 
throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it 3 
and to establish it with judgment and with justice 
from henceforth even forever." (Isaiah 9:6,7) 

Thus it Is evident that if those unbelieving rulers 
of the, Jews had not closed their minds to a right 
understanding of their Scriptures, they could have 
understood that their Messiah would be from heaven and 
of the Godhead. 

Though this was a vital question which first con- 
fronted, the Jews,, it, seems just as vital and applicable 
to us now, and to all men in every age since Jesus was 
here. Naturally, it should be more preferable to hear 
one confess a belief in God than to deny Him. But a 



4 . ' THE PILGRIM 



simple confession of a belief in God and not at the 
same time believe in Jesus Christ may be no better 
than no "belief at all. Here is where we must try the 
spirits when we come in contact with some who may say 
they believe in God but could not confess a faith in 
Jesus and His relation to God in the works of creation 
and redemption. For, "Every spirit that confesseth 
that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God. 
And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ 
is come in the flesh is not of Godt and this is that 
spirit of anti-christ, whereof ye have heard that it 
should come; and even now already is it in the world. 11 
(I John 4:2,3) 

To truly believe in God/ then, is much more than 
to simply confess that He is; or even to believe that 
He is the Creator of the universe. To truly believe 
in God is to believe all the revelation in the Word 
of God concerning His Son Jesus Christ. . . 

Whosoever 'believeth that Jesus is the Christ is 
bom of God: and every one that loveth him that begat, 
loveth him also that is begotten of him. By this we 
know that vie love the children of God, when we love - 
God, and keep his commandments. For this is the love 
of God, that we keep his commandments: and his command- 
ments are not grevous. 

For whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world: 
and this is the victory that overcometh the world, 
even our faith, Who is he that overcometh the world, 
but he that believeth that Jesus ia the Son of God? 
. . He that believeth on the Son of God hath the wit- 
ness in himself:- he that believeth not God hath made 
him a liar; because he believeth not the record that 
God gave of his Son. 

And this is the record, that God hath given to us- 
eternal life, and this life is in his Son. He that 
hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son 
of God hath not life. /• . And we know that the Son of 
God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that 
we may know him that is true, and we' are in him that 



THE. PILGRIM 



is true j even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the 
true God, and eternal life. (I John 5) 

'. —Daniel F. -Wolf 



ARE CHANGED INTO THE SAME IMAGE 

"But we all with open face , beholding as in a glass 

the glory of the Lord, are change d into the same image 

from glory the glory, even as by the Spirit of the 
Lord. 1 ' (II Corinthians 3:18) 

The divine miracle of changing is one of the amaz- 
ing processes working in the lives of Christians to" 
bring about complete harmony and likeness unto our ■ 
dear Lord, and furnishing the spiritual growing stage 
of every, .child of .God, unto divine perfection. 

. This divine process the Apostle- Paul outlines in : 
this gem verse we are considering in these articles,- 
We cannot bring about this great change by ourselves' 
any more than we can regulate the physical growth of' 
our own' bodies in developing to maturity. We can- 
only eat of the food God has given, : ar.d the develop- 
ment goes on as Paul s&ys, "Till we all, come In the 
unity of the faith, and knowledge of the Son of God 
unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature 
of the fullness of Christ, (Ephesians 4:13 Read to 
the end of the chapter.) So the changing process to 
at last have the same image, the same likeness, is 
the process of development; growing "in grace and in 
the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 
To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen." 
(II Peter 3:18) 

To behold as in a glass the glory of the Lord is 
simply to study, read and obey His Holy Word which 
portrays the glory of the Lord so much in His giving 
the divine directions and foods for the souls. The 
growth in grace is attended by the powerful aid of 
the Holy Spirit that the divine arrangment may pro- 
cede according to His mighty power." "Who shall change 



6 '"".' 7' THE PILGKIM 



our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his. 
glorious body according to the working whereby he is 
able to subdue. all things unto himself ." (Philippians 
3:21) This is the ultimate" attainment following our 
growth in grace and being faithful unto death. Is it 
not a thrilling experience — this gradual and continued 
growth in grace to have joy in the attainment of this 
feeling in our hearts? We read,. "Therefore, if any 
man be in Christ he is a new creature: old things are 
passed away, and behold all things are become new." s 
(II Corinthians 5:17) Yes indeed, we read that "God- 
liness is profitable unto all things, having the pro- 
mise of the life that now is, and that which is to 
come." (I Timothy 4:8) We behold the goodness of God 
that we can have this "joy unspeakable and full of 
glory," (I.' Peter 1:8) here in this life that helps to 
bridge the gap of death and to 'realize that eternal 
life here when we fully believe on Him. And so we 
can. pass through death unharmed, undiminished, but 
growing on and en as Jesus says, "I am the resurrec- 
tion and the life: he that believeth in me, though he 
were dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth 
and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou 
this?". (St, John llr25.26) 

The complete and finished work, the glorious image 
of our blessed Lord Jesus revealed in the gospel of our 
Salvation and His virtuous character of compassion 
for us shines outstandingly in the pages of His divine 
word. It brings to us who believe in Him the longing 
desire to see fulfilled in our lives the loving words, 
"Behold, what mariner of love the Father hath bestowed 
upon us, that We should be called the sons of God; 
therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew 
him not. Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it 
doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, 
when- he shall appear, we shall be like him; f or we 
shall see him as he is. And every man that hath this 
hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure." 
(I John 3:1-3) This is a great, though gradual, 
change, and we read, "Seeing ye have pruified your 



THE PILGRIM 



souls in obeying the truth. through the Spirit unto 
unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one 
another with a pure heart fervently. 1 * (I Peter 1:20) 
Indeed a part of this divine work of being changed 
into the same" image (of Christ) belongs to those in 
the work of grace to fulfill in our lives the fervent 
desire of our hearts that this change may be accom- 
plished fully, completely and eternally, body, soul 
and spirit to be joined together in His presence for- 
evermore. 

The change of life, God ! s work of love; 

Begun below, finished above; 
This work of grace and change of heart, 

Till we of God become" a part. 

We see by faith cur living Lord 

Portraying In His Holy Word; 
His grace and way we clearly see 

Till He was hung upon the tree. 

We bear our cross, we walk with Him 

Until the evil ways grow dim; 
Our hearts aglow; the way grows clear; 

We trust in Him and have no fear. 

For we behold His mighty power 
Leads on until the glorious hour 

When He emerges from the tomb, 

Gave hope to those who lived In gloom. 

As He arose, so we can too; 

Behold by faith a clearer view 
•Bridging the gap— the river flow, 

As through to life we onward go. 

change divine, loving grace, 
■ : That through this life of time and place 
We travel on the narrow way, 
Leading unt© eternal day. 



■THE PILGRIM. 



And- see at- last shining afar, 

The bright, and glorious morning star 

Shows soon will shine , our souls to bless 
The rising Son of Righteousness. 

God grant that you and I may see 

This morning of eternity;. 
Changed to be like our Lord on high, 

Coming to meet us in the sky. 

— J. I. Cover . » 
Sonera -j California 

Next: FROM GLORY TO GLORY 



PREVENT THEFT— LOCK YOURCARi 

Recently I noticed a sign on the bumper of a car 
with these words: "prevent Theft — Lock Your Car. 11 As 
I thought on this. statement I realized that it is 
good advice. It i$ wise to lock a car and by doing 
so make it hard for anyone to commit the crime of 
stealing, not to mention the wisdom of protecting a 
person's property. 

But there is something desperate and sad in this 
sign, too. It points 1 to the condition of the people 
of the world around us. It hints that "Of course 
you will be robbed if you don T t lock your car," It 
almost places responsibility for the act of stealing 
on the one against whom the crime is committed: "If 
you leave your car unlocked, it is your own fault if 
someone steals the car or your possessions." 

Perhaps this is making a big issue over a little 
statement, but is there not something in the devil's 
operations that is similar to this little warning? 
Satan would like to accuse God of protecting the 
righteous and working against the ungodly' as he ac- 
cused God of protecting Job. He would like men to 
believe that there is an excuse for sin or a reason 



THE PILGRIM 



men sin other than that their hearts are not right 
with God. He would like to accuse God of '.'leaving 
the car unlocked" and so to shift the blame for sin. 

In reality, the reason men sin- (or steal from a 
car) is because their hearts a**3 not cleansed and 
they do" not want to follow God or let Him rule their 
lives. Therefore the only way to prevent sin (or 
theft) is to" have the heart changed — washed in the 
blood of Jesus, this is God ! s answer to sin and it 
is the only real prevention. If the cars are all 
locked, (if there is no temptation) there still 
would be/unrighteous hearts and the problem is not 
solved . ' 

Do we believe it would be better if God would 
remove temptation from our lives? We pray "lead uq, 
not into temptation", and we certainly are wise to 
stay as far away from it as possible. The Sible 
says, "Abstain from every appearance of evil." We 
are vulnerable to sin if we deliberately go where 
there is temptation. If we do not want to drink, 
then ; we should stay cut of the bars. If we do not 
want to be tempted to steal, we should not try the 
doors to' see if they are unlocked, or peer inside to 
see if- there is anything valuable there. 

But still 'we cannot avoid temptation entirely.,. 
Many times we -cannot help what we see or what comes 
into our lives to demand a decision. But the only 
real answer is God's answer. Jesus was made "to, be 
sin for us... that we might be made the righteous- 
ness of God in him." (II Corinthians 5-21) "He bare 
our sins in his own. body on the tree, that we, being 
dead to sins, should live unto righteousness; by 
whose stripes ye were healed." (I Peter 2:24) "God 
sent his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, 
and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: That the 
'righteousness of the law (Thou shalt not steal.) 
might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the 
flesh, but after the Spirit." (Romans 8:3,4) 

The new moral code of today has what is called 
"situational ethics" or special consideration for 



10 -• - THE PILGRIM 



certain situations. They say that sometimes wrong 
might hot be so .wrong. If the door is left open and a 
young fellow needs the flashlight on the seat, it" 
Is not as bad as if he [ breaks the window- to get" it. 
Adultery in a case of loneliness or separation is not' 
as bad as some cases of unfaithfulness. But is there 
really any difference? Sin is sin. It is an offence 
against the living God. It cannot be excused or ex- 
plained away. It can only be repented of and for- 
given. In God Is.no variableness. . He Is the same 
yesterday } today and forever. The only real preven- 
tion for theft or any other sin is God T s way. He has 
the prevention and the cure for sin and the reward 
for faithfulness. Jesus said, "Him that cometh to me 
I will in no wise cast out. 1 ' (John 6:37) — LvC« 



NO TIME FOR GOD 

You've time to build houses, and in them to dwell. 
And time to do business — to buy and to sell, 
But none for repentance, or deep, earnest prayer; 
To seek your salvation you've no time to spare. 
You've time for earth's pleasures, for frolic and fun- 
For .her glittering treasures how quickly you run, 
But care not to seek the fair mansions above, 
The favor of God or the gift of His love. 
You've time to take voyages over the sea, 
And time to take -in the gay world's jubilee] 
But soon your bright hopes will be lost in the gloom 
Of the cold, d^.rk river of death and the tomb. 
You've time to resort to woods, mountain and glen, 
And time to. gain knowledge from books and of men; 
Yet, no time to Search for the wisdom of God. 
But what of your soul when you 1 re under the sod? 
For time 'will not linger when helpless you lie; 
Staring death in the face, you will take time to die! 
Then what of the judgment? ■■ Pause, think, I implore. 
For time will be lost on eternity's shore. 

From "The Gospel Reaper" 
Selected by Orpha E. Wagner 



THE PILGRIM ... 11 



OBITUARY 

EARL RAY SEELY, a native of Michigan, was 'born on 
October 24, 1893 and passed away on September 5, 1970, 
living almost 77 years. His early life was spent on a 
farm in the company of his grandparents, parents,, 
brothers and sisters. He enlisted in the navy. in 1917 
and served his country for over a year during the first 
world war. 

After his term of service,' he was married for 
seventeen years and then moved to California in 1938. 
His wife, Mary, preceeded him in death. 

Earl has lived in the west for the last thirty ■ 
years working mostly as a farm laborer and spending 
time in the Atwater area, in Oakland, in the Baker, 
Oregon area, up to Alaska, and most recently around 
Sonora, During the last eleven years, he made a per- 
manent home at Cover ? -s Apple Ranch near Tuolumne, 
California. 

Earl was a lover of the outdoors. He lived frugal- 
ly and without many comforts. He enjoyed to walk and 
would. cover many miles in an early morning outing. 
Since his retirement, he has been fond of children 
and pets from which he had .his greatest pleasures. 

'He was a strong -and willing worker, suffering from • 
heart trouble only in his last few years. He leaves- 
many friends, neighbors and acquaintances who are 
grieved at his passing. 

Funeral services were held at 10:00 A.M. on Septem- 
ber 8 at Heuton* Memorial Chapel in Sonora conducted 
by Joseph I. Cover assisted by Joseph L. Cover. Pall- 
bearers were Marvin Crawmer, V'illiam Crawmer, Carl 
Eikmeyer, Joseph Lingo, ; Joseph Wagner, and Elbert 
Woodhams. Burial was in Carter 1 s Cemetery in Tuolumne, 



As for man, his days are as grass: as a flower of 

the field, so he flourisheth. For the wind passeth 

over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall 

know it no more . _ 1 - Al - c - , 

— Psalms 104:15,16 



12 . , . . THE PILGRIM 



HISTORICAL 

THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY 
GAUL (FRANCE) 

Although the Franks undoubtedly received the Gospel 
via early missionaries and traders ' from other parts 
of the Roman Empire , they were quite siiow in accepting 
.it. ' Even the conversion of Cloyis near the end of 
the fifth century did not bring acceptance of. the 
Gospel by the masses. Indeed , this was a critical ■ 
time for the Frankish. people, previously Gaul had 
been a part of the Roman Empire, However , in the 
fifth century waves of Germanic invasions broke the. 
Roman hold over this area. It was under Clevis, .a 
strotig king, that, the Frankish Kingdom was- firmly 
established. The death of Gregory, however, height- 
ened the problem facing the Franks. _ Not only ..was, 
there confusion concerning the ethical- and. religious 
systems,, but the country was then : divided among, his 
four sons. This caused practically constant civil 
war until Pepin II gained ascendancy in 68? A.D. 

During this time of confusion the spark of Chris- 
tianity continued to flicker, not only from the es- 
tablished Roman source but from a new source as well. 
Christianity continued in spite of the fact that a 
majority of ■ the Franks espoused paganism worshipping 
rocks and trees, Migrations of Celtic people from 
Southwest Britain into the area new known as Brittany 
once again brought the Gospel to France. The prin- 
cipal missionary effort in this- movement was from 
Ireland and Britain. For a time the Church in 
Brittany and that of the rest of France were almost 
completely separate. However, In time they gradually 
became united as they both belonged within the frame- 
work of the established Roman Catholic Church. 

The Church In France thus remained in a rather 
lukewarm state having few adherents and those pri- 
marily in name only. While this state prevailed in , • 



THE PILGRIM 13 



the Church the political and economic systems were 
also in a state of chaos. This state continued until 
768 when Pepin III died, leaving the kingdom to his 
two sons j Carlcman and Charlemagne. While this 
potentially could have caused more disunity, Carloman 
died in 771, leaving Charlemagne the sole ruler. 

Charlemagne. was a skillful fighter as well as a 
shrewd administrater so that he was able to forge a 
strong kingdom from the relatively weak one that he 
inherited. By using the influence of papal Rome he 
was also able to forge an empire in 'Western Europe. 
In fact, he was crowned emperor in 800 by Pope Leo. 
This nominally "Christianized 11 most of Western Europe. 
Charlemagne introduced a new, concept in .the spread 
of Christianity — the use of force. While previous 
kings had accepted Christianity and urged their fol- 
lowers to do the same, never had one forced Christian- 
ity on a subject people. This was done with the 
blessing of the pope and certainly was a factor in 
decreasing paganism in this part of Europe. 

From Charlemagne * s time, Christianity seems to 
have been firmly established in France even though 
the Holy Roman Empire was to crack following his 
death. Christianity continued in France primarily 
as Roman Catholicism until the period of the Refor- 
mation. Since that time there have ^been small num- 
bers of Protectants. Today it is estimated that 
about 82% of the population is Roman Catholic. 



— Glen Jiu Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California 



COMMUNION NOTICES 

The Fall lovefeast of the Salida Old Brethren Church 
will be held, the. Lord willing, on October 17th and 
18th at the Salida meeting house, Salida, California. 
A hearty invitation and welcome is extended to all the 
brethren and sisters and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 



r 



14 THE PILGRIM 



BIBLE WORD REVIEW 

PERDITION : — Eternal death; damnation. (Oxford) Entire 
loss; ruin; utter loss of the soul , or of final happi- 
ness in a future state. (Webster) 

"Let^no.man deceive you by any means: ■• for that, day 
shall not come., except there come a falling, away first, 
and that man of sin be revealed,- the son of perdition/ 1 
(II Thessalonians.- 2:3) .- ..." 

As. we see by the definition, this word, perdition, ,- 
refers to a. future state* It is not a place, but will 
happen in hell or the lake of fire. According to our 
verse., there is a "son of .perdition/ 1 He is also 
called the "man of sin" and. he " oppose th and exalteth 
himself above all that is called God, or that is wor- 
shipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of 
God, shewing himself that he Is God." There is no 
repentance here. This is an enemy of God. Surely, 
his damnation or perdition is just. 

Our other verse says, "We. are not of them who draw 
back unto perdition; buo of them that believe to the- 
saving- of the soul/' How important it is, then-, to 
beli eve and not to draw back knowing that this would 
be unto perdition. — L/M.C. 



CHILDLIKE FAITH 

A little boy playing in the aisle of a transconti- 
nental train attracted the attention of another tra- 
veler - "Where are you going, my little man?" he asked. 

M Out west, sir," the boy replied, 

"But to what place?" asked the interested stranger. 

11 1 do not know, sir, but my father knows, and I am 
going with him," j ■ * "" :. 

Christians may not know what the future holds*,, but, 
they do know who holds the future. 

Selected from "The Christian 

: Example jt 



l\ 



THE PILGRIM 15 



THE SHUTTLE. 
'My days are swifter than a- weaver ! s shuttle/" -Job 7:6 

Our time of living here below,,, • '■: ■■ : 
■ The shuttle » s flashing come and go, 
Weaving across lifers warp our ways, 
Forever .going all our days. 

Life's loom began at early morn" ; ■' 

The fatal- moment we were born; 
Thread of our' deeds across' and on/ 

Time moves along and days are gone-. 

Swiftly the shuttle's flashing. land 
The colored thread from hand to ■ hand, 

Weaving a pattern — fabric grows, 
Design and color brightly shows. 

For on and on this tempo keeps, 
In waking days and In our sleeps] 

Our lives go on from sun to .sun. 

Repeating as each day is done. .' .- .- 

Our lives perhaps like verses strung, 
Might' intervenes as days are hung, 

And shows between each passing light 
A lighter 'record of each night. 

may there be designs most fair,/ 
Show application, loving care,- : .., 

For soon the shuttle's course Is run,. 
The loom is .silent, fabric done. 

—J . I . Cover 



Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and 
qlamour, and evil speaking, be put away from. you, 
with ail malice: 

And be. ye kind one to, another, tenderheafcted, for- 
giving one- another^ even as God for Christ's sake hath 
forgiven youv Ephesians 4:31,32 



CHILDREN 1 S ; PAGE, 
A CHANGED MAN Acts 9:10-22 

There was a disciple of Jesus in Damascus named 
Ananias. The Lord came to him in a- vision and told '•*.-■ 
him to go to a certain street in the city and in quire 
in the house of Judas for a man called Saul of- Tarsus. 
The Lord said that Saul had "been- praying and' had seen 
in a vision a man named Ananias who ; would" put : his hand 
on him so he would' receive his sight. Ananias was 
-fearful because Saul had. persecuted the Christians, 
but the Lord told him.to'gG anyway because He had 
chosen Saul to preach Jesus to the Gentiles. .. 

When Ananias entered the. house. jf Judas he said, 
15 Brother Saul r the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared 
unto you , ha s : - sent ■ me that you might . , re ce ive- . your 
sight and > be filled with the- Holy Ghost." ... 

As soon as Ananias had' finished speaking,. Saul had 
a wonderful thing: happen^ to him-. I suppose .when he 
saw that dazzling light when he had met the Lord on 
his wa? to Damascus > it had burned his eyes so that 
they were seared. Now that Ananias was here, there 
were scales or scabs that fell' from Saul* -s eyes and 
he could see again! Saul was not a man to do nothing 
about the wonderful miracle that had happened to him. 
The Bible says that Saul was baptized and stayed with 
the disciples for awhile and then he preached Christ 
in the synagogues, or Jewish churches. He told them 
that Jesus is 'the Son of God. 

Here is an amazing thing: Saul who had done every- 
thing in his power to persecute the Christians, was 
new one himself and was doing all he could to convert 
others to believe in Jesus.- He was a changed man 
because Jesus had spoken to him, Saul, who was later 
called Paul, always remained faithful to his Lord. He 
spent the rest of his life witnessing for Jesus and 
establishing churches throughout the Gentile world. 
Questions.: , 

(1) What did Ananias do to Saul before he received 
„. his sight? (Acts 9:17) 

(2) What did Saul, do after he was baptised? (Acts 9:19) 

—Rudolph Cover J 



THE PILGRIM 



VOL, 17 OCTOBER & NOVEMBER, 1970 NOS. 10 & 11 



"Dearly beloved, 1 beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 



PRAISE, MY SOUL, THE KING OF HEAVEN 

Praise, my soul, the King of Heaven; 
To His feet thy tribute bring;. 
Ransomed, healed, restored, forgiven, 
Who like me His praise should sing? 
Praise Him!" Praise the Everlasting King! 

Praise Him for His grace and, favor 

To our fathers in distress; 

Praise Him, still the same forever, 

Slow to chide, and swift to bless ♦ 

Praise Him! Glorious in His faithfulness! 

Father-like, He tends and spares us; 

Well our feeble frame He knows; 

In His hands He gently bears us, 

Rescues us from all our foes. 

Praise Him! Widely as His mercy flows. 

Angels help us to adore Him; 

Ye behold Him face to face; 

Sun and moon, bow down before Him, 

Dwellers all in time and space. 

Praise Him! Praise with us the God of grace! 

By J. G. Bitthauer ... . ,•,:-- 



THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 
ADDRESS; THE PILGRIM, ROUTE 2, BOX 874. SONORA, CALIF. 9573Q 



GOD'S ETERNAL PURPOSE 

In our consideration of God's wonderful majesty 
and power in the Creation, we may overlook some cf 
the equally or more wonderful things revealed in his 
Word about himself. 

There is more revealed of God in his Word than 
what can be known by beholding his handiwork with 
our eyes. In his Word he has revealed, at least in 
part, what he purposed in us before, and in, the 
creation of the world. 

In the Psalms it is said, "The heavens declare 
the glory of God, and the firmament sheweth his 
handiwork." But it is also said, "The law of the 
Lord is perfect, converting the soul." This shows 
that God is communicating intelligently with us and 
intends to bring us into relationship with him. 

In Romans 8: 28 it is said, "and we know that all 
things work together for good to them that love God, 
To them who are the called according to his purpose. 
For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate 
to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he 
might be the firstborn among many brethren. " Thus 
God purposed eternally that there should be a family 
of "many brethren" who would be like his Son Jesus 
Christ. And not only did he purpose this high 
calling for those who love him, but verse 30 shows 
he provided all the means to accomplish it. 

This same theme is elucidated and enlarged upon 
in the first chapter of Ephesians where it is said, 
"Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual bless- 
ings in heavenly places In Christ: according as he 
hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the 
world, that we should be holy and without blame 



•^Tlji 



THE PILGRIM 



before him in love: Having predestinated us unto - - 
th«- adoption of children by Jesus Christ unto himself , 
according to the good pleasure of his will \ '-'■;■_ . " 
Here it is revealed that we were chosen and predesti- 
nated before the foundation of the world to be child- 
ren of God through Jesus Christ. And this predesti- 
nation includes the ultimate gathering together of ■ 
all the children of God in Christy in heaven and on 
earth/ as said in verse 10. 

Again in Titus 1: 2 it is said, "In hope of eternal 
life which God,' which cannot lie, promised before the 
world was. !r Showing that God intended that his child- 
ren should have eternal life. And this life is in 
his Son. Therefore Jesus says-, "jyjy sheep hear my 
voice, and I know them, and they follow me: and I 
give unto them eternal life and they' shall never 
perish . . . ,l 

Also in Ephesians 3- 3~15>>. the apostle Paul says 
that there was a mystery (or secret) of God that was 
hid from former ages, but now (in Paul*s time) made 
known: that the Gentiles should b 8 "fellowheirs, and 
of the same body, and partakers of his promises in 
Christ by the gospel . .' . And to make all men see 
what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from - 
the beginning of the world hath been hid' in God, who 
created all things by Jesus Christ: To the intent 
that now unto the principalities and powers in heaven- 
ly places might be known by the church the manifold 
wisdom of God, according to the eternal purpose which 
he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord . . . For this 
cause I bow my knees unto the Father of eur Lord 
Jesus Christ, of whom the whole family in heaven and 
earth are named. 11 

Here it is revealed that God purposed, before he 
made the world, that the Gentile should be included 
in the united body of his people called the '-Church, 
which would show to all worlds His "manifold* wisdom" 
(in determining such a plan). But this was kept 
secret from men in other ages (before Christ), but 
was made known by the coming of Christ and the preach- 



k THE PILGRIM 



ing of the gospel, as said in II Timothy 1: 9,10, " 
11 . . . who hath saved us and called us with an holy 
calling, not according to our works, but according 
to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in 
Christ Jesus before the world began, but is now made 
manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, 
who hath abolished- death, and hath brought life and 
immortality to light through the gospel. ». 

"Finally: It is revealed in Matt. 2£:3k that God's 
eternal purpose includes the possession of a heavenly 
and eternal Kingdom- for his people: For when he 
comes again he willsay to the righteous, "Come ye 
blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for 
you from the foundation of 'the world. 1 ' 

In summery then, It is evident, by the Word of God, 
that God planned, before he made the world or man, to 
have a family composed of people of all nations to be 
like his Son Jesus Christ, united in one body, called 
the Church, of which Christ is the head; ultimately 
to be gathered together in Him to inherit the kingdom 
of God. 

How marvelously condescending of our God to make 
known to us what he intended for us before we were 
created or the world was made.. . This should help us 
to a more complete knowledge of nur obligation to him 
and abetter understanding of the prophecies of things 
to come. For we know that what he has purposed and 
promised, that he will surely do. 

Now to him that is of power to stablish you accord- 
ing to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, 
according to the revelation of the mystery, which was 
kept secret since the world began, But now is made 
manifest, and by the Scriptures of the prophets 
according to the commandment of the everlasting God, 
made known to all nations for the obedience of faith: 
To God only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for 
ever. Amen. 



Daniel F. Wolf 
Modesto, California 



TFE PILGRIi. 



FROM GLORY TO GLORY 

n But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass 
the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image 
from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the 
Lord." (II Corinthians 3:18) 

The divine and wonderful change that takes place 
in the Christian T s heart can be likened to a growing 
plant. We behold in it the skill and wonderful work- 
manship ef a seed planted in the soil, growing until 
the glory of the plant , the flower , becomes evident. 
The plant changes from the glory of the bud wherein 
the potentials of the developing flower show the high- 
est attainment: the amazing process of reproductive 
glory finally brought to maturity. 

So rings in our hearts the words of life: "For we 
are His workmanship created in Christ Jesus, unto good 
works, which God hath before ordained that we should 
walk in them." (Ephesians 2:10) "And the glory which 
thou gavest me, I have given them, that they may be 
one, even as we are one," (John 17:22) This glory of 
companionship, dwelling together in unity that our 
desires are to be one in Christ, to rejoice in the 
unifying power, and the fusing of these desires to be 
one with Him in glory may so unite us to attain to the 
transcendent glory that we can, by growing in grace, 
at last move from that glory on earth to the glory in 
Heaven . 

The process of attaining to oneness of mind, and 
feeling that unity with each other, and so to be like 
our Lord, that this attainment may grow to the feeling 
of expression that we may say: "0 the glory of the 
presence of God ©n earth, of Jesus Christ our Lord 
that by His glory He sheds a halo on every Christian 
pilgrim, that it lightens up the pathway of glory to 
glory!" ""Herein is our love made perfect, that we 
may have boldness in the day of judgment; because as 
He is, so are we in this world," (I John 4:7) Yes 
indeed, if conditions can be attained, all the atten- 



THE PILGRIM 



dent, blessings af our. pilgrim journey .will be rounded 
out in the joy of service. We will prize every word 
cf God- — our very spiritual living. We can be assured 
of God T s divine care over us, and we can walk as He 
■walked, until His glory of His earthly presence, 
hallowed by His living words and actions can descend 
on us as the gentle dews of heaven to the thirsty 
vegetation. Then the evidence of decay and death can 
be as we read, "Though the outward man perish, yet the 
inward man is renewed day by day." 

From this glory on earth we anticipate the magic 
and wonderful transfer to the glory of Heaven. 'As the 
lowly grub lives in obscurity, so our lives can be 
"hid with Christ in God." The grub of the earth 
lives and grows for the birth of transcendent change; 
so we too can finally spread our wings of glory M as 
of a dove" and fly away to the rapturous glory, "even 
as by the Spirit of "God." 

From glow to glory — what a change! 
The power of God so great and strange 
Works wonders in the day of grace 
To see our Saviour face to face, 

change divine I work of love I 

On earth below that change to prove 

In humble labor day by day, 

Hallow it all to watch and pray. I 

How happy is the Christian's, lot 
Upon the earth in little spot, 
Where glory glows and faith is strong," 
To live for Christ the whole day long. 

And witness to His living word, 

Our way, our life, our crowned King Lord 

His service be our living' trust, 

Who is so good and kind and just. 

He gives us strength, and by His grace 
We travel on the life-long race; 



THE PILGRIM 



We walk b^ faith and not by sight , 
And dare to stand up for the right. 

From glory here, to glory there 
He leads us on with loving care, 
That when our sun sets in the west 
With angels come to glory rest. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 

HOW STRONG ARE YOU? 

"If thou faint in the day of adversity, thy strength 
is small." (Proverbs 24:10) 

God has designed ways of showing to us our true 
condition before Him. Many times we feel that we are 
very strong and able to endure many temptations. Then 
we are inclined to. be careless in our decision to 
avoid evil that we would be "confronted with in this 
10b or that activity. 

Adversity or trouble of various kinds is designed 
by God to test our strength. He knows how strong we 
are. Yet many times we overestimate our strength and 
do not realize how very weak we are. Therefore, God 
designs these tests for us that we might be able to 
better understand ourselves and more carefully nurture 
the Christian life. 

What is vour reaction to a disappointment? How do 
you respond to a delay? Perhaps you are on a trip or 
you have planned something else, and something enters 
in which causes you to delay. It may be another per- 
son who has not kept' his part of a bargain; he may 
have been careless and not kept his word to you; or 
you may have had an accident or a car failure; perhaps 
there is sickness which would cause a delay or the 
changing of your plans. 

What is your response to such interference with 
your plans and wishes? If we cannot go through such 
adversity with thanksgiving to God for His mercies, 



THE PILGRIM 



knowing that He is planning them for us that we might 
prow thereby, we have an alarm signal. It is an indi- 
cation that we are sick spiritually. Our faith is 
very weak. We do not believe that God is, and that 
He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek Him, 
as we ought to. 

What is it that makes our faith strong? "So faith 
cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God," 
(Romans 10:17) "I have. written unto you, young men, 
because ye aie strong, and the word of God abideth in 
you, and ye have overcome the wicked oneJ r (I John 2:14) 
The Word of God Is that which makes our faith strong. 
We cannot get by with a diet of one meal a week, or 
two meals a week which we might get in the church 
services. 

We must learn to feed u; on the Word as though our 
very life depended upon it. Indeed it does depend 
upon It. "The words that I speak unto you, they are 
spirit, and they are life." (John 6:63) H As newborn 
babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye 
may grow thereby. M (I Peter 2:2) From these and other 
passages we learn that the lord is our food; without 
It, we will die. 

We eat the natural food three times a day. Some- 
times there is a fourth meal, or a snack In between 
the three meals. Children who are healthy and growing, 
though they have had three good meals during the day, 
will at bedtime say, "I'm hungry, Mama, what can I 
eat?" There is a strong, healthy appetite in the 
healthy, growing body. In the same way, if our spiri- 
tual man is strong and healthy, there is a strong, 
healthy appetite for the spiritual food. A weak 
appetite for the spiritual food indicates a very weak 
condition that is cause for alarm. We need to begin 
to feed the spiritual man that he might become strong 
a*nd have therefore a strong appetite. When children 
lose their appetite, immediately we know they are' 
sick; so with the spiritual man: if the appetite 
grows wane, then we know there is a sick condition. 

The first step toward feeding on the Word is a 'tie- 



THE PILGRIM 



cision that it is necessary. A second step is to de- 
cide that we want it above anything else. A third 
step is to decide a time when we shall feed on the 
Word regularly. A fourth step is to decide on some 
method of procedure in our study. 

You will discover that in nothing has Satan" ever 
resisted you so much as a regular time of studying the 
Scriptures. It is his greatest enemy in your life. 
Therefore he sets all his hosts in array against you 
and will go as far in opposing you as God will allow 
him to. Be prepared to determine to stick with it. 
Look to God to give you the victory over him that for 
no cause you will give way to his resistance. 

You will find that this will be the greatest source 
of blessing you ever experienced in your life. The 
daily feeding on the Word makes you strong. It clari- 
fies the issues; it sharpens your thinking; it removes 
the fog. Over a period of time you will become aware 
that the things which were problems to you are now 
clearing up and you have a very clear answer to them. 
Such study satisfies the soul, destroys the longings 
of the flesh, brings peace, and fills you with the joy 
of the Lord. You find' that indeed "The blessing of 
the Lord, it maketh rich, and he addeth no sorrow 
with it. M (Proverbs 10:22) 

Do not be satisfied with reading the Word only. 
Dig into it; study the Word, Take verses apart word 
by word; observe how the word is used; observe what 
is said about this word in this passage. Take a good 
concordance and study this word throughout the Scrip- 
ture. Compare the Scriptures and get a balanced view 
of the Scriptural teaching on this subject. Study the 
meaning of words. 

Another approach is to study a character in the 
Scriptures by observing all that the whole Bible tells 
us about him or her. Try to place yourself into the 
experience of this individual. Observe how God worked 
and responded to his faithfulness or his unfaithful- 
ness. 

One very fruitful study that every young person 



10 ' THE PILGRIM 



should engage k in before marriage is a thorough study 
of the doctrines of the Word. It may take days or 
weeks, or perhaps even months in some cases, to cover 
a doctrine as you would like. Stay with it. Do not 
give up* Be courageous in your study. Get up early 
in the morning and spend an hour or so each day with 
this type of activity. 

As you study, let the Lord search you out. Apply 
it to your own life. Make everything personal to 
yourself. Do not think of others during this time of 
study. This is a time of study for your own admoni- 
tion^ encouragement , re proof , rebuke, comfort, and 
whatever you need to build the Christian life and to 
strengthen the inner man. 

When you- have' followed this pattern for some months 
or years, you will find that you will be strong in 
adversitjr. You will not have to make yourself strong, 
or boost yourself up for some experience that will 
come along in life, but you Will : already be strong 
and fitted for the battle. Do not wait to begin such 
a preparation till the battle comes in all its fury. 
Fit and prepare yourself by the Word of God. 

The responsibility is yours ; no one else can do it 
for you. Bible schools, correspondence courses, and 
such like helps are no true substitutes for this per- 
sonal' Bible study. 

God bless you as you proceed. 

By Paul.M. Landis in "The Christian Example" 
Selected by Lois Martin 



BIRTHS 

COVER: a son, Jesse Reuben, born to Joseph and Carol 
Cover on October 4, 1970 at Sonora, California. 

DHJDGE; a son, Roger Amos, born to John and Elizabeth 
Drudge on November 1, 1970 at Wroxeter, Ontario. 

CONING; a son, Thaddaeus Michael, born to Melvin and 
Marilyn Coning on November 5^ 1970 at Goshen, Indiana. 



THE PILGRIM 11 



GIVE THANKS UNTO THE LORD 

In the book of Colossians, chapter 3> verse 15 are 
these words: "And let the peace of God rule in your 
hearts , to the which also ye are called in one body; 
and be ye thankful ." In the same epistle, chapter 2, 
verses 7 and 8 it says, M As ye have therefore received 
Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk ye in him: Rooted and 
built up in him, and stablished in the faith, as ye 
have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving, " 
"Thankful" or "thankfulness" and "thanksgiving" are 
similar in meaning but not identical. Thankfulness 
is what we have in our hearts, and thanksgiving is our 
expression of it. 

Comparing these words reminds me of an incident in 
my own experience. An older aunt of mine lives alone 
very near the road we travel every two weeks to church. 
We talked many times of stopping in but were always 
tired, in a hurry, or claimed some other excuse. One 
time I told her we thought of her often- as we passed 
her house. She replied, "I never would have known it J" 
This is true. Unle.ss our thoughts and feelings are ex- 
pressed or demonstrated, no one knows about them. If 
we are thankful for a gift, the giver will not know 
it for sure until we tell them and show them our 
thankfulness. 

We would not reason quite the same and say that if 
we do not thank God for our gifts He will not know 
that we are thankful because He knows our thoughts 
and the intents of our hearts. But God wants us to 
be thankful and also to express our thankfulness in 
thanksgiving. God says through David the psalm 
writer: "0 give thanks unto the Lord; call upon his 
name: make known his deeds among the people. Sing 
unto him, sing psalms unto him: talk ye of all his 
wondrous works." These are action verbs and are some 
of our duties to God. These actions will demonstrate 
thankfulness in the heart. 

One writer recommends making a list to help in our 
thanksgiving. He says to first list our many blessings 



12 THE PILGRIM 



and assets; then make a list of our grievances and 
troubles; then proceeding quickly to the next step, 
give thanks for all of them. This is important because 
we read in Ephesians 5:^20 about "Giving thanks always 
for all things unto God and the Father in the name of 
our Lord Jesus Christ. This also reminds us of the 
promise of Romans 8:28., "And we know that all things 
work together for good to them that love God, to them 
who are the called according to his purpose." If we 
do not want to admit that even our troubles are good 
for us and occasions for thanksgiving, then perhaps we 
should question our love for God, for this is the 
oualification of the promise. 

We could certainly make a long list of blessings 
to be thankful for today. We have national blessings 
of freedom and oportunity, material blessings more 
than any of our forefathers, blessings of health, 
children, friends and brethren, fellowship and happi- 
ness. But most outstanding on our list will be the 
blessings of salvation through Jesus Christ our Lord. 
"As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he 
removed our transgressions from us," "0 give thanks 
unto the Lord, for he is good: for his mercy endureth 
for ever. Let the redeemed of the Lord say so..." 

— L.C. 

MY FATHER ] ROVIDES 

My Heavenly Father provides for me: 

A Shepherd, the Lord Jesus Christ, who cares for me. 

He provides my pasture. There is abundant food for 
the soul as well as the body. Each day there is a new 
supply for my new needs. 

He provides my rest. He leads His sheep into the 
quiet, shaded, deep places with God, beside the still- 
moving river of His presence. 

He provides for my restoration. No matter how spent 
and weary I become physically, and sometimes spiritual- 
ly, He restores both body and soul. 

He provides safety In the presence of my enemies. 
There are enemies of the spirit that are prepared to 



THE PILGRIM 13 



overwhelm me and destroy all my effectiveness. But my 
Shepherd spreads His table of supply before me. I 
leave it refreshed, undaunted, prepared for whatever 
may come. 

He provides in abundance. There is such infilling 
of the Spirit available that whenever I reach out my 
cup it overflows. There is more than enough for me 
and I can reach out to others and supply for them. 

He provides my eternal home, places goodness and . 
mercy along my pathway, and, when I reach the house of 
the Lord at last, I may dwell there forever. 

My God, I love Thee; net because , 

I hope for heaven thereby, 
Nor yet because who love Thee not 

Are lost eternally. 
Thou, my Jesus, Thou didst me 

Upon the Cross embrace; 
For me didst bear the nails, and spear, 

And manifold disgrace. 
And griefs and torments numberless, 

And sweat of agony; 
Yea, death itself; and all for me 

Who was Thine enemy. 
Then why, Blessed Jesus Christ, 

Should I not love Thee well? 
Not for the sake of winning heaven, 

Nor of escaping hell; 
Not from the hope of gaining aught, 

Not seeking a reward; 
But as Thyself hast loved me, 

ever-loving Lord. 
So would I love Thee, dearest Lord, 

And in Thy praise will sing; 
Solely because Thou art my God, 

And my most loving King. 

A seventeenth century hymn. Selected by Alma Garber 



ANNOUNCEMENT 
The Salida Congregation held an election for a 
deacon October. 16. Brother Joseph Wagner was chosen 
and installed with his wife Letha. Daniel F. Wolf 



14 ■■"■".. ■ ■■• THE PILGRIM 



• ■ :> - '* •- HISTORICAL 

■ : . < : THE -SPREAD OF .CHRISTIANITY 

THE LOW COUNTRIES— BELGIUM AND HOLLAND 

Unlike many of the countries which we have previous- 
ly examined , the low countries were never fully in- 
tegrated into the Roman Empire, ' While it is true that 
small portions of present day Belgium had been a part 
of the Roman Empire and consequently exposed to 
Christianity, most of the early missionary work had 
been completely undone by the barbarian invasion which 
destroyed the empire. 

When the great missionary effort of the Anglo- 
Saxons of England began, it was to the low countries 
that the Gospel was first carried. They had been 
preceded by the Irish 'monks. The combined effort of 
these two evangelistic groups w^re able to bring about 
the conversion of the majority of the people in these 
countries by the end of the eighth century. 

One of the early missionaries to this area included 
Amandus who had been a monk since he 'was a young man. 
He made his headquarters in Ghent. Under the author- 
ity given him by the Merovingian ruler, Dagobert I, 
he instituted a -building program which succeeded in 
establishing many new churches. Not content with the 
gain he had made, he persuaded Dagobert that baptism 
should be made compulsory. When this was instituted 
popular revolts followed. Amandus eventually fell out 
with Dagobert and was banished. He then journeyed 
south to work among the Basques. 

Eligius was another missionary who had a great 
"effect on Belgium. He was trained as a goldsmith and 
consequently -quite-wealthy. This wealth was used to 
free slaves, build churches and aid the poor. In 
addition he was. handsome and. a tireless preacher. The 
combination made him. very popular causing him to suc- 
ceed in areas where Amandus had failed. He was con- 
secrated Bishop of Koyoh, a Belgium diocese, in 641. 



THE PILGRIM ' ' " " ' 15 



Bishop Wilfrid was the first English missionary to 
Friesland. In 67S he journeyed through the land 
preaching the Gospel and baptizing those who believed. 
It is said that a great deal of his success can be 
attributed to an unusually large catch of fish and 
bountiful harvests. As Wilfrid was an ardent Catholic, 
the Church in Friesland became tied to Rome though 
there had been no previous political ties. 

Another English missionary, Willibrord, went with 
eleven young men to Utrecht. There with the support 
of Pepin of Heristal and the pope he began to labor 
to bring the Gospel to the Frisians. He continued for 
forty years until he was eighty one, Not only was he 
aided by the authority of Pepin, but also by Pepin's 
son, Charles Martel. Although he lived to see the 
majority of the Frisians converted, there was still a 
group in the northeast lead by Radbod. Radbod' s suc- 
cessor, Alogisl II, was a Christian. This allowed the 
conversion of the Frisians to be carried forward by 
Winfrith (or Boniface) who was later to be instrumen- 
tal, in the bringing of the Gospel to the Germanic 
peoples. Although he labored from 719-722 he too was 
unable to complete the -conversion of the people. 
However, after la boring. for years among th6 Germanic 
peoples, he returned to the Frisians where he labored 
for two years. His death came in 754 while at a river- 
side with a group of Christians. They were suddenly 
set upon by pagans. Many of the group resisted, but 
it is reported that Boniface urged them to stand fast 
and accept martyrdom. Later a band of his followers 
inflicted severe punishment on the pagans forcing the 
remainder of the group to accept Christianity. 

The final conversion of the Frisians came during the 
reign of Charlemagne who conquered most of Europe 
spreading Christianity by force. Thus at the end of 
the -eighth century the area was predominantly Christian — 
achieved by the zeal of. the missionaries and imperialism 
of Charlemagne. _ Glen ^ JJ^ MJ)> 

Stockton, California 
Reference: A History of the Expansion of Christianity 



16 THE PILGRIM 



CHILDREN'S PAGE 
ESCAPE IN A BASKET. . Acts 9:23-25 

i" r 

After Saul was converted he preached that Jesus, 
whom the Jews had killed, was alive. Because of this 
the Jews of Damascus wanted to kill Saul, and made 
plans how they would capture him. It would- have taken 
a long time to search' every house in the city for 
Saul, so they decided to have men watch by the gates. 
of the city, and when Saul went out they would take 
him. The city of Damascus was an old, old city with 
high walls all around" it. The only way to go in or 
out of the city was -through the gates. Here was 
where the men waited, watching everyone who passed 
out of Damascus. 

But God had a work for Saul to do, and somehow 
Saul was informed of the plan to arrest him. Now that 
Saul was a Christian, he had Christian friends.- The 
disciples of Jesus began to make plans, "too, only they 
made plans for Saul to escape out of the city. And 
what do you think they did? One night when It was 
dark they. took Saul up on top of the great, high wall 
of the city. One of the disciples carried a big 
basket and a rope; then they tied the rope to the 
basket. Saul got into the basket and they let him 
down the outside of the wall till he reached the 
ground, safe outside the walls of the city. Saul was 
next heard of In Jerusalem; so he escaped out of his 
enemies 1 hands. 

I wonder how long those Jews waited and .watched by 
the city gates before they heard that Saul was no 
longer in Damascus. 

QUESTIONS: 

(1) What happened to Saul in Jerusalem? (Acts 9:26) 

(2) What did Barnabas do for Saul? (Acts 9:2?) 

— Rudolph Cover 



THE PILGRIM 



VOL, I? DECEMBER, 1970 NO. 12 



^Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 



WE WAIT A STAR 

The heavens waited, bare and awed, 

To be set aglow by God;; 

A hush, a single prick of light, 

Another, till from sheer delight 

The morning stars together sang 

And heaven's farthest reaches rang, 

Hearing the firmament proclaim 

The wonder of His matchless name. 

Dim, distant morn, when stars were born! 

Three men met on a long-past day; 
Three kings were they from far away; 
And they had followed far, -"so far, ., 
The guidance of a brilliant star; 
It led them over hill and glade, 
Through mountain pass, in sun and 'shade, 
To where the Lord Christ Jesus lay; 
Glory came down to earth that day; 
wondrous morn when Christ was born I 

Again, bright and morning Star, 
We wait Thy coming from afar; 
Our hearts have waited long. Thy bride 
Yearns to be at her Bridegroom 1 s side; 
Throughout the long dark nights Wf pray, 
"Come, blessed Lord, do not delay!" 
• Our eyes are weary and grown dim 
From searching distant skies for 'Him... 
We wait a Star, we wait a Star! 

By Martha Snell Nicholson 



"THE PI L_<3RIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2,00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 
ADDRESS: THE PILGRIM, ROUTE 2. BOX 874. SONORA, CALJF. 95730 



ROOM FOR THE SAVIOR 

"And she brought forth her firstborn son, and 
wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a 
manger; because there was no room for them in the 
inn." (Luke 2:7) 

Joseph and Mary had to use the lowly stable for the 
birth of the Baby who was to be Savior of the world. 
There was no room for Him in the regular accomodations 
for travellers. So it is now. There is room in the 
lowly hearts, but much of the world today has no room 
nor time for the Son of God. 

In so many areas Jesus is crowded out. There is no 
room for Him* in the pleasurss of the world because 
these mean indulgence and self-gratification. Jesus 
calls for self-denial: "If any man will come after me, 
let him deny hijnself, and take up his cross daily, and 
follow me," (Luke 9:23) 

There is no room for Jesus in much of the business 
world because from a businessman* s standpoint, much of 
Jesus' way is impractical. In I Corinthians 10:24 
Paul writes, "Let no man seek his own, but every man 
another's wealth." Jesus says, "For what shall it 
profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and lose his 
own soul." (Mark 8:36) 

The world of sports has a different goal of honor 
and excelling over others, so hasn't a place for . 
Jesus. Jesus' way is "...in honour preferring one 
another." (Romans 12:10) 

The world of entertainment is dedicated to pleasing 
men and has no room for Jesus' way which recommends 
pleasing God. Paul says in Galations 1:10, " . . .do I 
seek to. please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should 
not be the servant of Christ." 

Much of the professed church is not letting Jesus 



THE PILGRIM 



have His place. Kary is honored above Him by many. 
By others His miracles ars discredited even including 
the miracle of His birth. 

He is excluded even at this time of year when men 
are supposedly celebrating His coming into the world. 
The event of His birth is forgotten among the costly 
gifts , the stories , the tinsel and idolatry that make 
up the "Christmas" of the world. 

But there is one place where Jesus must have room. 
That is in the hearts of His people. He has- -.made an 
offer that is good for all time/ "Behold, I stand at 
the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and 
open the door, I will come in to him and- will sup with 
him, and he with me." (Revelation 3:20) This means 
to make room in your heart and your life for the Lord. 

When Jesus has His place in the heart, then the ■ 
Christian can have Godly pleasures, a legitimate 
business. Christian joy and fellowship, and he can 
remember the birth of Christ with gratitude to God 
for His wonderful works. When Jesus reigns in the : 
heart, His presence purifies, and the scripture (Titus 
1:15) applies where It says, "Unto the pure all things 
are pure..." But when Christ is not in a man, the 
last part of the same verse applies to him, "...but 
unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing 
pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled." 

How important it is to give Jesus room in our 
hearts I He came as a lowly Baby born in a stable of 
a poor family from a conouered nation. But now He 
reigns as Kings of line's and Lord of Lords. Never 
again will men crucify Him, but every knee will bow 
to Him and every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ 
is Lord to the glory of God the Father. 

Then will be the time when we will want the Lord 
to have room for us. He is preparing for us — not a 
stable — but a place where there are many mansions. 
And there is room there for all who will make room 
for Him now. — L.C. 



THE PILGRIM 



• . ROOM FOR THEE' 

Thou didst leave Thy throne,. and Thy kingly crown, 

:¥hen Thou earnest to earth for me; 
But in Bethlehem' s" home there was found no room 

For Thy holy nativity > ' 

Heaven 1 s arches rang, when the angels sang, 

Of Thy -birth, and Thy royal decree; 
But in lowly birth didst Thou come to earth, 

And in greatest humility. 

Foxes found their rest, and the birds had their nests 

In the shade of the forest tree; 
But Thy couch was the sod, Thou Son of God, 

In the deserts of Galilee. 

Thou earnest, Lord, with the living Word 

That should set Thy people free; 
But with mocking and scorn, and with crown of thorn 

Did they take Thee to Calvary. 

When the heavens shall ring and its choirs shall sing, 

At Thy coming to victory, 
Thou wilt call me home, saying "let there is room," 

There is room at my side for Thee. 

Oh, come to my heart, Lord Jesus i 
There is room in my heart for Thee. 

Oh, come to my heart, Lord Jesus, come! 

There is room in my heart for Thee. Amen, 

—Emily E. S. Elliott, (1836-1897) 



BAPTISMS 

We -rejoice much that the following precious souls 
have confessed their faith in Jesus Christ and ac- 
cepted baptism: Sister Linda Martin, October 31 

Brother Timothy Royer, November 14 
— Elmer Brovant 



THE PILGRIM 



THE GCSPEL 

The Gospel is the proclamation of God's eternal 
purpose in creating the world and man and the call to. 
man to voluntarily accept and respond to that revealed 
purpose. 

It reveals what God has already done, what He is 
doing now, and what He will do in the future to ac- 
complish what He has purposed. We had no counsel in 
this great purpose and plan, but inasmuch as we are 
subjects and beneficiaries of it, it was necessary 
that it should be made known to us so that we might 
make it our willing and intelligent choice. 

The dictionary says that the word "gospel" literal- 
ly means "good news" or "glad tidings." But, especial- 
ly, it means "the good news concerning Christ, the 
kingdom of God, and salvation. Other definitions are: 
"The teachings of Christ and the apostles as a body or 
system,-" and, "The history of the life and doctrines 
of Jesus Christ, as contained in the four canonical 
books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John." 

The word "Gospel" occurs more than eighty times in 
the New Testament preceeded by the article, "the"— 
"The Gospel" — as if in the sense in which it is used, 
there is only one Gospel . It is, therefore, The Good 
News or Glad Tidings of a very singular event in his- 
tory which God promised in the Old Testament Scriptures 
and began its fulfillment in the birth of our Lord 
Jesus Christ into the world as a Bethlehem Babe. 

We commonly, think of the "Gospel" only in the New 
Testament, but it abounds also in the Old Testament 
in the many Messianic promises of a coming Redeemer 
and Saviour. The first of these promises waB announced 
in Eden at the time of the fall when it was said that 
the seed of the woman would bruise the serpents head. 
It did not say in what manner this would be done, but 
was a promise that there would be a Redeemer and in 
spite of the fall there would be a redemption, and 
God's purpose in the creation would be victorious. 

Thus in the Old Testament the Gospel is the an- 



6 THE PILGRIM 



nouncement that the. Redeemer would come, and in the 
New Testament it is the Glad Tidings that the Redeemer 
has come and redemption has begun. 

Someone has said, "In the Old Testament the New is 
concealed, and in the New Testament the Old is re- 
vealed." A certain writer has said, "The Redemption 
accomplished through Calvary and the Resurrection 
began the fulfillment of the promise given centuries 
before. Before the New Testament was written, the 
apostles could preach the Gospel — what had been pro- 
mised and what had been performed. The New Testament 
simply put into a written form the Good News that the 
Old Testament promise was being performed in Christ." 

The Apostle Paul says, "And the scriptures fore- 
seeing that God would justify the heathen through 
faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, Saying, 
In thee shall all nations be blessed." (Galatians 3:8) 
Christ is the seed of Abraham (Galatians 3: 16), and the 
blessing that was and is to come upon all nations 
through Jesus Christ is the very heart and essence of 
the Gospel. And so, in the opening of Jesus' sermon 
on the mount, He first of all pronounced blessings 
upon His disciples who humbly believed and followed 
Him. 

In the first chapter of St. Mark we read: "The 
beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of 
God; As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send 
my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy 



NEW BOOK: "HEIRS OF THE PROMISE" 

"Heirs of the Promise", a sixty seven page book- 
let by D. F. Wolf is now available. It is a com- 
mentary on the subject of God's promises to Abraham 
and the relation of Israel and the Church to the 
Kingdom of God. Price: 75 $ postpaid. 
Orders may be sent to: 

THE PILGRIM or D. F. WOLF 

Rt. 2, Box 874 3561 McDonald Ave. 

Sonora, Calif. 95370 Modesto, Calif. 95351 



THE PILGRIM 



way before thee. The Voice of one crying in the wil- 
derness , Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his 
paths straight," (Mark 1:1-4) Also in verses 14,15: 
"Now after that John was put into prison, Jesus came 
into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, of 
God, and saying, The time is fulfilled,, and the king- 
dom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the 
gospel." 

When Jesus went into the synagogue at Capernaum 
(Luke 4:16) and was given the book of the prophecy of 
Isaiah, he read from what we know as the sixty first 
chapter: "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because . 
he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; ■ 
he hath sent me to heal the broken hearted, to preach 
deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight 
to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, 
To preach the acceptable year of the Lord... and he 
began to say unto them, This day is this scripture 
fulfilled in your ears." (Luke 4: 16-21) This was as 
joyful a message of Glad Tidings concerning Himself 
as any in the holy Book. It seems significant that in 
Luke 4:18 the word "gospel" is used where in Isaiah 
61:1 it says "good tidings." In a similar quotation 
in Romans 10:15, the word "gospel" is used where in,, 
Isaiah 52:7 it says "good tidings." 

Some other joyful expressions of these Glad Tidings 
of the contemplation of the coming Saviour in the Old 
Testament, and the realization of its fulfillment in 
the New Testament are as follows: 

"I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, my soul shall 
be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the 
garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the 
robe of righteousness , as a bridegroom decketh hint- 
self with ornaments, and as a bride adometh herself 
with her jewels." (Isaiah 61:10) "How beautiful upon 
the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good 
tidings, that publisheth peatce; that bringeth good 
tidings of good, that publisheth salvation, that saith 
unto Zion, Thy God" reigneth. Thy watchmen shall lift 
up the voice; with the voice together shall they sing: 
for they shall see eye to eye, when the Lord shall 



THE PILGRIM 



bring -again Zion. Break forth into joy, sing together, 
ye waste places of Jerusalem: for the -Lord hath com- 
forted his people, he hath redeemed Jerusalem* The 
Lord. hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes' of all 
the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see 
the salvation of our God." (Isaiah 7-10) 

."Therefore shall the redeemed of the Lord return 
and come with singing unto Zion: and everlasting joy 
shall be on their heads: they shall obtain gladness 
and joy: arid sorrow and mourning shall flee away J 1 
(Isaiah 51:11) "He will swallow up death in victory; 
and the Lord shall wipe away tears from off all faces; 
and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from 
off all the earth: for the Lord hath spoken it." 
(Isaiah 25:8) "Rejoice greatly, daughter of Zion; 
shout, daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy king Com- 
eth unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; low- 
ly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal 
of and ass." (Zechariah 9:9) 

"And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, and 
my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour." (Luke 1: 
46,47) "And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, 
behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which 
shall be to all people. For unto you is born this 
day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ 
the Lord." (Luke 2:10,11) 

"Lord now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, 
according to thy word: For mine eyes have seen thy 
salvation, which thou hast prepared before the face of 
all people; A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the 
glory of thy people Israel." (Luke 2:29-32) "Him hath 
God exalted with his right hand to be a prince and a 
Saviour, for to give repentance t© Israel, and for- 
giveness of sins." (Acts 5:31) "And we declare untc 
you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made 
unto the fathers, God hath fulfilled the sajne unto us 
their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; 
as it is written In the second Psalm, Thou art my Son, 
t*is day have I begotten thee." (Acts 13:32,33) 

In concluding this article, we are; yet reminded that 



THE PILGRIM 



one cf cur definitions for "Gospel" was "the teaching- 
of Christ and the apostles as a body or system* 1 * 
There is much current evangelism which emphasizes only 
what Jesus did, but Jesus Himself made what He said as 
important as what He did. He said, "Heaven and earth 
shall pass away, but mv words shall not pass away." 
And, "The words that I speak; they are spirit and they 
are life." (John 6:63) "Therefore whosoever heareth 
these sayings of mine, and doeth ;them, I will liken him 
to a wise man, which built his house upon a rock- And 
the rain descended and the floods. -came, and the winds 
blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for 
it was founded upon a rock. And/ everyone that heareth 
these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be 
likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon 
the sand: and the rain descended, and 'the floods came, 
and the winds blew, and beat upon! that house; and it 
fell: and great was the fall of.it." '(Matthew 7:24-2?) 
"Jesus answered and said, If a man love me, he will 
keep my words: and my Father will love him, and* we' '• 
will come unto him, and make our abode with him. He 
that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings, and the- 
word which ye hear is not mine, but the "Father* s which 
sent me... Peace I leave with/you, my peace I give 
unto you: not as the-- world giveth, give I untc you. 
Let not your heart be troubled , neither let it be 
afraid." (John 14:23-2?) rr I am the resurrection and 
the life: he that believeth in me, though he were 
dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever liveth. and be- 
lieveth in me shall never die."- (John 11:25,26) "My 
sheep hear my voice, and I know' them, and they follow 
me: And I give unto them eternal life;, and they shall 
never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of 
my hand." (John 10: 2?, 28) "Come unto me, all ye that 
labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 
Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek 
and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your * 
souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light." 
(Matthew 11:28-30) 



— D.. F, Wolf 

Modesto, California 



10 THE PILGRIM 



THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD 

"But we all with open face beholding as in a glass 
the glory of the Lord, are changed into "the same image 
from glory to ^lory, even as by the Spirit of the 
Lord." (II Corinthians 3:18.) ~ — ~ 

The mighty, moving power that in the beginning 
moved upon the face of the waters, having His share 
in the work of creation; moving, acting, being in per- 
fect harmony: one of the triune Father, Son and Holy 
Ghost, we desire to write of in reverence and praise. 

The Holy Spirit bears witness on earth and record 
in Heaven. (I John 5:6-8) He may have charge of all 
the "ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for 
them who shall be heirs of salvation," (Hebrews 1:14) 
and also the great Recorder in Heaven. 

The Comforter has come, for Jesus says, "I will 
send Him unto you." So in a mighty demonstration of 
His power He came "when the day of Pentecost was fulljr 
come" and baptized them with the Holy Ghost. Now the 
Apostles and brethren being "endued with power from 
on high" (Luke 24:49), with cloven tongues of fire 
upon their heads, witnessed to that notable event and 
began to tell of the wonderful works of God, and glor- 
ified His holy name. 

Now the interchange between Heaven and earth is 
complete. As the Spirit of the Lord rules in the 
Hearts of true believers in a general way, even so He 
leads and guides individually. "Howbeit when he, the 
Spirit of truth,, is come, he will guide you unto all 
truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but what- 
soever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will 
shew you things to come." (John l6;13) 

.His mission on earth is worldwide. "And when he is 
come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of right- 
eousness, and of judgment: Of sin, because they believe 
not on me; Of righteousness, because I go to my Father ; 
and ye see me no more; Of judgment, because the prince 
of this world is judged." (John 16:8-11) 



THE PILGRIM 11 



What a wonderful Guide I What a glorious Leader 
with such reproving power! "And Jesus, when he was 
baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, 
lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the 
Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting 
upon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This 
is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Then 
was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to 
be tempted of the devil." (Matthew 3:16,17, 4:1) 
Jesus had an unlimited measure and gift of the Holy 
Spirit, for John the Baptist says, "For he whom God 
hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth 
n ot the Spirit by measure unto him." (John 3:34) So 
we understand, while Jesus was on earth, the Spirit 
of God was with Him until His mission on earth was 
done! / .'. 

This Holy Spirit, this holy Power and Personage who 
helped create the world, w?io strove with man before 
the flood, (Genesis 6:3) led the holy prophets to 
speak "as they were moved by the Holy Ghost," David 
pled with God when he had sinned, "Cast me not away 
from thy presence; and take not thy Holy Spirit from 
me." (PsaLms 51:10) 

Thus the work and keeping in touch with mankind 
has the Holy Spirit witnessed through the ages. But 
more endearing, more thrilling, more ever-reminding 
us that the Holy Spirit, being with Jesus all along 
HIs earthly life fully knows the work of salvation and 
the process and progress of each Christianas life. 
His full and partnership understanding with Jesus, and 
His knowing all this so well, Jesus gave Him the com- 
mission to take His place as Comforter when Jesus as- 
cended from earth to Heaven. And now He collectively 
and individually takes care of the children of God to 
help bring about the great change from glory to glory, 
from earthy to heavenly, from mortal to immortality, 
even as by the Spirit of the Lord. 

Thou Spirit, mighty Power, 
Be with us every hour, 
Along the way, 



12 ' THE PILGRIM 



To lead and guide us on 
Until the night is gone 
Unto the glorious dawn 
Of perfect day. 

So pure and right and good, 
Show us of Heavenly food, 

To live in peace . 
Guide us, we need Thy aid, 
In sun and pleasant shade, 
Till Adam's debt is paid, 

Earth life to close. 

Speak to us of the Lord; 
Show us His Holy Word 

To understand. 
Be near us in faith* s fight; 
Be Thou our shining Light; 
Till day in place of night 

In happy land. 



V'hen we by angels borne, 
Waiting the rising morn, 

Earth f s trials done. 
We see the shining host, 
Those we loved best and most, 
Father, Son, Holy Ghost, 

Thou Three in One. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 

This is the final article in a series of six on 

II Corinthians 3*18. 



BIRTH 

BAKES: a son, David Jesse, bom to Paul and Mary Baker 
of Maple, Ontario on December 8, 



THE PILGRIM 13 



THE ANGELS' MESSAGE: PEACE ON EARTH 

"Peace on earth 1 ' — how strange the message I 

Listen to the sound of war/ 
To the noise of strife and' conflict , 

To the struggle -evermore. 

Do you wonder, weeping Christian'^ 
Why the message seems in vain; 

Why the gladsome Christmas chorus . 

Leaves on earth so much of pain? , ' •* 

"Peace on earth" — doubting spirit , 
Let your sad forebodings cease. 

Jesus is the Ovsrcomer, 

Jesus is the -Prince of Peace. 

Though we see not all things conquered, 
Yet our faith crowns Jesus now. 

And His reign shall ne l er be over 
Till each enemy shall. bow. 

Then the tide of Christmas blessing 
Shall prevail the world around, 

And the glory of Christ's kingdom' . 
Shall forever-more be found. 

"Peace on earth" — how sweet the message 
To the saddened, sorrowing earth 1 

Strife and tumult soon must vanish, 
Joy and victory have their birth. 

Sweeter and sweeter grows the chorus! 

Listen, then, weary soul, 
Till it penetrates the darkness, '■ -■ 

Fills with light, and makes thee whole. ' 

To each heart that takes the message . 

Even now its strife is o'er, 
And 'it hears the angels r music 

Swelling clearer evermore. 

Selected from the "Bible Monitor" 



U THE PILGRIM 



. .. MY SOUL DQTHMAGMFY THE LORD (Luke 1:46). 

It was a moment of deepest joy for Mary of Nazareth. 
She had looked forward to this moment when she could 
discuss with her cousin > Elisabeth, the things that 
had come to pass. 

Still fresh in her mind was the visit of the angel 
Gabriel with his startling news. He had addressed 
her with the words: "Hail, thou that art highly fa- 
voured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among 
women ♦ H 

Now after her long and dusty trek from Galilee, 
Elizabeth greeted her with these words again, "Blessed 
art thou among women... and whence is this to me, that 
the mother of my Lord should come to me? 

Gary's heart at once responded. There was joy and 
awe and wonderment and a deep humility in her voice as 
she poured out her prayer and song of praise. She 
began solemnly, "My soul doth magnify the Lord, and 
my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour." 

More than a thousand years earlier, Hannah, the 
mother of Samuel, had used almost the same words in a 
glad prayer to God. It too was a song of motherhood. 
Yet Mary's Son would be a greater than Samuel. Mary 
was to be the mother of the Son of God! 

Mary had many reasons to magnify the Lord, Why had 
she, above all the women of the earth, been chosen for 
this special honor? An unknown girl from the hills 
of Galilee, she would have been lost in a king's 
palace. Yet she was to give birth to the greatest 
King of all and suckle Him and be. His mother, the near- 
est and dearest of humankind to Him. 

Mary had not .been chosen because of her riches, for 
when the time came for her child to be born, it would 
be in a stable, on a rough bed of hay and straw. 

Yet the very fact that she had been chosen might 
have caused a less humble person to fall. Mary might 
well have forgotten her background, and dwelt on her 
fortune, magnifying herself in place of the Lord! But 
Mary didn't. God knew that this young virgin was 



THE PILGRIM 15 



oualified to be a mother to His only begotten Son. 
And not the least of the qualifications was her meek- 
ness and humility. 

But the years ahead would not be easy for Mary, 
Her role as "mother of the Lord" would mean many tears 
and fears — the flight to Egypt from the wrath of an 
earthly "king, the anxiety for the boy Jesus in the 
temple, the bitter death and separation at Calvary. 
In each state Mary would need to be resigned, willing 
to "magnify the Lord. 11 

Not until the climax of His triumphal resurrection 
would Mary's spirits soar once more to the heights 
they reached in Elizabeth's house that day. 

Then, and through the intervening years, Mary's 
song would ever be a song of praise, "My soul doth 
magnify the Lord." 

Mary's role was unique In one sense. Yet in other 
ways her life was no different from ours. Indeed, how 
very similar'. We who are Christ's are also called, 
("called to be saints" I Corinthians 1:2) and chosen 
("chosen. . .to salvation" II Thessalonians 2:13) . Our 
earthly assignment will be different from Mary's, but 
our submission to God, our hopes and desires, and our 
humility must be the same as hers. 

When we consider what God has done for us, we toe 
have a wealth of reasons to "magnify the Lord." But 
only as we humble ourselves is it possible to magnify 
Him. 

Ready at Thy bidding, Lord, 

Anything to do, 

Be it but a menial task, 

I will still be true; 

Or some great and noble work, 

Thou canst* help the same; 

My fervent prayer is that my life 

May magnify Thy name. 



— Joseph Stoll 
Selected from "The Church Correspondent" 



CHILDREN'S PAGE 
CHRIST IS BORN! 

"And there were in the same, country shepherds abid- 
ing' in the field, keeping **atch over their flock by 
nipht. And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, 
end the glory of the Lord shone round about them; <-nd 
they were sore afraid* And the angel of the Lord said 
unto them, Fear not; for behold, I bring you good tid- 
ings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For 
unto you is born this day in the city of David a 
Saviour, which is Christ the Lord." 

Here is the greatest news that man had been given 
since he disobeyed God in the garden of Eden. And it 
was told to just a few shepherds, men who were poor in 
material wealth but rich in faithfulness to Got,. , They 
were men of God who were given the honor of hearing 
angels announce the birth of Jesus. How would you like 
to hear an angel talk to you? How would you like to 
hear a whole chorus of angels sing? I think that 
would be the most harmonious music that man has ever 
heard . ■ 

"And It came to pass as the angels were gone away 
from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to 
another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see 
this 'thing that is come to pass, that the Lord has 
made known unto us." 

This was something that kings would have liked to 
see. But no, they were too unholy; they could not be 
trusted to know and see the precious baby Jesus. Shep- 
herds, men of God, who knew how to do simple things — 
who could lead helpless sheep into green pastures and 
beside still waters — these were the ones God selected 
to tell of the birth of Jesus. When the shepherds had 
seen the newborn babe they returned and told all they 
met what a glorious thing had happened to them. They 
could not keep still; could you? 

'!And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising 
God for all the things that they had heard and seen..." 

Wouldn't It be wonderful at this season if everyone 
could feel like those humble shepherds on that glad day. 

— Rudolph Cover